Hybrid yields crops are significantly higher than ordinary cucumbers. A striking representative of such hybrids is a variety of cucumbers Funny gnomes. Gardeners plant a hybrid under the film, in open ground, and in the greenhouse.
- Variety description
- Bush <
- Fruits <
- Planting cucumbers
- Open field
- Seeds in the greenhouse
- Caring for the bushes
- Watering <
- Feeding <
- Shrub formation
- Diseases and pests
- To summarize
Variety Funky gnomes F1 withdraw on breeders as a hybrid for greenhouses and unprotected soil. The plant does not need insects for pollination.
Cheerful gnomes differ in a bunch of laying ovaries. 5 pieces. With proper care from one bush of the Funny Gnomes, gardeners remove up to 8 kg of cucumbers.
Gnomes are early ripe varieties. The first fruits ripen on day 38–40 from the appearance of seedlings. The hybrid bears fruit until the end of August.
The fruits of the Gnomes F1 have the shape of a cylinder. The length of one fruit is not more than 9 cm, weight – up to 90 g. The cucumber is covered with small tubercles and white spikes. Thin-billed greens have juicy, fragrant flesh.
Those who have already grown cucumbers of this variety note the excellent palatability of the fruit. cucumbers show good keeping quality and transportability.
For successful cultivation of bunch cucumbers, the seeds of the crop are germinated before planting. To do this, first let the seeds swell in warm water, then transfer them to a damp cloth and leave. After 2 days, roots appear in most of the seeds. Seeds are ready for planting.
Recently, gardeners prefer to use the seedling method of growing cucumbers. Cheerful gnomes of F1 are no exception.
For seedlings, cucumber seeds begin to be planted in March. The soil is chosen light and loose. Organics are used for fertilizer.
Beam cucumbers do not like picks. To avoid unnecessary transplants, plastic cups are used to grow seedlings. Pour the earth into prepared containers and lightly water it. Seeding depth is 2-3 cm. If a box is used for seedling cultivation, grooves are made and seeds are placed in them. A distance of at least 7 cm is left between the seeds. An interval of 20 cm is observed between the rows.
The containers are covered with cling film and left until the first shoots appear. At this time, it is important to maintain the temperature at 20 ° C. Seedlings are watered sparingly: the soil should be slightly moist. You can feed the sprouts after the appearance of 2 real leaves.
Transplanting into the ground
Gnomiks who are growing seedlings are taken to a permanent place for 25-30 days after full germination. In the greenhouse place 2-3 plants per 1 square. m. In the open ground, 4-5 sprouts are planted per square meter.
Seeds are sown in unprotected ground in late April and early May. Heated soil is dug along with organic fertilizers, loosened and well watered. Manure and chicken droppings are used as fertilizers.
Germinated seeds are placed in holes according to the 30 x 70 cm pattern. This arrangement of bushes contributes to good illumination of plants and unhindered access to bushes for irrigation and fertilizing.
Seeds in a greenhouse
In regions with a cold climate, cucumbers are recommended to be planted in a greenhouse. Sowing of seeds begins in the second half of April. Pre-prepared beds for vegetables. In the greenhouse, they dig the earth, remove weeds, add organic matter, and then well water the soil.
Seeds are sprouted for better growth, then 2 seeds are laid out in each well. For 1 square. m have no more than 5 holes.
Care for the bushes
By the time of fruiting, the plants must have a developed root system, formed leaves. The key to this is proper care of the crop.
Cucumbers gratefully perceive water. The soil on cucumber beds cannot be waterlogged.
- cucumbers are watered every 2-3 days;
- watering is done in the evening, when exposure to sunlight per plant is minimal;
- on sultry summer days; the vegetable is watered in the morning before the onset of heat;
- avoid dropping water on the foliage: this protects the plant from sunburn;
- the crop is watered with warm, settled water;
- cut watering during a cold snap.
Introducing nutrients increases the yield of plants. Gnomes love both root and foliar top dressing. When fertilizing, a number of rules should be followed:
- Nutrients should not be in excess: this leads to the development of diseases, inhibition of the plant.
- Foliar top dressing is carried out in the evening or in the cloudy weather.
- Mineral mixtures alternate with organic fertilizers.
- Top dressing is combined with watering.
First top dressing
The first top dressing is carried out 15 days after planting. Fertilizing is repeated every 10 days even during fruiting.
Organic fertilizer recipes:
- solution of bird droppings in a ratio of 1 to 15;
- slurry, divorced in a ratio of 1 to 8;
- 1 part of horse or cow manure in 6 parts of water;
- infusion of green grass, diluted with warm water in a ratio of 1: 5.
Mineral fertilizers are prepared according to the following schemes:
- 1 tbsp. l urea and 60 g of superphosphate are dissolved in 10 l of water;
- urea, superphosphate and potassium salt are diluted in 10 l of water;
- 1 glass of wood ash is insisted in 10 l of water.
Depending on the period of development of the crop, the proportions of mineral fertilizers change. At the first stage of development, emphasis is placed on nitrogen, during flowering – on phosphorus, then both will be needed.
It is recommended to spray cheerful gnomes with growth stimulants that provoke the formation of ovaries in the bundle. This procedure is carried out twice a season: when the buds only opened and during plentiful flowering.
Formation of a bush
Funny gnomes are grown on a trellis: this allows to achieve the maximum comfortable conditions for the growing season.
We must not forget to form bushes.In the sinuses of the lower four leaves, all female flowers and shoots are removed. Further to the very top in each node leave no more than one bunch of cucumbers and 2 leaves. When the main stem reaches the trellis, one bunch of cucumbers and 3 leaves are left on its top, and pinch the stem.
In order for the cucumbers to bear fruit for longer, it is necessary to collect on time ripe cucumbers. Zelentsy is removed every 2 days. To obtain pickles, fruits are harvested daily.
Overgrowing of greens should not be allowed: this leads to drying out of the bush.
Diseases and pests
Cheerful gnomes are resistant to powdery mildew, fungal diseases, all kinds of spotting. Preventive measures should not be neglected – fungicides should be sprayed on the culture.
Cucumbers can be invaded by aphids. In the fight against insects, insecticides and folk methods help:
- soap solutions;
- ash solutions;
- herbal infusions and decoctions.
Funny gnomes is a universal variety. The cultivation of these cucumbers has some features, but does not cause difficulties. With proper care, beam cucumbers will please a good harvest.