The horse was domesticated by humans several millennia ago. At that time, these animals were used as traction or vehicle. Nowadays, the need for horses has declined sharply thanks to technology. These animals are increasingly used in sports and parades. One of the best types of horses for such events is considered to be the Russian breed of horses.
Features of breed development
These graceful horses have more than one medal, but caring for them also requires great physical and financial costs. This breed is characterized by a complaisant disposition and a good mind, but under an inexperienced rider there will not be
The breed of the Russian horse decreased and was restored by the efforts of scientists. This breed first appeared in the XVII century with the breeder Count Orlov-Chesmensky. Russian horses were bred on the basis of the Rastopchinsky and Oryol breeds, most of which were destroyed during World War II, since the horses were not removed from the territory of occupied Ukraine. By the end of the war, horse breeders had only 2 stallions and several purebred mares, which were presented at an exhibition in St. Petersburg. Only in 1978, the Russian horseback managed to be recreated in the form in which it is now known. Starozhilovsky stud farm today continues to work to improve this breed.
A Russian horse has certain standards. The animal breeding book is located in Russia.
Russian horse is classified as a sports breed. It was these horses that the USSR represented at international competitions. In the modern world, stallions are used for dressage and competition. Due to the high level of intelligence, the breed lends itself well to training, but only experienced riders obey.
Restoring the Russian horse as a lost breed, the breeders were able to withstand the middle ground between the physical parameters of the Friesian type horses and the harmonious physique of the Akhalkentin. This breed has strict standards, including:
The horse is 160-164 cm tall and weighs up to 500 kg.
The head of the stallions is medium-sized, embossed, the nostrils are well developed.
Big eyes are mostly dark in color.
The neck of the Russian horse is bent, so the stallion maintains balance.
The animal’s chest is lowered, the back is bent and ends with a strong croup.
The legs of the horse are powerful, with pronounced joints.
The hooves are high, with a strong horny plate.
This type of horse has a black or pale shade of hair. Horses with a light color or spots are not allowed to be bred. Mane and tail are quite rare, hair falls out for sure.
The Russian riding horse in the photo can be found in various publications for breeders, since this breed is considered the unwritten leader of domestic horse breeding.
One of the main qualities of a Russian horse is its calmness and friendliness towards people. A high level of intelligence and physical parameters allow the use of stallions for dressage and competition. The horses are well trained and have good stamina. These horses are also used for mounted police in some countries because of their obedience to commands.
However, horses are sensitive in nature, and only an experienced rider can handle them. The Stallion of the Russian Horse will not be aggressive towards beginners, but may not want to learn from an inexperienced person.
Among the most common characteristic qualities of the Russian horse are the following:
Due to the structure of the body, such a horse prefers active pastime and can be bored in the stall. Also, a Russian horse is attached to its rider and may not recognize another. In no case should not yell at the pet or punish him physically. This breed is very sensitive to violence and may cease to obey the person.
During the training of Russian riders, verbal commands are more often used, which the animal easily recognizes.
Sports breeds require good conditions and daily care. Unlike heavyweights, riders need a big stall and good food. The stallion box should be 5 square meters. m per person.
Drafts, pungent odors or loud noises are unacceptable in the stable of the animal. The temperature and humidity should be stable regardless of the time of year.
Also, Russian horses need to be taken to the pasture in the summer, where horses replenish vitamins.
It is imperative to comply with the sanitary standards for keeping horses:
Clean the stall at least once a day.
Rinse the stable twice a week.
Ventilate the room daily.
When changing seasons, disinfect the stable with special preparations.
Horses should also be taken care of every day. Riders of this species require dressage, otherwise their muscles and joints begin to atrophy. In addition, any injury requires medical intervention, otherwise a sore spot will torment this breed until old age.
Sport horses are individually cast horseshoes under hooves. For show jumping, the horseshoe should ideally sit on the plate of the horn and be as light as possible.
The tourniquet must also be made individually for the protruding horse. You must make sure that the saddle does not rub the back of the animal, and that the tooth does not pierce the teeth.
Sports horse breeds require an individually designed diet. If the nutrition is not balanced, the animal simply will not be able to gain the necessary amount of muscle mass for the competition.
The daily ration of a Russian horse should include:
grain or compound feed – 4 kg;
meadow hay – 4 kg;
juicy food – 2 kg;
wheat straw – 1 kg;
vitamin and mineral supplements – in accordance with the proportions of the horse.
Hay and compound feeds should make up a large part of the diet; they cannot be replaced with vegetables or fruits. Chopped wheat or rye straw should be added to oats. Thanks to pruning, saliva is actively released from the stallions, which helps to chew food. Pure straw should not occupy more than 10% of the daily diet. This low-calorie product can clog an animal’s stomach.
It is important to monitor the state of hay and succulent feed. Poor drying, mold, or musty food can cause serious digestive problems. For feeding sports breeds should choose the highest quality products. A good addition to the main diet will be clover hay, which is mixed with ordinary herbs.
Among vegetables there are such products for feeding a horse:
Before eating vegetables should be cleaned and washed from the ground. Carrots and pumpkins should also be cut into large pieces. Juicy food in the animal’s diet should not occupy more than 20%, otherwise the horse may be upset.
Vitamins and minerals must be present in the daily diet. For this, fish oil, bone and grass meal should be added to the feed. A lack of calcium in the body of a Russian horse can affect the musculoskeletal system of an animal. This leads to bone deformities and joint diseases.
Horses consume a lot of water, so animals must be clean and well fed. Dehydration for horses is much more dangerous than starvation: without water, a stallion can die or remain disabled.
The Russian breed of horses has a good physical shape and a high level of intelligence. This type of horse is called a sporting breed; they are used for dressage and competition. A Russian horse is not suitable for agricultural work; its body structure is not suitable for a plow or grazing.
In addition to sporting events, black horses can be found in equestrian police or in parades. Despite the decline of the breed, scientists managed to revive it, and now the Russian riding horse is popular throughout the world.