Turkeys are multi-colored hosy birds that were tamed by humans many centuries ago and they moved from the American to the European continent. The ancestor of these birds was notable for considerable activity and was completely different from the modern majestic and confident large birds. Under the influence of selection selection of Turkey, many promising breeds were bred, which differ from each other only in the mass and color of feathers.Growing turkeys is now gaining popularity around the world. To grow domestic turkeys, you need to know all the rules for the care and maintenance of birds.
- The benefits of farming turkeys
- Selection of turkey breed
- Special habitat conditions for turkeys
- Growing turkeys
- How to feed the birds?
With the proper approach, even with a few p tic can get a small income. Many farmers do industrial business on turkeys , market meat, eggs or raise young stock for sale.
At home, for beginners, growing turkeys from scratch is possible, the main thing is to approach this issue responsibly and calculate profitability. It is possible to grow several crosses on a farm if you rent a site and make several houses. Before you grow turkeys, you should study the full description of the breeds of birds, as well as see photos and videos about all aspects of nutrition and content. The price of a turkey starts at private individuals from $ 5, if you translate into a ruble, you get about 300 rubles.How much a turkey costs, you need to look in your region and take into account other features of young animals.
Advantages of breeding turkeys in the farm
An adult turkey is growing rapidly and gaining weight, poultry meat is distinguished by high taste and dietary qualities, has all the necessary components. Turkey carcass contains more than half the weight of meat, the rest is fat, bones and viscera. Turkey eggs and colorful feathers are much appreciated. Litter of birds become the strongest organic fertilizer. A flock of turkeys can fertilize fields better than any chemical fertilizers and does not accumulate in the human body.
Some people growing turkey poultry at home does not seem to be too profitable. Of course, the maintenance of such large birds requires some effort, knowledge and useful skills. Some breeders find it difficult to grow turkey poultry and think that turkey poultry will die due to the fact that they cannot adapt to another habitat. But, fully providing all the necessary conditions for the habitat of turkey poultry, you can be sure that the most inexperienced owner will fully preserve his own livestock. Particularly vulnerable turkey poults require the greatest care until the first month of life; they need more attention and care than adult birds.
Do not worry about the fact that the chicks will get timely treatment and vaccinations against especially dangerous infections will prevent the diseases of little turkey poults and will not let them die. Pay attention to good nutrition and recommended nutritional supplements, which will lead to rapid growth and weight gain by chicks. So, they will grow up significantly in a short time, and will soon become adult birds. Special recommendations for breeding turkeys allow you to resolve any disputes and ensure good development of young animals by following simple recommendations.
Choosing a breed of turkeys
At home, meat varieties are mainly grown birds. One of these popular varieties is white broad-chested. These are most often individuals of heavy crosses, which from the first month begin to actively gain weight. The mass of an adult male ranges from 25 kg, a turkey weighs about 11 kg. Another meat breed is the Big-6 turkey. Such a breed is considered precocious and by the age of 3 months can weigh 5 kg. From egg directions, you can choose a variety such as tunic. the breed is undemanding for breeding and is suitable for beginner farmers.
In a year, the tunic can produce about 100 eggs. A very beautiful plumage of a variety of turkeys is bronze broad-chested. Many farmers plant such an egg breed solely because of the pretty color of the pen. A bronze broad-chested egg produces an average of 70 eggs per year.Egg white Moscow white outwardly resembles a variety of big turkeys. Egg production of the Moscow breed per year is 105 eggs. birds adapt well to various temperature fluctuations and easily adapt to new living conditions. They are rather whimsical and suitable for beginner breeders.
Special living conditions for turkeys
Where to start breeding turkeys and leaving from the first month to grow young animals without loss. Features of the cultivation are that all the secrets lie in determining how the birds will be raised and where they will be kept, it depends on the nature of the habitat and the purpose of breeding birds. Depending on them, there are various techniques for keeping turkeys. Such techniques are determined even before the organization and construction of the house is started.
Growing turkeys at home in an extensive way involves only Growing young animals in the warm season in the spring they are grown indoors, and until the slaughter in an open pasture. turkeys provide shelter from the rain, this canopy serves them and overnight. To apply this breeding method, it should be remembered that for breeding 1000 individuals, 4 hectares of land are required, which will not require additional fertilizer when they will be cultivated the next year.
The outdoor way of keeping in the poultry house is quite common in farms, but provided that it is additionally insulated, equipped with a fairly bright and spacious, and well ventilated. A place for walking birds is necessarily attached to the house. The cages contain small birds, young individuals and females that sit on eggs. They are equipped with tiers in the room, the paddock is heated and provided with good ventilation.
A place for growing young animals
For young animals, a box, a small paddock, or a spacious cage should not be stagnated, to exclude the appearance of all sorts of ailments. Chips are poured onto the surface of the habitat, and mandatory reusable ventilation is provided because the chicks are very negative about unpleasant odors and stale air. The temperature regime is at least 37 degrees, but as the chicks grow older, it constantly decreases.
Stable lighting and regular litter changes are required. The habitat of the bird is provided with all the necessary equipment and the presence of a heating device, thermometer, which records the temperature. Although wild turkeys can withstand temperatures up to minus 15 degrees.In order to prevent the poultry from freezing, the temperature regime is at least 17 degrees, and turkeys should be provided with heat at least 32 degrees.
