For many centuries, the horse remains a true friend and reliable assistant to man. Given a caring attitude, this beautiful four-legged creature will reward devotion and friendship.
- Breeding history
- Features of appearance and character
- Maintenance and care
- Horse value in the market
Today in hippology, there are several dozen horse breeds. This article is about the Pinto breed.
The name of the breed is due to the Spanish adjective “Pintado”, which means “painted” in translation. Scientists still have not come to a consensus about which countries the breed comes from. Some researchers believe that Spain is its homeland, while others are prone to countries in the Middle East.
references to these bright, colorful beauties were made more than 3000 BC The evidence of this is the remains and images found in works of ancient Egyptian art found by archaeologists.
In the Middle Ages, the breed was listed among the favorites of the royal nobility, due to its remarkable external mind. You can still admire it by looking at the photo of the Pinto horse.
Gradually, the Pinto horses went into the shadows, giving way to purebred horses. But already in the first half of the 16th century, spotted stallions appeared with the conquerors on the lands of the West.
It so happened that the Indians of North America, who appreciated the external data primarily on horses, owed their distribution as a riding breed. Owners of camouflage coloring, horses of the Pinto breed liked the Indian riders. Such a horse could easily hide among the thickets of the forest. Giving the animal a special, magical meaning, the peoples of the New World revered him almost as a symbol of their land. Subsequently, the horse was saddled by cowboys of the Wild West. It was on these lands that the breed developed, its athletic skills improved, until the horses acquired the look that we can see now.
Today, there are 2 American organizations involved in breeding Pinto horses. One of them makes a full range of spotted representatives in its register, while the other only recognizes those in whose family purebred horse stallions are present. Among the registered there are 125,000 individuals, there are both large horses and ponies that meet certain criteria. There is no space reserved for the breed in the world registry due to the controversial criteria for horses to belong to it. Tennessee, Walking Morgan or Arab, Hunting Welsh Pony, etc.Depending on the type of color, they are divided into the following varieties:
- Frame, which involves the localization of spots on the neck, head and sides: white horizontal stripes are located in clear boundaries, which explains the name of the species.
- Sprayed is covered with fuzzy spots all over the body, except for the head.
- Sabino has a uniform color in the head, lower abdomen and limbs, the remaining areas are diluted with spots.
The total area of variegation should be at least 10 square meters. cm, 7.5 square meters see pony, 5 sq. cm – in miniature horses. Among the representatives of the Pinto breed is rare, but you can find horses of the black suit. After looking at the network photos of Pinto horses, you can find their pictures. There are only single cases of the birth of a monochromatic cub in a motley parent.
Classification according to the pedigree book distinguishes 2 types of Pinto horses depending on the dominant gene: a dark Overo with a white muzzle and blue eyes and a light Tobiano. Interestingly, the first one hmm of white spots necessarily crosses the spine, but the head and stomach are always monophonic. At Overo, the situation is exactly the opposite. A hybrid bred by crossing two species is called Tobero. Its coloring can vary in the most unexpected way.
In European countries, the classification of the breed for combining 2 suits (for example, Raven-Savrasai) and the owner of marks on the main background (light with red stripes) is accepted. Often, inexperienced horse breeders confuse the spotted breed with the American painted. However, only purebred riding individuals may belong to the second.
As for growth, the criteria are as follows: a horse should be above 140 cm to the level of the withers, ponies of this breed – from 86 to 140 cm: there are also miniature horses below 86 cm and miniature B – 86-96 cm. All Pinto horses are slender muscular handsome men with a large head and powerful chest, owners of blue eyes. A photo of a Pinto horse is easy to find on the Internet.
The breed of horses of Pinto includes representatives of different species in its contingent; consequently, the nature of the individuals will also vary. As a universal feature of Pinto horses, one can note friendliness, a willingness to make contact with a person and live in a herd. The pet lends itself well to training, has a lively disposition, develops high speed in running. Such a horse is ideal as a horse.
Maintenance and care
They say that a good owner can be identified by the appearance of his pet. A well-groomed trotter with a waving mane is the pride of the horse breeder.The Pinto breed horse care guidelines are no different from the general guidelines for keeping horses.
- A clean, well-heated stable. You should regularly ventilate the room and carry out wet cleaning in it, clean it of manure.
- The presence of pasture for walking. The horse needs fresh air and muscle training, regular runs. There she will pluck grass and eat hay.
- Horse cleaning and washing, special attention to the mane and tail, hooves and nostrils. In the cold season, cleaning can be done with a paper clip. It is important to regularly check for the presence of parasites in the animal.
- Regular feeding 3-4 times a day (in addition to plucking grass on the pasture), preferably at the same time, since Pinto horses have a delicate digestive system. With food, the animal should receive all the necessary vitamins and minerals. The basis of the horse’s diet is oats, grain, bran, compound feed, root crops. Individuals that are subject to regular physical exertion require additional vitamins. It is necessary to ensure that the water in the drinker is at room temperature.
It is extremely important to give the horse the opportunity to communicate with his relatives. In the stable, where several individuals live, it should not be crowded. The comfort of the animal is very important. Particular attention should be paid to this.
Horse value in the market
The high demand for the Pinto horse is due to its attractive exterior.Confirmation of this – a photo of a Pinto horse. The price per individual will vary depending on indicators such as blood purity, pedigree, availability of awards, skills, age, gender and health status of the animal.
Not so long ago, the demand for these beautiful horses was low due to the small number of thoroughbreds among the breed. However, now this horse is appreciated among amateurs and is one of the leading in popularity among breeders of the whole globe.
These horses are used not only for riding (experienced riders and amateurs), but also in agriculture as participants competitions in the field of tourism, for filming a movie. The considered breed of beautiful Pinto is a vivid example of the fact that origin is not the leading criterion for gaining popular love.