Growing cucumbers is an interesting and exciting activity. For vegetable growers engaged in this professionally, on an industrial scale, it is also profitable. To find the variety of vegetables that meets your requirements, you need to familiarize yourself with the best producers of cucumbers in 2019.
- For greenhouses
- Goosebump F1
- Alekseyich F1
- Sashkina (Sankina) love F1
- For open ground
- Athletic strength
- Prestige <
- Frost-resistant varieties
- High-yielding species
- Shade-loving species
- Murom 36
- Moscow evenings
- Company secret
- By region
- For Moscow Region
- For Siberia
- For the Urals
- Peri maturity
- Early ripening
- With a medium maturity
- Beam species
- Magdalena <
- For pickling
Self-pollinating cucumbers are cultivated in greenhouses. Otherwise, it is necessary to take care of the free access of insects to this room, using special baits for this.
New among the cucumbers Goosebump has the following characteristics:
- early ripe appearance, the first fruiting occurs after 35-40 days from the moment emergence of seedlings;
- the fruits of the hybrid do not outgrow even with an untimely harvest;
- a long fruiting period, the yield level is high;
- the fruits do not have a bitter aftertaste, crisp, fragrant;
- the culture is resistant to diseases characteristic of cucumbers.
Alekseych hybrid culture is considered to be early: the first fruits are removed 30-35 days after the appearance of loops. The fruits are medium-sized: they do not grow longer than 9 cm in length. The use of fruits is universal.
The main disadvantage of the variety is its vulnerability to fungal diseases. Additional treatments for prevention are required.
Sashkina (Sankina) love F1
From one bush, under favorable conditions for the plant, up to 40 kg of selected fruits are collected. The length of cucumbers is not more than 10 cm, they are not prone to overgrowing. The fruiting period of Sankin cultivar ends before the autumn frosts.
For open ground
Cultivation of cucumbers in open areas is possible under appropriate climatic conditions. Also, for such cultivation, varieties bred exclusively for greenhouses are not used.There are new varieties of cucumbers for 2019 that are suitable for cultivation in open ground.
Variety Athlete power was created artificially, it is classified as self-pollinated. Female flowers can form ovaries even without the participation of insects.
Harvesting is long, fruiting rates are high: 15-20 kg of cucumbers can be harvested from one bush per season.
A characteristic feature of the culture is the limited size of the lashes . The plant spends its strength not on their growth and branching, but on the formation and ripening of cucumbers.
Cucumbers Prestige are medium-ripening, recommended for cultivation in areas with a temperate climate. The timing of the first harvest is 43-45 days after the germination of the sprouts.
The fruiting period is quite long. 20-27 kg of vegetables are removed from 1 m². Small cucumbers, the peel has a deep green color. The pulp is fragrant, crisp, without a bitter aftertaste. The use of fruits is universal.
The main feature of frost-resistant cucumbers is the possibility of cultivating them in the northern regions, where climatic conditions are severe and unpredictable. Such crops are not afraid of sudden changes in temperature – this does not affect their productivity.
Breeders are constantly creating new varieties that are best suited for cultivation in areas with a cold climate.
The mid-maturing species Lord is a hybrid of the first generation, self-pollinating. The peculiarity of the variety is the active growth of lashes and side shoots. Fruiting peaks in August, when most crops cease to bear fruit.
With proper agricultural technology, yields are above average. Fruits of the correct form, small, universal in application. The taste is pleasant, the aroma is well felt.
The cold-resistant Flagship hybrid has high yields. The culture is self-pollinating, medium early, the ripening period of the first fruits is 45 days from the moment of seedling formation. The variety is resistant to diseases.
Medium-sized cucumbers with excellent taste characteristics. Good for transportation. The scope is wide: they are used fresh or for home preservation.
If the gardener has a small plot, you always want to place the most fruitful crops on it, which are modest areas will be able to give a decent harvest. The compact size of the bushes allows them to be planted more densely.