Sometimes, beginning farmers are asked the question is, is it worth saving different types of birds in one place to save space and how to grow turkeys in this case? Veterinarians advise to refrain from such a step because different species of birds are susceptible to various infections, and their transmission from one breed to another can dramatically increase the number of diseases . If you still have to keep different types of birds together, you need to build a fence in the room.
To grow turkeys at home was productive, you must adhere to the following rules
- Install a special microclimate in the house. For turkey poults of the first month of life, humidity is inserted at about 75%, and later at least 60%. To reduce the heating fee, the house should be carefully insulated, because individuals do not accept sharp fluctuations in temperature and begin to hurt.
- Provide sufficient light in the houses and if there is not much light, turkey poultry simply can’t find their own food. Adequate nutrition also positively affects the physiological state, weight gain and productivity of the bird. And when the turkey poults reach the age of one and a half months, it is enough to provide them with daylight for 8 hours, and the rest of the time they will rest.
- In order for turkey poults to grow strong and healthy, they need to provide nutritious and regular nutrition . Their food should be enriched with supplements and vitamins, and often give green food in the summer.
- The nature of young birds, like humans, can also become depressed, and some individuals have a quarrelsome character and start fights all the time. Fighters themselves often suffer from conflicts in the house, their squabble neighbors in the house can even affect their health.
- You should be aware that birds should be separated by age, and do not keep more in one pen than it should be. standards for keeping individuals. Up to a month of life, no more than 15 individuals should be kept in one cage, no more than 5-10 birds from two months.
- turkey poults should be provided with a complete feed, while do not immediately change the usual diet, they negatively tolerate a change in quality food and can refuse the offered food that they don’t like.
- The key to health of poultry is full-fledged food, clean water, cleaned house and fresh air.
For equipment perches , they are fixed at a height of not less than 80 cm, and they must be no less behind each other, than 40 cm, so the birds do not disturb each other. Until seven days of age, river sand should be used as bedding, and later that age straw is used. It is disinfected with boiling water and dried well, replacing this litter once every 7 days.If the litter is made of sawdust, then their layer should be no less than 9-15 cm, and it should be without recesses to prevent the chicks from falling.
Until five days of age, only soft feeders are used, from which turkey poultry with weak beaks will be able to eat. To do this, you can apply fabric. In addition to providing external conditions, attention should be paid to the chicks themselves, they should be mobile and well kept on their feet, their umbilical cord should be healed, and by choosing a clean fluff such chicks, you can be sure that they will grow up healthy and strong birds.
How to feed the birds?
How to grow turkey poultry so that individuals always feel comfortable? To ensure rapid weight gain and rearing of all turkeys, you should know how to feed turkey at home. To get healthy meat and egg, you must purposefully choose a diet for young animals. All components must be present in it. In the diet of turkey poults, cereals and legumes should be present; they should make up about 70% of the total feed. Fish, cottage cheese, herbs and potatoes are used as food additives, which are added immediately before serving and in small quantities. small turkeys are fed 7 times a day, and older turkeys 4 times a day.
Adult turkeys are fed 3 times a day in the morning or in the afternoon they are given vegetable mixtures and herbs, at the end of the day grain. Compound feed is mixed with greens and is given in a combined form.In the warm season, turkeys graze in an open area, and greens will be an excellent addition to the diet and a source of minerals and vitamins. Regular walks will help the bird to cope better and fat will not grow to it. In the cold season, animal fats are added to the diet, which include vitamins A and E, and in order to avoid a deficiency of vitamins, farmers make brooms from branches and simply hang them in the house, or grind them and add to the feed. Green hay is included in the diet and occasionally turkey poultry is fed with sauerkraut.
The following components are included in the diet of turkey poults
- Legumes and cereals.
- Soy branches and cake.
- Flour from meat, bones, blood and fish.
- Needles of fir or pine.
You should know that during the mating season the appetite is disturbed in the birds, and their screams are heard all over the street. In order not to lose weight gain, males can be fed with cottage cheese, add fresh herbs and grain.turkey is added to the food to increase the number of eggs, yeast and sprouted grain. birds are fed with water at a comfortable temperature, which is changed every five hours, several times a week they are fed with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Drinking bowls and feeders should be cleaned and wiped dry, they are not exposed to the sun, but only in the shade. turkey poultry is fed oat flakes, corn flour and milk powder in a separate bowl for them to pour gravel.
How to grow young turkeys at home? It is better not to place the chicks along with individuals of other species of birds and you should always monitor the cleanliness and order and regularly change the litter. To grow little turkey poultry, there is a technology, choosing chicks, pay attention to their activity and well-groomed appearance.
It should be remembered that although there is a lot of trouble with small chicks, you just need to feed and give clean water regularly why they provide rapid weight gain and care will be easier. Often, breeding turkeys begins as a hobby, and then becomes a source of stable income and even an entire industry arises. It is only important to know all the intricacies of breeding turkeys in the home yard and how best to grow daily turkeys from the first day. With useful information, you can correctly calculate whether it is beneficial or not, what kind of breeding scheme is there. With the right calculations, you can make good money by breeding turkeys.