Characteristics of the Curie Breed Loman Brown

Characteristics of the Curie Breed Loman Brown

The Loman Brown chickens meet all high standards of bio-productivity, therefore they are very popular. This is a cross-layer production line. In the world, these chickens are known due to the high productivity of eggs, although they are considered both meat and egg breeds.

Content
  1. History <
  2. Specification
  3. How to care for an individual
  4. What should be the nutrition
  5. Productivity <
  6. Care for young
  7. How to equip the house
  8. Diseases
  9. What breeders say about the form

Куры Ломан Браун

Chickens Loman Brown

History

Chickens Loman Brown got their name from the German supplier Lohmann Tierzucht GmbH. brought from Germany, by the poet produce offspring with identical productivity at home is not possible.

History of the rather complicated. In its creation four hybrids were involved. From crossbreeding occurred chickens, which can be very easy to distinguish by sex visually. Based on the management of the company, there are several varieties of the breed:

  • broken Brown – nick;
  • broken Brown – high;
  • broken Brown – online;
  • Broken Brown – Leghorn .

Their differences are in egg size and economic indicators. Variations for obtaining extra-large eggs, small and standard, have been deduced, there are also representatives carrying large eggs from the beginning of oviposition. Laying meat is tender, practically free of fat.

Specification

The breed of hens is Broken Brown, arranged so that even in day-old chicks it is possible to determine the sex. The first thing that catches your eye even in the photo is a rather large physique. In addition to high meat and egg indicators, chickens have a high survival rate of 98%. The bird looks pretty impressive with a weight of only 2-3 kg. In the specific description of the breed, there are 2 lines: maternal and paternal, differing in color. Parents are white with a silver tint, the paternal ones have a darker golden brown color with the addition of dark feathers.

Even among chickens, females and males can be distinguished. By carefully looking at the photos of the Loman Brown chickens, you can see that the males are dark, and the hens have a white cannon. Often, an adult thoroughbred individual falls into the hands of a novice farmer. In this case, information is required on the productivity and age of the bird. To find out exactly the age of a feathered creature, you can use the information in the video clip.

How to care for an individual

Loman Brown chickens are very popular among breeders, due to their unpretentiousness in leaving and high survival rate. Keeping such birds is a whole art. The breed easily adapts to any climate, so growing does not require large expenses. They can be kept in enclosures, on the floor, or in cages exposed in tiers.However, if when breeding chickens you want to get more than just individuals with average production indices, you should pay maximum attention to the peculiarities of keeping.

In order for birds to survive the winter calmly, the best option for them would be a warmed house. The temperature regime should be 16-18 ° C. Layers are able to survive even in frosts down to -25 ° C, but later on this is fraught with pain and a decrease in egg production .

The size of the house is determined by the heads. Normally, 6 to 8 individuals are on the floor. If you do not observe the ratio, cannibalism may occur, destruction of the ovipositions will begin.

The standard forces 4 hens to be placed on one nest. When grown in cells, 540 square meters should be allocated per individual. see

Light mode is important in breeding birds. The daylight hours in the egg-laying stage should be at least 16 hours. If the birds live in private estates and are outdoors in daylight, artificial illumination in the house and maintaining an acceptable plus temperature in winter are recommended.

What should be the food

Enough a difficult task is the selection of the right diet. At home, the difficulty lies in tracking the quality of the resulting feed. It is compound feed that should be the basis of the laying hen ration.Unfortunately, our feeds are not of high quality, and many farmers leave negative reviews, therefore, if there is no confidence in this product, it is best to make it yourself. For one chicken, on average, 100-120 g of feed per day is required. The composition of the feed should include:

  • protein 15-20%;
  • calcium 5%;
  • vitamin supplements.

In order for the Loman Brown chicken breed to develop normally and be able to please with high rates of egg laying, birds should not be fed whole wheat, because the cereal is absorbed by the body for a very long time. Often chickens are fed with sprouted or crushed grains. In an autonomous economy, the diet of laying hens must be varied with root crops, cabbage, tavern, corn, and barley. Full-fledged walking also favorably affects the meat and egg qualities of the breed.