A bee-pollinated hybrid designed for cultivation in open spaces. Resistant to diseases such as cucumber mosaic, powdery mildew.It tolerates stressful conditions.
Cucumbers 6-11 cm long, with a delicate skin, therefore not subject to transportation. The taste is pleasant, bitterness is absent even when overripe, the aroma is pronounced. They use fresh vegetables, but they are also suitable for canning.
Zozulya is a self-pollinating variety with high yield indicators: from 1 m² you can get 15-20 kg of cucumbers. Fruiting friendly. The plant is resistant to diseases, responds well to top dressing.
Fruits reach a length of 15-25 cm, the weight of one instance is 150-300 g. The pulp of the vegetable is dense, juicy, with a sweet aftertaste and a distinct aroma. Cucumbers are able to maintain their presentation for a long time.
In many areas there are places that are poorly lit by the sun. Planting on them is necessary crops that can grow in such conditions. Among thermophilic cucumbers there are also fruitful species that easily tolerate a lack of light without reducing yield indicators.
Ultra-early variety, the ripening period of vegetables is 32-40 days after the appearance of the first shoots. The bee-pollinated species is used mainly for cultivation in open areas.The culture easily tolerates a lack of lighting, is resistant to temperature changes and typical diseases of cucumbers.
Fruiting ends in mid-August. The average yield is 2-3 kg of fruits per 1 m². Cucumbers are 6-8 cm long, the weight of one fruit is 60-70 g. The flesh is crispy, juicy, without voids. The aroma is distinct.
The shade-tolerant hybrid variety of cucumbers belongs to the mid-season category: 42-45 days pass from the moment the shoots appear to bear fruit. The crop is self-pollinated, indeterminate.
The fruiting period is long, the yield is 15 kg per 1 m². The length of the cucumber is 12-15 cm, weight is 80-100 g. There can be voids in the pulp, juiciness is low. Fruits are used predominantly immediately after harvesting fresh.
The species is hybrid, self-pollinating, vigorous, with medium branching. The culture is highly resistant to fungal and infectious diseases. The shade-tolerant plant is characterized as medium-yielding.
The weight of the fruit is 110-120 g, the average length is 12-14 cm. Taste characteristics are high, cucumbers are used for pickling and pickling. During heat treatment, vegetables do not cease to be crispy, their taste becomes brighter and more saturated.
It is necessary to choose a variety of cucumbers for growing, depending on the climatic conditions of that or another region.For colder areas, scientists create frost-resistant crops that can withstand fairly low temperatures. In a temperate climate, a wider range of vegetables can be cultivated.
For the Moscow Region
This is a region with a temperate climate, which provides for the cultivation of varieties with medium ripening periods. Seasonality in this area is clearly expressed, but in recent years there has been a gradual warming, which makes it possible to grow many types of cucumbers in the open ground.
Relates to the best varieties of cucumbers for the Moscow region. A hardy, high-yielding crop has an average fruit ripening period: the first crop is harvested 50-60 days after emergence. The maximum fruit mass is 150-160 g.
Fruits with a hard skin, average length – 11-12 cm. Taste quality at a fairly high level. Vegetables are used for conservation and consumed fresh.
A bee-pollinated culture that resists the spread of fungal infections.
Siberia is known for severe winters and unpredictable weather changes: sudden cold snap, sudden short-term warming. Therefore, for this region it is better to purchase varieties that have been developed specifically for such conditions.
An early-ripening cucumber popular in Siberia. The first fruits are harvested 35-37 days after the formation of seedlings.High-yielding appearance: 4-6 kg of fruits are removed from one bush.
The culture tolerates late frosts and is resistant to most diseases. Fruits in length reach no more than 10 cm, have no bitterness, are able to keep fresh for a long time.
For the Urals
are suitable. For both Siberia and the Urals, varieties of Siberian selection are often used, which are intended for cultivation in harsh climatic conditions.
