Crosses of turkeys are often used for industrial structure. But today it is often found that small private farms acquire such hybrid breeds. Cross turkeys differ from others in that they gain weight very quickly and they have a fairly large body weight. Due to this, many poultry farmers are profitable to grow them, but at the same time spend the minimum amount of feed.
- Cross – what is it
- Broad-chested white breed
- Broad-chested white Hybrid
- BIG – 6
- BIG – 9
- BUT -8
Cross – what is it
Cross turkeys can be of several types, or rather three:
They all have different origins, some from America, others from western Europe, Some were grown in the territory of the Russian Federation, but today are considered the best suppliers -. France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary In order to improve the productive performance of turkeys, breeders have identified a number of branches of the distinguishing characteristics.. The main ones are a high percentage of poultry mass, long viability, and of course, egg production . Each future offspring should inherit all of these qualities. For this, breeders use several species of birds.
In order to get the best view, several breeds that are considered the best of the entire breeding line are crossed.In all respects, the hybrid always surpasses its “parents” in its main characteristics. Scientists call this feature heterosis. When several branches of different breeds are crossed, the resulting breed is first called “combining.”
But the combination of branches, parents and hybrids between themselves is called the cross of turkeys. In order to create a cross, use two, three, or even four lines. Because of this, they get their name two-linear, three-linear, four-linear. But by mass they are divided into heavy, medium and light.
- Heavy cross turkeys are Hybrid Converter, Big-6 , Khidon.
- Middle cross is Hybrid Converter, BIG-9.
- Light cross-country cross Victoria , turkey cross-country universal, Booth – 8.
Broad-chested white breed
This view does not apply to crosses, but it is thanks to it that many varieties have appeared today. The broad-chested became the basis for the creation of various other breeds. Even the breed itself contains 3 other crosses. According to the table of crosses, Victoria is the heaviest turkey. The broad-breasted was bred by a British company based on other lines. Rumor has it that the white look was created based on ten different lines.And they possess such characteristics:
- heavy – at thirteen weeks their weight is five and a half kilograms, at twenty weeks a turkey weighs twenty-five kilograms, and a turkey is eleven kilograms;
- medium – at thirteen weeks their weight is four kilograms, at twenty weeks they can reach twenty kilograms – these are turkeys, and turkeys – six to seven kilograms;
- light – thirteen weeks 3 and a half kilograms, at twenty weeks the males gain eight to nine kilograms, and females – four and a half kilograms.
White broad-chested grows up to the hundredth day of his life. They differ in that they have a high percentage of meat in terms of output, always have an excellent presentation. The first time the bird leaves the clutch at nine months. Over the course of 6 months, they lay down one hundred eggs, of which as many as 90 percent are fertilized. Of these, 70 percent is the conclusion of the kids. According to the reviews of poultry farmers, the breed itself is quite whimsical, does not tolerate low temperatures, in addition, it catches a cold very easily. That is why, most often, this breed is bred in the south.
Broad-chested white Hybrid
Hybrid species are considered popular crosses. It was the broad-breasted of this species that became the “cause” of the appearance of several breeds of cross-fusion. They first appeared in America. The main difference between birds is the excellent composition of meat, which includes proteins, but at the same time a small percentage of fat and cholesterol.Another important advantage of this species is that they grow very quickly and develop well. They adapt very well to completely different living conditions. The most famous hybrids of this type are considered:
- Hybrid Converter refers to the heavy cross;
- Hybrid Grade Maker refers to the medium cross.
Converter this cross reaches downhole age – it’s 145-155 days from birth. Already by this time, heavy turkeys gain weight in 24-25 kg, and females – 13 kg. In the world they are famous for their two main, positive qualities – this is a very fast growth rate and at the same time minimal food costs. According to the reviews of many poultry farmers, the meat is very tasty and tender, and the carcass always has an excellent presentation. Cultivation is not difficult.
