Valentine’s white cabbage is a late hybrid that has gained popularity among gardeners in a short time. The variety was zoned in 2004 for the Central region of the Russian Federation.
- Variety characteristic
- Description of the head
- Use of the vegetable
- Care <
Valentina F1 is a hybrid of late ripeness with large heads of cabbage that retain their taste for a long time. According to the characteristics, the variety has a ripening time of 140-170 days The crop easily tolerates a short-term drop in temperature and even a sharp cooling.
The crop yield is about 700-800 tons per 1 ha. Cabbage germination is not less than 90% of the total number of plantings, but an annual purchase of sowing is required material, because the hybrid does not repeat the properties of the maternal varieties.
Description of the head
The head has a characteristic structure:
- it is round, very dense, medium-large at the stage of technical ripeness;
- white cob, outer – medium-sized, inside rennyaya – short;
- leafy rosette raised type;
- leaves gently rolling the edges, covered with a pronounced waxy coating.
The mass of ripened head of cabbage is on average 2.8-4 kg, ripening lasts until steady frosts. Cabbage is not prone to cracking and has a high level of transportability.
Valentina F1 cabbage has excellent taste qualities that persist throughout the entire time (even after thawing). The excellent presentation of the hybrid is supported by stable keeping quality – vegetables are stored from October (harvesting time) until mid-spring, in some cases, storage lasts up to 10 months.
The variety is perfect both for fresh consumption and for canning ( winter salads, fermentation, etc.) It is preferable to consume vegetables after several months of storage, when the residual bitterness leaves the leaves.
Valentine cabbage is grown using seedlings according to 70 x 40 pattern. Hybrid, like all late-ripening varieties, bit thickening, so you can not exceed the maximum planting density of 4 plants per 1 square. m. Ideal for growing are peaty and loamy soils that retain moisture well.
Valentina F1 cabbage is photophilous, so for its cultivation it is preferable to choose a flat surface with good illumination throughout the day. When planting, crop rotation should also be considered: it is not necessary to determine seedlings in the beds, where before there were other cruciferous ones.It is better to choose the places where vegetables such as onions, potatoes, cucumbers or tomatoes grew.
The optimum air temperature for the crop is 15-19 ° C. Seedlings can withstand temperatures down to -3 ° C, adult bushes – up to -8 ° C. At temperatures above 30 °, Valentine F1 cabbage stops heading and may even die.
After planting in open ground, seedlings need standard care:
- systematic watering with warm water (they are carried out late in the evening or very early in the morning) and sprinkling;
- regular fertilizing (three times during cultivation);
- timely weeding (weeds can be carriers of the disease or contain slugs);
- loosening the soil and hilling to strengthen the root system;
- preventive I am a treatment against insect pests and various diseases.
The culture is immune to many types of diseases:
- fusarium wilt (yellowness );
- black stalk (rhizoctonia);
- black spotting (alternariosis);
- white and gray rot.
The hybrid is medium resistant to keel – the most common and dangerous fungal disease of cabbage, radish, turnip, etc.This fungus is a problem for anyone who has ever planted cruciferous. Spores can be in suspended animation for several decades before infection.
Infection occurs with planting material and organic fertilizers (this can be caused by excessive moisture and acidity of the soil). Kila promotes the growth of tumors on the roots, blocking the movement of moisture in the root system, which is why the seedling quickly dies. After detection of the fungus, it is necessary to quickly disinfect the soil with the use of slaked lime, get rid of weeds and burn the affected plants.
The greatest danger to the valentine cabbage is represented by vertex rot and pinpoint necrosis. The characteristic of these non-communicable diseases contains the characteristics of the lesion and methods of combating them:
- Vertex rot is a disease provoked by the larvae of the cabbage fly. Its development is facilitated by an excess of fertilizers with a nitrogen content and a deficiency of calcium in the soil. When the plant is affected by vertex rot, a sharp death of the edges of the upper leaves of cabbage occurs. If a disease is detected, the soil around the seedling is treated with tobacco dust and phosphate rock.
- Point necrosis appears under conditions of improper care and storage. The disease is a cosmetic defect in the form of dark spots on sheets that worsen the presentation of the vegetable. Necrosis is contagious, i.e.is transmitted from one head to the other, so when it is detected it is necessary to urgently destroy the affected vegetables.
The culture is affected by such pests:
- Cruciferous (cabbage) flea. She eats holes in the leaves, can eat them completely.
- Larvae of a butterfly-whitish. These pests eat leaves throughout the daylight hours.
- Slug. It eats at night and can cause extremely serious damage to more than half of the crop.
- Cabbage fly larvae. They spoil the root system.
- Caterpillars of the cabbage moth. They feed on the tissues of the leaves of the plant.
The struggle is complicated by the fact that insects are usually difficult to find under the leaves or inside the head, so regular inspection and manual collection of insects is an important point of caring for the crop. eggs and larvae.
Treatment with insecticides (Actellik, Karate, Bankol, Bi-58, Decis, hexochloran solution) or folk remedies (vinegar solution) are also practiced. , wormwood infusion, ash, tobacco dust, naphthalene, hot pepper broth).
Valentine’s description of cabbage reveals its strengths: high yield, good keeping quality, pleasant taste.
It is easy to plant cabbage and grow it, the main thing is to adhere to the basic care recommendations and cure diseases in time .