Poultry farming is very popular not only among home breeding, but also among small and medium enterprises and farming. Breeding of broiler breeds or, as they are also called, indostrauses occupies a separate place. The main qualities of these individuals are large sizes, three to four times more than a regular turkey and a high meat growth rate. All this adds benefits to these representatives of turkey poultry.
Characteristics and description of the Indostraus breed
Their breeding is gaining momentum recently , many switch from raising chickens, geese, ducks to breeding turkeys . Turkey meat is also of excellent quality meat, which is well digested and recommended by nutritionists and allergists from different countries. In some photos, turkey broilers seem simply huge and look like ostriches.
Description of the Indostraus breed
The domestic turkey has changed a lot lately. Among the classic breeds, artificially bred ones began to appear. The Indostraus breed has gained the most popularity.
Some argue that this hybrid breed was bred by crossing an ostrich and a turkey, but there is no consensus on this. This name refers to the broiler species “white broad-breasted ” turkey and BIG-6 .
The photo shows features – large size, white plumage, wide front part of the chest.This variety became widespread due to early maturity and a high percentage of meat yield up to 80% of the total body weight also in comparison with other breeds, females bring more eggs. They do not require special care conditions, but are vulnerable to cold, so it is advisable to grow them in the warm season. An adult turkey can weigh up to 25 kg and a turkey 15 kg. Eggs carry up to 90 pieces per year, which is a pretty decent indicator for broiler breeds.
Features of the Indostraus
They look like ordinary turkeys, only larger. They lead a calm measured rhythm of life, which allows them to quickly gain weight and it is very effective for growing them for commercial purposes. The turkey farm is a good investment project, if the farmer plans to quickly develop and profitable business. This species is distinguished not only by its calm character and large size, but also by a number of other qualities:
- high meat growth (up to 80 g / day);
- dietary and hypoallergenic qualities of meat;
- non-waste production;
- high survival rate of young animals.
Meat , with low cholesterol it contains a lot of vitamin and is rich in amino acids . Another advantage is a good memory of heredity, which allows you to get good offspring and engage in breeding. With each subsequent offspring, hereditary traits are not only preserved, but can also be improved, which allows you to keep the breed clean.This bird is also used to improve the quality of other breeds . Indostrauses became the founders of many other breeds with excellent indicators and got spread around the world.
The breed is popular all over the world
But still, the main feature of such birds is precisely their good weight gain. For the farm, these indicators are of particular importance. So with proper care and the highest quality diet, these birds, at the age of three months, reach marketable weight and continue intensive growth.
Characteristics and indicators of breeding of the Indostraus
Broiler turkey in the first month it requires special attention like any chick, they eat a lot, five to seven times a day, and they need warm conditions of -35 degrees.
It is advisable to grow poultry in May, and hatched ones should grow up to a month old in warmth and under special supervision, they are in this age are particularly vulnerable to cold temperatures and diseases. But after a month of age, having gained strength, they quickly begin to gain weight. Given the size of individuals, it is important to have a rather large room for their maintenance and a territory for grazing. With proper nutrition and care, after four to five months, the turkey is ready for slaughter .At the exit, we get up to 18 kg of pure weight meat from turkey and 10 kg from turkey, very good performance in a short time. In addition to meat, we get:
- fluff and feathers;
- sausages and paste.
Many farmers say that raising an indostraus is more profitable than any other poultry, and some even more profitable than a pig. At the same cost of food, weight gaining more quickly, care less pretentious, plus eggs and feathers with feathers, meat is soft, tasty, dietary, benefit on the face.
Disadvantages of the Indostraus breed
But there are also disadvantages to this type of poultry farming, it is the heat loving of individuals. Providing the required temperature all year round requires additional costs or seasonal cultivation in the summer. Also, this species is less mobile, therefore more susceptible to disease.
It should be noted that individuals, having gained maximum weight, stop gaining it and eat it as before, therefore the feed is overused, and breeding becomes no longer so profitable, so it’s so important to keep track of the weight of these birds.
Breeding and cultivation of the indostraus is a profitable and profitable business. The dietary and hypoallergenic properties of meat of this breed increase its competitiveness in the poultry market.Convenience and comparative ease of growing make this bird popular among farmers and households, and wastelessness increases the versatility coefficient of turkey business.