Grade is an average type of bird, already on 123-133 days from birth, the male reaches 19-21 kg, and the females 11 kg. They say that it is best to slaughter at twelve weeks. Very often, carcass photos can be seen on advertisements and various production booklets. But there is a small minus, at this moment the weight of the bird is not more than four kilograms, although it is during this period that the bird is sent to slaughter .
BIG – 6
Big – 6 are turkeys of a heavy cross breed . This is a very popular and relevant species among avian industrialists.Often can be found on small farms and large enterprises. This cross appeared due to the crossing of the BIG – 5 branch and the BUT – 8 cross. At the time of slaughter, the males reach more than 23 kilograms, and the females – eleven kilograms. The main thing is that meat yield is over 80 percent; cultivation is simple. Poultry is born white.
Birds grow very quickly, already at the age of three months their weight is 5 kilograms. It takes a little feed to feed, which is why the breed is beneficial for breeding. The plumage of these birds is always white, very close to the body. The body structure is very strong and powerful, the body is oblong, the chest is very large and strong, almost 31 percent of the meat is in it. The tail is very lush and noticeable, the legs are powerful and long, quite widely spaced between each other, the head is of medium size.
BIG – 9
Also applies to the white variety ideas, is distinguished by its good endurance and a large percentage of fertility. Within 6 months, one bird can lay more than 125 eggs. The percentage of output from clutches is 85. It is similar to the percentage of brood of Victoria Cross. BIG-9 cross-country turkeys hard look. Thanks to this, they are excellent for breeding, both for large industrial farms and for small ones. Birds gain their weight pretty quickly, already at the seventeenth week their weight is seventeen kilograms.
At twenty weeks, their weight is 22 kilograms.Here females usually weigh two times less, but they grow faster. One of the positive qualities of this cross is that they do not require a lot of food. Unlike Big – 6, this Big – 9 requires less feed. Big – 9 was the start for many new lines. Better take Canadian origin. The best crosses among whites.
Turkey cross is a relatively new kind of turkey that refers to white turkeys. This cross was created by British scientists who also developed the two species described above. Booth-8 is a lightweight species, a turkey at the age of seventeen weeks reaches a maximum weight of seventeen kilograms, and a female – 9 kilograms. Also, experts focus on the fact that the waste of feed on birds with age increases by a factor of two. It is because of this that most farmers are advised to send poultry for slaughter between the ages of 14 and 17 weeks, the converter is average. to feed. In appearance and appearance, the carcass is in no way different from others. The converter of this kind is positive. Feeding turkey is not a big hassle. The feathers are white and in their structure, they are very dense without any dark spots. The body is oblong, strong, and the chest is well developed. The legs are very strong and widely spaced.
Turkeys have a very strong and expressive neck, there are also bright growths on the head of the bird and a magnificent tail stands out. You can view this view in more detail in the photo. It is because of this that most farmers plant this species for decorative purposes.
Station wagon – the type of turkey that was bred in Russia is an easy type . Already at sixteen weeks, turkeys weigh six and a half kilograms, and females weigh four and a half kilograms. The species appeared due to breeding crosses of two branches U1 and U2. Unfortunately, the station wagon gives the rear along with other foreign breeds. The main factors by which the species lags behind are:
- weight gain;
- egg production.
But there are also positive aspects – this is a long duration life and unpretentiousness in nutrition. They rush poorly in the year they can give only 65 to 75 eggs.
This species belongs to the heavy species, was bred in the Netherlands. Adult males are slaughtered at a weight of twenty kilograms. Feed is needed a little, the breed itself is not whimsical and has a good weight gain. They are not whimsical in feeding.
In one year they will lay 90 to 110 eggs. But another minuscule egg production is a difficult cultivation and breeding. Kids are very afraid of dampness, drafts and sudden changes in temperature. Also, a convector is necessary for such a breed. It is not recommended to grow at home.White turkeys come in many varieties. Of the many lines of white birds create new crosses that are striking in their qualities.