Prunes are dried fruits of homemade
black plum and has good taste and nutritional qualities.
Plum belongs to the trees of the Rosaceae family and is
the result of a natural crossing of cherry plum and blackthorn.
Currently, plum is actively cultivated in countries
Asia Minor, North Caucasus, Moldova, middle
and the southern lane. and in Ukraine.
The fruits of the plum variety are considered the best for drying.
An Italian Hungarian who differs from her progenitor
cherry plums are high in sugar and firm pulp.
It is these qualities that make it possible to dry the fruits of this
plums without the use of any enzymes and get
When buying prunes on the market, you should definitely pay attention
on the appearance of prunes. Quality prunes should be black
color and have a light, slight sheen, should be fleshy,
a little soft and elastic. And here is the brownish shade of prunes
shows significant irregularities in fruit processing. With such
processing prunes lose their beneficial properties and rich in vitamin and mineral
structure. These prunes often taste rancid. Bitterness,
even if it is very faint, it is a consequence of improper drying.
Prunes are a high-calorie food with a high content of
carbohydrates and sugar. In 100 g of prunes 231 kcal. 100 g dried
(dehydrated) prunes contains 339 kcal, and 100 g of stewed
prunes contain 113 kcal. Comparatively less calorie content of canned
prunes – 105 kcal for every 100 g of product. To people suffering
do not overuse this product.
Nutritional value per 100 grams:
Proteins, g Fats, g Carbohydrates, g Ash, g Water, g Caloric value, kcal 2,3 0,7 57 2 25 339
Useful properties of prunes
Prunes contain a large amount of vitamins (E,
beta-carotene, PP, C
and B vitamins);
trace elements (iron, potassium,
other useful substances (sugar, fiber, pectins,
organic acids, starch, carbohydrates, proteins).
Of the organic acids in prunes, malic acid predominates,
but lemon, salicylic and oxalic are also present.
Thanks to the polyphenols in prunes, this
dried fruit affects the increase in the elasticity of the walls of blood vessels,
which has a beneficial effect on the work of the entire cardiovascular
Prunes have tonic properties, restore
decreased performance, improves general condition
organism. Also, prunes have good cosmetic
properties, therefore it is able to improve the appearance and condition
Prunes are rich in potassium, which is known to
used for urolithiasis, takes part
in the transmission of nerve impulses, in muscle contraction, in maintaining
cardiac activity and acid-base balance
in organism. Potassium increases bile secretion
and the elimination of urine from the body.
Prunes boost immunity and overall resistance
organism to environmentally hazardous external influences,
thanks to its antioxidants. Highly
it is important that prunes absorb free radicals that destroy
organism. Because of this, its anti-aging
properties and usefulness of its use as an excellent
means for the prevention of cancer.
The presence of a large amount of vitamins in prunes
group B has a beneficial effect on the human nervous system,
eliminating anxiety and increasing the body’s resistance
stress. Prunes are highly prized for their ability
normalize high blood pressure and that is why
hypertensive patients are often prescribed a diet using
Prunes are widely used for
some bowel diseases accompanied by constipation,
with gout, liver, kidney and heart damage, for
increasing appetite and secretion of gastric juice.
Prunes are extremely useful for vitamin deficiencies, because
contains a wide range of vitamins. Quite often, prunes are prescribed for iron deficiency
anemia, as well as to replenish the lack of potassium in the body.
Contrary to popular belief about the high content of this
a trace element in bananas,
in prunes potassium contains one and a half times more.
High energy value of prunes and high
the content of nutrients in it allows you to recommend
it to replenish the energy balance of the body.
Prunes are included in many dishes and drinks
– salads, meat dishes, pilaf, compotes. Prunes help preserve
freshness of meat, up to 90% reduces the growth of salmonella, staphylococcus
and Escherichia coli.
The best prunes are the ones that are dried
naturally, without the use of blanching or
processing with glycerin. Only ripe ones are suitable for drying,
juicy and sweet fruits, since only ripe plums
have the highest healing properties.
Plums are harvested, washed and dried for several days in the sun
until completely dry. It has long been believed that the most
healthy dried plums are prunes with pits,
therefore, do not remove the bone before drying.
In the record for the presence of potassium
Dangerous properties of prunes
You can not use prunes for people suffering from sugar
diabetes or obesity due to high sugar content.
It is also contraindicated in nursing mothers, as it can cause
bloating in a newborn or allergies. Prunes are contraindicated
those who have kidney stones, as it can provoke an exacerbation
diseases or those who have allergies
The video will tell you how to choose the right prunes in the market or in the store.