Ramiro pepper is considered one of the most popular varieties. It is characterized by a pleasant sweet taste and high yields. By the appearance of pepper, you might think that it is hot, but this variety belongs to sweet vegetables.
- Characteristic of the variety
- Description of the bush
- Description of the fruit
- Planting seeds
- Growing seedlings
- Transplantation into the open ground
- Feeding <
- Watering and bush formation
- Diseases and parasites
- Conclusion <
Characteristics of the variety
Italian breeders brought Ramiro sweet pepper.
This sweet variety is Bulgarian pepper is included in the State Register of the Russian Federation. According to its characteristics, it is suitable for cultivation in all regions of the country. It can be planted not only in the greenhouse, but also in open areas.
The growing season of the variety is only 120 days, and with proper care, fruit ripening occurs 100 days after planting the seeds.
Description of the bush
Description of the bush: pepper has a developed and powerful bush that can reach heights of 100 cm.
The leaves are large and covered with a small amount of chalk their wrinkles. The color of the leaves is dark green. At least 10 fruits can form on one bush.The root system and the main stem are well developed, so the garter is not necessary, even with a large number of large fruits, the bush does not break off.
Description of the fruit
The fruit has the following characteristics:
- the color palette of fruits is diverse: red, yellow and green bell peppers of this series are often found.
- the shape is elongated, the tip is slightly rounded;
- the length of an individual fruit can reach 30 cm;
- the average wall thickness is 0.7 cm;
- the weight is in the range of 100-150 g
B nice mustache. Ramiro pepper is much sweeter than most other varieties of bell pepper. This sweet vegetable contains B vitamins. Sweet pepper contains a high concentration of beneficial trace elements that positively affect the human digestive system. Suitable for universal use. It makes delicious salads, suitable for preservation. Many people use it fresh.
If you do not have a greenhouse, then you need to plant the seeds in mid-February and store in a warm room. For better germination, the seeds should be pre-treated with a solution of manganese to disinfect bacteria. After that, only those seeds that are swollen are selected. Seeds that have emerged to the surface must be discarded, because they are not adapted for germination.After processing, the seeds must be laid on a cloth surface and dried on a battery.
A light, loose soil with a low acid content should be used to plant the seeds. The alkali level should not exceed 4%. Ideal soil can be bought at the store or created at home. To prepare fertile soil, you need to mix garden soil, humus and sand, in a ratio of 1: 2: 1. To increase the friability of the soil, it is recommended to add 1 cup of wood ash to the mixture. Seeds are planted to a depth of 1.5 cm, for better development of the root system.
The containers should be covered with plastic wrap to create greenhouse conditions. You also need to monitor the correct temperature conditions. For better germination of sweet pepper seeds, a temperature of about 25 ° C is needed. At night, the temperature should be in the range of 15-18 ° C. This is necessary in order to prepare seedlings for daily regimen after transplanting to a permanent place.
Watering seedlings should be carried out once every 4 days. Abundant watering is not recommended, because this can lead to decay of the root system. As a result, seedlings will decrease in quantity. Watering should be carried out with warm water, because it is better absorbed by the plant. Every 2 days, the film should be removed from the container so that air enters.
Cucumbers, cabbage or zucchini would be ideal neighbors for this sweet pepper. Potatoes or tomatoes should not be planted next to peppers, because after these crops the soil is rather poor in useful elements. Transplanting seedlings into open ground should be carried out in early May, when the soil has already managed to warm up to a temperature of 15-18 ° C.
Before planting, the soil must be poured with warm water and treated with a solution of copper sulfate. This will destroy all the bacteria that were stored in the soil. A distance of 80 cm must be maintained between rows and 60 cm between holes. Planting depth is 3 cm. After planting, the beds need to be watered and tamped again.
First of all, you need to remember about mulching, which is carried out using straw and humus. Mulch will protect plants from excess weeds and will not allow the soil to dry out. In the neighborhood, plants with tall bushes should be planted to protect the pepper plant from draft and wind.
Ramiro pepper needs proper nutrition. The main feature of this pepper is that fertilizers do not need to be bought. You can use existing plants and organics. At the moment when flowering begins, top dressing is carried out using the tops of nettles, dandelion or wood lice. Tops need to be mixed with a small amount of mullein and peat, after which make 3 tablespoons for each bush.The second top dressing is carried out at the time of fruiting. A solution of bird droppings and water should be prepared, and pour 1 liter into each bush.
Watering and forming a bush
Watering the plant should be carried out with water of a certain temperature. It is best to use water at 28 ° C. Before flowering, watering is carried out once a week. If for a long time the weather has been hot outside, then you need to water the plants 1 time in 3 days. After flowering, watering is carried out every 2 days. 10 l of warm water should be used per 1 m2.
It is also necessary to regularly form a bush. This is necessary for high yields. When the seedlings reach a height of 25 cm, the first flowering begins to appear. It must be removed for the proper development of the bush. The second formation must be carried out after the appearance of the 5th pair of leaves. You need to leave only 3 shoots and remove all weak ovaries. This is done in order to increase the size of the formed fruits.
Diseases and parasites
The description indicates that Ramiro pepper is not exposed to disease. But, if you water the plants abundantly, this can lead to the development of fungal infections. You can get rid of fungal diseases with the help of the drug Barrier. It can also be used as a prophylactic substance, because it contains those substances that can improve the plant’s immune system.
If diseases such as late blight or anthracnose have arisen, copper-containing drugs should be used. An ideal option would be Oxychus or a solution of Bordeaux fluid. These drugs are sprayed a month before harvest.
Sweet peppers can be exposed to parasites. Its main enemies are spider mites, aphids or slugs. In the fight against these pests, drugs called Regent or Barrier are used. You can also use self-prepared solutions from improvised means. An ideal solution would be a solution of garlic, onion or tobacco dust.
On the Ramiro sweet pepper, gardeners respond only on the positive side, because this product has a pleasant taste, colorful colors and high yields.If you follow all care measures then cultivation will be your pleasure, and you can also collect products of really high quality.