Productivity

Laying Brown breeds are considered the most highly productive. The optimal period of detention at home is from 2 to 3 years. The average egg production per 1 year is 320 eggs. After that, their productivity decreases, therefore their breeding at a poultry farm becomes unprofitable in the future.

The best growing cycle for keeping in autonomous farms is two years. From the beginning of oviposition to 90 weeks, an increase in egg mass occurs. On average, the egg reaches 62.5 g, the maximum weight is 72 g. Lohman Brown begins to rush at the age of 5 months.The entire growth period is 161 days. The highest egg production is observed at the age of 160-180 days. The weight of the hens is small: an adult cockerel weighs 3 kg, a chicken weighs less than 2.

Care for young animals

An incubation egg or a day old chicken can only be bought from German suppliers. Even with all its high survivability and unpretentiousness, only proper care will be the key to obtaining positive quality indicators, otherwise the farmer will have an average chicken with average indicators on hand.

Chickens Loman Brown and their characteristics of the characteristics of raising chickens deserve special attention .

  1. On the first day you need to keep chickens at a temperature of 35 ° C, which is daily reduced by 2 °. The final temperature on day 42 is 18-20 ° C.
  2. In the first two days after hatching, the illumination should be around the clock. After they switch to a six-hour cycle. On the tenth day young animals are transferred to the insolation cycle of adult chickens.
  3. The main factors for full development are timely vaccination and optimal oxygen supply.

How to equip the house

A properly equipped house is the key to the full development of birds. For Loman Brown, in the chicken coop, as a heater, wood sawdust or hay should be put on the floor. The shed should be equipped with perches, nests and drinking bowls.Perches are 50 mm long poles on which chickens rest. When constructing nests, it is necessary to take into account the size of the chickens, as Loman Brown has a rather large structure.

The nest must be made free so that the chicken can turn around in it. Feeders are preferably rectangular. On top of the feeders they put on nets with cells wide enough so that the chicken can freely stick its head in and get food. Specialized drinking bowls are installed at the poultry farm for free access to water, in autonomous farms they can be replaced by medium-sized reservoirs dug in the ground.

Diseases

The breed description speaks of high endurance , but even so, the bird can undergo a number of different diseases. One of the most common ailments is coccidosis . The carriers of the disease are wild birds and rodents. The therapy is carried out under the supervision of a veterinarian. For treatment, antibiotics are used in combination with coccivitis, avatech and sacox.

Ascoridosis is an ailment that affects birds of any breed. This is a nematode infection. Most often, young animals and chickens are so sick. Treat birds with piperazine. One of the most dangerous diseases is tuberculosis. The source of infection is the droppings of infected birds. It is very difficult to identify in the early stages. Nodules appear on the necks of birds, winged ones often shake their wings, become lethargic. If such an ailment is detected, the birds are slaughtered, and the corpses are burned.

What breeders say about the species

The feedback from most breeders is positive. The breed has its pros and cons. Among the advantages note:

  • early maturity;
  • high bio-productivity: chickens begin to rush as early as 5 months, despite the banal content;
  • adaptability to any conditions.

The minuses include a short period of egg production and the inability to breed at home. The price of the Loman Brown chicken is quite high. Today in Moscow you can buy wholesale or retail youngsters and cocks Loman Brown from trusted breeders. According to some reports, the Loman White breed has a longer bioproductivity period.

They can be bred inside the species, although the indicators of hatched chickens will still be lower than those of the parental individuals. Most breeders form a repair herd, which is half of the first kind of hens, 30% of the second kind of hens and 20% of the third kind of animals. By the end of the second year, individuals of the first kind are assigned for slaughter. The big plus is that you can now buy hatching eggs and chickens in the Moscow region. How much the price will be depends on the breed species and where the chicken was bred.

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Anna Evans

Author ✓ Farmer

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