Pigs are susceptible to many diseases, so they must be vaccinated even if they do not come in contact with other animals of their own. Vaccinations for piglets are done according to a certain scheme, the violation of which is fraught with negative consequences. Consider which vaccinations for piglets are mandatory and when young animals need to be vaccinated.
- Is vaccination really needed
- Vaccination of newborns
- Prevention of anemia
- Prevention of rickets
- Prevention of salmonellosis
- Prevention of pasteurellosis
- Prevention of plague
- Prevention of worms
- Vaccination of monthly pigs
- Prevention of leptospirosis
- Prevention of erysipelas
- Prevention of encephalitis
- Prevention of Aujeszky’s disease
- Prevention of foot and mouth disease
- Vaccination of sows
- General preventive measures
- Conclusion <
Do I really need vaccination
Caring for piglets involves vaccination. In industrial cultivation, piglets are vaccinated from birth, but when it comes to keeping artiodactyls at home, many ignore this recommendation of specialists. It should be understood that there are dangerous diseases that are transmitted by airborne droplets (erysipelas, for example). Even if sick pigs are on the other side of the village, an epidemic can reach your home.This is the reason why pigs should be vaccinated against dangerous diseases that cannot be treated.
Before you start vaccinating animals, you should study the characteristics of the breed. Today there are breeds (Hungarian Mangalitsa, for example) that are resistant to almost all diseases.
You can vaccinate pigs from birth at home on their own, or you can use a specialist. The second option is more preferable. With some clinics, you can conclude an agreement according to which the specialist will come to the house and vaccinate animals, according to the vaccination scheme for piglets. In this case, the farmer does not have to follow the timing of the vaccinations: the specialist himself will remind you that the time is right.
Vaccination of newborns
In the early days, no injections should be given with the fact that the body of newborn pigs is very weak. Inoculations to newborn piglets begin at least 3 days after birth. The first vaccinations of piglets can be done at home on their own. But it is better for the veterinarian to supervise the process. If something goes wrong, he can help.
Prevention of anemia
The first vaccination of piglets takes place somewhere on the 4th day after birth. If the body has not yet matured, then it is better to postpone it for 3-4 days. According to the vaccination table, piglets are first vaccinated against anemia. Vaccination is done behind the ear. Use a solution of iron Ferranimal.An alternative may be Ferroglukin. The drug is administered intramuscularly. An anemia vaccine is given for 3 consecutive days. It is advisable to administer the drug in the morning. If iron deficiency is diagnosed in pigs, then a solution of iron sulfate and copper sulfate are added to their diet. Drugs are diluted in boiled water.
Each pig is soldered with the drug separately. If you pour the medicine into the drinker, some pigs will drink more than the norm, while others may not even touch the solution at all.
Prevention of rickets
After 10 days, they are vaccinated against rickets. As a vaccine, any preparations containing potassium and calcium are suitable. You need to be vaccinated even in the absence of signs of bone weakness. In order to prevent the onset and development of rickets, in addition to vaccination, crushed chalk, shell, fish oil or limestone are added to animal feed.
You can also perform a quartz process. But it will be effective only if the pig takes a 14-day course (1 day – procedure, 1 day – rest). Quartzing is allowed after the newborn reaches 10 days of age.
Prevention of salmonellosis
One of the most important vaccinations is the salmonellosis vaccine. This disease is not fatal, but it is severe and can lead to complications. It is transmitted by airborne droplets. The farm may have healthy pigs carrying Salmonella.Therefore, it is so important to vaccinate against this ailment.
Vaccination takes place in 2 stages. The first vaccine is given at the age of 20 days. Repeat the procedure after a week. During vaccination, drugs are used that prevent the development of not only salmonellosis, but also pasteurellosis with streptococcosis. All 3 diseases are infectious. Suigard is effective against salmonellosis.
Piglets can be vaccinated against pasteurellosis separately using PPD and SPS. When using the drug, the instructions follow. When using the PPD preparation, vaccination is carried out twice with an interval of 6 days. 4 g of vaccine is injected into one pig. As for the drug ATP, vaccination occurs three times. The interval between the first two vaccinations is 8 days. The third vaccine is given to the piglet only after 30 days.
In addition to the above medicines, newborn piglets should be given vitamins. Oil solutions are popular, which is enough to give 1 ml per piglet.
Prevention of plague
Plague is perhaps the most dangerous disease for pigs . It is extremely difficult to treat and spreads very quickly. When infected with plague, almost all artiodactyls living in the barn become infected in a short time, so it is so important to prevent an epidemic. The swine fever vaccine is effective and affordable.
When should piglets be vaccinated against the plague? In theory, it is possible to vaccinate against this ailment already on the 20th day. But experts recommend vaccinating pigs at the age of 40 days. Some sources write that it is necessary to prick pigs from the plague in 1.5 months. If, until this time, a plague epidemic does not start in the pigsty, then the option is acceptable. However, it is better not to take risks, since the immunity of young pigs has not yet been formed.
