Annual short herbaceous plants
family of legumes, growing in countries with warm and humid
A peanut flower on a long stalk emerges from
sinuses at the base of the leaf petiole attached to the stem.
The yellow peanut flower only blooms for one day.
After pollination, an ovary is formed, and a long pedicel
begins to gradually sink to the ground. Ovary of the future
the fruit reaches the soil and buries itself in the ground. There and ripen
Peanuts also have other flowers – underground, small,
at the apex of the main root. Self-pollination also occurs underground.
From underground flowers at a depth of 10-20 cm, they also develop
peanut pods. They look like thick-walled
pea pods, light brown, in the inside is
a few yellowish grains covered with a thin red
or pink skin.
South America is considered the birthplace of peanuts, although many
claim that it was Africa, it is cultivated in India,
China, Africa, the southern United States. When excavating in one of
parts of Peru were discovered graves, excavating which
scientists have found a peanut – peanuts. He was already thousands
years. In addition to the walnut itself, there were dishes decorated with
his image. Therefore, we decided that the birthplace of peanuts
is South America. From there he went to Africa, and
then in the USA. It is also cultivated in India and China.
More than 450 tons are grown annually in the USA. peanuts,
and nearly 400 hectares of crops are fed to pigs.
Basically, nuts are used to obtain oil, which
superior to many vegetable oils; it is used
also for making high quality margarine
When buying peanuts, pay attention to their appearance and smell. Choose
evenly colored grains, without streaks and spots. Settling
sometimes on the surface of peanuts (during storage in places of increased
humidity), mold fungus, releases toxins, which,
into the human body, can affect any weakened organ.
Useful properties of peanuts
Raw peanuts contain (per 100 g):
Calories 567 Kcal
B4 52.5 Potassium, K 705 Vitamin
B3 12.066 Phosphorus,
P 376 Vitamin B5 1.767 Magnesium, Mg 168 Vitamin
B1 0.64 Calcium, Ca 92 Vitamin
B2 0.135 Sodium,
Peanuts contain unique amino acids, vitamins A,
biotin, polyunsaturated lionolic and folic acid,
vegetable fats and micronutrients.
It contains more than 35% of proteins and about 50% of fats,
there is no cholesterol at all.
Peanut proteins are characterized by an optimal ratio
amino acids, and therefore they are well absorbed by the body
a person, and the fats in it have a lung
choleretic action and are useful in peptic ulcer disease
and gastritis. Eating peanuts improves memory and
attention, hearing, increases potency, normalizes function
nervous system, heart, liver and other internal
organs. Also, do not forget that folic acid
promotes cell renewal.
American scientists as a result of the research carried out,
found out that peanuts contain a lot of antioxidants
– substances that protect the cells of the body from the influence
harmful free radicals.
Maximum antioxidant properties in peanuts
possess polyphenols – compounds that are very similar in chemical
formulated with antioxidant components of red wine.
It is these components that serve to prevent diseases.
heart, ischemia, blood vessels, atherosclerosis, early aging,
as well as from the formation of malignant tumors.
By the way, fried peanuts contain polyphenols on
25% more than raw. When comparing antioxidant
the action of peanuts with other products, it turned out that
he is on a par with blackberries and strawberries, and is inferior
only pomegranate, which contains the most antioxidant substances.
Peanuts have a calming effect with increased
nervous excitability, helps with insomnia, restores
loss of strength, increases the sexual potency of men and women.
Peanut butter is often used to treat purulent
and hard-to-heal wounds
Dangerous properties of peanuts
Raw peanuts can cause digestive problems. Besides
Moreover, peanut skins are a strong allergen, so it is better
there are fried and peeled nuts. Contained in peanuts
proteins and fatty acids, in some people cause latent
Not recommended for gout.
Overuse of peanuts can lead to
overweight and obesity.
Sometimes settling on the surface of peanuts (during
storage in places of high humidity), mold fungus,
releases toxins, which, getting into the human body,
can affect any weakened organ.