Avoiding the emergence and spread of bacteria and viruses that cause animal deaths in rabbit farms helps cell disinfection for rabbits in rabbitry.
- About the need for disinfection
- Chemical treatment
- Cell firing
- Quarantine processing
- Against Salmonella
- Against staphylococci
- Against pasteurellosis
- Against listeriosis
On the need for disinfection
Most viral microorganisms are stable in activity and are able to survive with p in different conditions, whether it is elevated or low temperatures.Often, some infectious microorganisms are not exposed to chemical compounds and can not be treated with specialized disinfectants.All this serves as a fertile ground for the development and spread of diseases of various etiologies, which are exclusively controlled by disinfecting measures, and specific direction.
Microorganisms harmful to the animal organism can transmit infectious diseases through cut household equipment, technical tools and cages that contain rabbits. Experienced rabbit breeders, in order to avoid animal diseases, carry out disinfection at home of rabbit holding places at least 1 time every six months.
Obligatory disinfection is required for rabbit cages, premises of rabbitry, where they are kept and household equipment in cases when:
- young animals are transplanted into common cages for adult animals,
- planned rabbit rabbits,
- quarantined after a period of rabbit disease.
At the initial stage, the disinfection procedure includes a number of preparatory and cleaning measures:
- rabbit cages are thoroughly cleaned of accumulated droppings,
- all dirt accumulated in the room is swept away, where rabbits are kept,
- rabbit litter is cleaned of garbage.
For these preparatory measures, before carrying out the basic disinfection procedures, brushes and brooms, small shovels and scrapers, buckets and other containers.
For disinfection, chemicals and spray tanks are needed.
Cells in rabbits are often disinfected using specialized chemicals funds, among which the most popular is 10 % solution of bleach. You can make it yourself at home, but you can buy a ready-made disinfectant, sold in veterinary pharmacies.
A solution of bleach is applied with a wide paint brush to the surface of all parts of the cell and the room wall.Instead of bleach, you can use ash liquor sold in specialized pharmacies, ordinary iodine, or manganese.
After the disinfecting measures are completed, the room where the animals live is properly ventilated and the rabbit cages are washed several times with running water .
A number of rabbit breeders prefer a 40% aerosol formaldehyde solution as a means of disinfecting cells in rabbits. Using formaldehyde, excellent disinfecting results are achieved with room humidity of at least 60%, heating the solution itself to a temperature of at least 15 ° C.
With excessively dry air, clean water is sprayed in the room treated with formaldehyde, creating additional moisturizing.
A formaldehyde solution is sprayed onto the surface of the cells and walls of the rabbitry premises where rabbits are kept using a spray gun. This is done in such a way that 10 ml of formaldehyde is produced per cubic meter.
Cell roasting with open flame is one of the most common ways to disinfect rabbit cells in Experienced rabbit breeders who can be disinfected at home. Exposure to elevated temperatures is detrimental to the viability of microorganisms. All bacteria, viral infections and parasitic larvae die under the flood of fire.
Most often, rabbit cages are disinfected by fire firing when they consist of wooden structures.
Glass and ceramics are not recommended to be disinfected using fire firing.
With this type of disinfection, a blowtorch or gas burner is used. Before proceeding directly to the process of firing by fire, the details of the cell are thoroughly cleaned and wiped. Disinfection lasts no more than a few minutes and ends when the tree takes on a slightly brownish hue.
When processing cells by firing, we must not forget about fire safety measures, removing all flammable objects from the area of visibility.
Disinfection of rabbit cells and premises after quarantine, when cases of the disease of individuals were noted, is mandatory. Another reason for this treatment is the mass death of rabbits. The means used for this are selected for each infectious disease.
After the cases of salmonellosis are recorded, the rabbit house must be disinfected using one of the following means:
- hot sodium with a concentration of 2.5%;
- formaldehyde solution with a concentration of 2%;
- slaked lime with a concentration of 20%;
- chloramine with a concentration of 3%.
Chemicals are calculated per liter per cubic meter of continuous surface. Disinfection is carried out at intervals of 5 days until the infection is completely eradicated.
To carry out treatment against staphylococcal infection, the following drugs are used:
- formaldehyde with concentration of 4%;
- chloramine with a concentration of 2%;
- dump with a concentration of 8%.
For each cubic meter of cell area you need 20 ml of concentrated facilities. For aerosol treatment with a formaldehyde solution, a concentration of 25% is taken. The treated surfaces are aged for at least 3 hours and then washed with water.
In the fight against pasteurellosis, one of the following agents is usually used :
- hydrated lime with a concentration of 20%;
- formaldehyde solution with a concentration of 0.5%;
- chlorine solution with a concentration of 2%;
- hot xylonaphth with a concentration of 2%.
Against listeriosis infection, you can choose calcined hot soda with a concentration of 16 % lib formaldehyde solution with a concentration of 20%.
These chemicals are used with intervals of 10 days prior to the complete destruction of symptoms of an infectious disease. Everyone chooses the right solution for himself, based on personal preferences and capabilities.
In the case of negative samples for the presence of bacteria after an infectious disease, removal of quarantine restrictions from the rabbit farm, the rabbit houses and household equipment and tools are treated with the same preparations as during the initial processing. All rooms and surfaces are washed with hot water, to which concentrated soda ash in 1.5-2% or iodine with a concentration of 5% is added. Rabbits are started after the cells have completely dried.