This region is very changeable in weather conditions and in the composition of the soil. Therefore, most vegetables are bred there in greenhouse conditions. This makes it possible not to injure the culture with an unstable climate and get an early abundant crop.
An early hybrid, insects are needed for pollination. Harvesting seeds at home is not possible, as with all other hybrid vegetables. The period from emergence to the first fruiting is 42-47 days. The plant is resistant to diseases, medium-sized.
The average weight of the fruit is 80-90 g, the length of the cucumber is 7-9 cm. The yield is high – 10-11 kg with 1 m². Fruiting friendly, long-lasting.
Taste characteristics are high, the aroma is distinct, the flesh is juicy. Use vegetables for salads and canning.
The popular Kustovoy variety has proven itself in cultivation in the Ural region. It is characterized by a high level of resistance to cold, resistance to pathogens of various cucumber diseases. Maturing early. The peculiarity of the species is a small bush.
The yield is mediocre – 5-6 kg of fruits are removed from 1 m². Cucumbers up to 12 cm long, average weight – 70 g. The scope is wide.
By the ripening period
One of the main properties that gardeners pay attention to when choosing a crop , – the timing of its maturation. Waiting for the first harvest is always very exciting, because the vegetable grower makes a lot of efforts to get a decent result.
Early ripening allows you to get the first harvest faster than other varieties . Thanks to the work of breeders, early ripe vegetables with excellent taste and marketability become more and more every year.
On average, the ripening time of fruits is 30-45 days from the time of sprouting. The fruits are sung almost simultaneously. A significant drawback of such crops: the period for which the harvest is carried out is short-lived.
Popular varieties: Rodnichok, Palchik, Moscow dude F1, April F1, Dutch Pasalimo F1, etc.
With an average ripening period
The ripening period of these varieties is 45-55 days.Due to this, fruiting is more extended. This allows you to enjoy fresh fruits for a long time.
The taste characteristics of mid-ripe fruits are higher, cucumbers rarely have the bitterness characteristic of other species. Their taste is more saturated, uniform. The minus is the susceptibility of these vegetables to diseases characteristic of this period, especially late blight.
Mid-season varieties include Nezhinsky, Mother-in-law f1, Competitor, Zabolny, Libella f1, etc.
Ripening dates of late cucumbers – 55 or more days after sowing. They are practically not affected by viral and bacterial diseases, can easily adapt to almost any climatic conditions. Harvest from later crops have time to harvest before the onset of cold weather.
The taste of vegetables is expressive, intense, the storage period is longer. The fruits have different applications depending on the variety.
Among the late cucumbers, the following varieties are popular: Courage, Platinum, Domovenok f1, Phoenix, Solnechny and others.
Features of this type of cucumber – their compactness and growth method. By using the minimum area for planting, you can get a plentiful crop.In addition to those described below, the Miracle Bouquet, Beam Charm and other varieties are also popular.
The crop species is self-pollinating. The ripening period of the fruit is 34-36 days from the moment of biting seed sprouts. The variety is suitable for cultivation in open ground and greenhouses.
Fruit bearing performance is high: 10 kg of fruit (or more) are harvested from 1 m². The vegetables are delicious, crispy, the pulp is juicy, the aroma is pronounced. The culture easily tolerates weather vagaries, is immune to fungal diseases.
The yield indicators of this hardy hybrid are 7-9 kg of fruit from one bush. Properly processed seeds will contribute to disease resistance. The culture easily tolerates low temperatures.
Fruits ripen together, have excellent taste. The length of the green stuff does not exceed 13 cm. Tubercles are clearly visible on the peel, the vegetable is pubescent.
Pickles for pickling can be identified by their appearance:
- their peel is denser, dark green;
- tuberosity is noticeable;
- the flesh of pickling greens is denser, crisp.
For salting (depending on preferences) use large or small fruits. Of the most common varieties, the most often selected varieties are Voronezh, Nezhinsky, Beregovoi, Murom, German, etc.