Horse breed Orlovsky trotter

Horse breed Orlovsky trotter

The world-famous Orlov trotter, also called the Orlov trotter horse, is an easy-to-breed pedigree branch, which, at the level of genetics, has gained the ability to frisk trot, one of the best in the world .

  1. About Orlov trotters
  2. Differences from other trotting genotypes
  3. Biochemical comparison
  4. Immunogenetic analysis
  5. Molecular analytics
  6. Exterior <
  7. Modern usage

Орловский рысак

Oryol trotter

About Orlov trotters

The line of Oryol trotters was drawn by domestic horse breeding in the Voronezh region at the Count Orlov stud farm. Count Orlov’s horses and horse fell on the interval between the end of the XVII – the beginning of the XIX century.When crossing the new Russian pedigree line, the blood of the Arabian and Danish horses, the Dutch and Macklenburg horses were taken as the genetic basis.

Orlov trotter Count Orlov in apples became known, due to the wide use in Russia in horse threes. Today, animals are best known for participating in horse auctions of an international level.

In modern times, the Oryol trotter has become used under saddle for walking purposes and as a sports specimen in equestrian sport. Its natural feature is to gracefully curl your neck and gracefully hold your head became one of the reasons why they are often harnessed to teams.One of the oldest trotting Oryol breeds is also used in driving.

The geography of the distribution of the Oryol trotter breed covers a vast territory. In the period before the revolution, stud farms profitably engaged in their breeding everywhere, with the exception of the Far North, deserts and southern mountains. It was prestigious for stud farms to buy and raise beautiful stallions and mares from Count Orlov with a pedigree.

Differences from other trotting genotypes

The genetic uniqueness of beautiful mares and stallions that can transmit inherited the ability of trotting, suit and constitution, was studied using different markers of biochemical, immune, and molecular origin.

Biochemical comparison

The gene pool of strong women was compared at different levels of biochemistry pedigree lines, which showed Interstitial their position among the horse and tyazheloupryazhnoy pedigree branches. The Oryol horse breed stands out significantly among representatives of American origin and other foreign trotter genotypes.

At the same time, it was concluded that the Orlov trotter is more like European roots of harness pedigree branches than Arabian ancestors.

Immunogenetic analysis

The analysis at the immunogenetic level showed that the Oryol steed forms in different lines depending on local living conditions, thanks to adaptation processes. Thus, a noticeable difference between breed types of populations was found between Siberian trotters and horses from European Russian territory.

Molecular analytics

The processes of pigment formation of horses were analyzed at the molecular level of studying the breed in order to fix the animal genotypes in the future.

According to the results of the measures taken, the superiority of beautiful Russian animals was improved by applying the process of crossbreeding with American and French trotter horses This also allowed us to preserve the appearance of the breed and its inherent suit.


Description of the Oryol breed of horses relates it to large representatives that grow at the withers to 1, 57-1.7 m. The average height of the Oryol trotter is 1.6-1.61 m, the stallion is 1.62-1.63 m. In the chest girth, horses of the Orlov breed are 1.8 m, in the metacarpus – 20 0-20.3 cm. Weight of horses – from 0.5 to 0.55 tons.

The color of the trotters can be varied:

  • gray horses are most common, especially the Oryol trotters are gray in apples,
  • the animal can have a dark or light, almost white, tone, gray with a reddish tint, bay animals are often found,
  • the color of the Oryol breed of horses can be black,
  • red colors and roan horses are less common.

In nature, cream trotters are found that secured the cream gene from the bulan mare.

Description of the modern horse and trotter mare of Count Orlov arakterizuet her as a harmoniously developed a horse with a dry head on a high neck, curving bend swan. The harnessed Oryol trotter breed of horses is distinguished by a strong constitution with a muscular dorsal section and strong limbs with strong hooves.

The Oryol horse is distinguished by its agility for trotting, and strengthens these qualitative characteristics, passing on to the genetic level to subsequent generations, acting excellent breeding material in large-scale domestic horse breeding.

Characteristics of the Oryol breed of horses describes them as animals with a proud posture, lush mane and tail, graceful movement niyami. By nature, the Oryol trotter is a good-natured, but temperamental animal.

In domestic horse breeding, the Oryol trotters are most in demand in three main genotypes:

  • resembling the appearance of a heavy truck, a massive type,
  • light, the so-called “prize”, dry type,
  • middle (intermediate) type.

Paris. Oryol trotter. In freedom
Oryol trotter
Oryol trotter Russia’s national property

Modern use

This breed of horse in 2007 was recognized by the domestic Ministry of Agriculture.

The restored genotype of thoroughbred horses differs from representatives of the last century in its agility. Despite the excellent speed results demonstrated, on the whole they were not able to surpass in this American horses, which are more frisky by genotype.

The absolute speed record of the domestic trotter breed was recorded at 1 minute 57.2 seconds at a distance of 1.6 km. This record time belongs to a stallion named Cowboy, who showed results in a race in the 90s of the last century in Ramensk.

Today the Oryol trotters are reproduced along 8 lines named after the horses:

  • The leading producer of the Oryol breed is Peony, which surpasses all the others in number and quality characteristics of the offspring.
  • The hereditary branches of Catch, Pilot and Square have lower indicators, but are also large.
  • Less in number tribal line Ending.
  • Unknow The branches from Wind, Barchuk and Warrior make a significant contribution to the development of the Oryol breed.

Modern pedigree stables, which contain the stallions and mares of Count Orlov and breed foals, are located in Ukraine and Russia . How much can you buy a horse? The price of a foal of the Oryol breed from Square costs from 110 thousand rubles, but this is far from the limit, since the price of the Oryol breed of horses depends on many factors.So, the cost of a foal can reach up to 250 thousand rubles. The average price of an adult horse with a pedigree is up to 250-270 thousand rubles.

A unique breed of trotters is used in different directions of equestrian sport. She needs a show jumping, dressage, regular amateur riding and driving.

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Anna Evans

Author ✓ Farmer

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