Regardless of when the first injection was made, revaccination is carried out. The vaccine against swine fever is reintroduced after 45 days. The medicine is sold in powder form. Before use, the vaccine against classical swine fever should be diluted. Plain water cannot be used for this, therefore, in addition to medicine, saline is also acquired.
The anti-plague drug VNIIViM has established itself on the market. SUIMUN CSF LK-M and KS vaccines are also popular. Before buying a vaccine, you should always consult a veterinarian who probably knows which strain is the most effective in the region.
In addition to the classic plague, the danger is African. On the territory of our country, this disease is rarely found. Unfortunately, there is no cure for it today. To protect animals from the African plague, you need to provide quality care for them and observe hygiene standards in pigsties.
Prevention of worms
Vaccinations for piglets from worms must be done. These parasites do not cause dangerous diseases, but they can provoke a violation of the digestive tract, and this is fraught with slow weight gain. In addition, some helminths are quite dangerous and can provoke serious diseases.
Vaccination of pigs from worms occurs on the 8th day of their life. There are many antihelminthic agents on the market.Before buying, it is advisable to consult a veterinarian. Panakur and Dektomaks are popular. These are foreign drugs, which affects pricing. But they still remain the best in the market. They administer the medicine in accordance with the instructions.
Deworming involves the use of any one medicine. After 11 weeks, the deworming procedure is repeated.
At this, the vaccinations for the small pigs are finished. The remaining drugs are administered to individuals who have reached the age of 1 month.
Vaccination of monthly piglets
Most of the vaccinations are given to piglets up to a month. However, there are those that need to be affixed after. These include drugs against:
- foot and mouth disease;
Prevention of leptospirosis
Leptospirosis is an infectious disease that is transmitted by airborne droplets. It is very dangerous for pigs, so it is so important to carry out prophylaxis in a timely manner, which involves the introduction of the drug VGNKI.
Vaccinations are given to piglets at 1.5 months of age. Re-enter the drug exactly after 7 days. It is very important to observe a certain interval between injections. If revaccination is not done, the effect of the first injection may disappear.
Prevention of erysipelas
In the interval between 60 and 70 days they give an injection from erysipelas.This skin disease causes a lot of inconvenience to animals. Powdered dry erysipelas vaccine is available. Accordingly, it must be diluted. Water cannot be used for dilution; only saline is permissible. Dilute the medicine according to the instructions, after which they put an injection behind the ear.
Repeat the injection against erysipelas, you need 2 more times. Inject 1 ml of the vaccine after 1 month after the first vaccination. After another 5 months, an injection is given again (1 ml).
Prevention of encephalitis
Encephalitis is a dangerous disease that in most cases leads to the death of piglets. Only small pigs are sick at the age of 1 month to 3 years. If we talk about the list of mandatory injections, then an injection from encephalitis or, as it is also called, Teshen’s disease is not included in their number. Each farmer must decide for himself how important this procedure is. But experts recommend to play it safe and plant young animals. Inoculate pigs at 2 months of age. There is no need to re-inject.
Prevention of Aujeszky’s disease
Aujeszky is a disease that is characteristic only of pigs. It affects the central nervous system of animals. The list of mandatory vaccines for an aujeszky shot is not. But in order to protect young and adult artiodactyls, it is advisable to instill them with a special drug in 2 weeks of age. Re-inject 20 days later. Dry vaccine culture vaccine is used for vaccination.
It is important to know that it is extremely difficult to treat the disease. The probability of death exceeds 90%.
Prevention of foot and mouth disease
Another injection that is not on the standard schedule is an injection against foot and mouth disease. This injection does not belong to the list of mandatory, due to the fact that the disease is quite rare. However, if the pigs are sick, it is quite difficult to cure them. In addition, the disease is severe.
It is necessary to prick young animals at the age of 90 days. Calculate the dose of the drug based on the mass of the animal.
We have listed far from all diseases, focusing only on the most dangerous. But recently, farmers are increasingly faced with circovirus infection, so it will not be amiss to vaccinate against it.
Vaccination of sows
Since how much the sow is healthy depends the health of piglets, let’s say a few words about vaccinating sows.
Before insemination, they give an injection of erysipelas every 5 months, conduct deworming twice a year, and vaccinate against plague once a year. Immediately a week before insemination, medications containing iron are administered. And a week and a half before insemination they put an ivermek shot. This medicine is for all types of parasites: worms, hypodermic gadfly, lice, etc. The drug is also used to prevent certain skin diseases.
During pregnancy, a salmonella shot is given to the sow twice (45 and 35 days before farrowing) )A month before the birth of piglets, pregnant pigs are vaccinated against erysipelas and injected with ivermek. After farrowing, no medicine is administered to the animal.
General preventive measures
The biggest enemy of animals is infections. Caring for artiodactyls at home involves maintaining cleanliness in the pigsty. This reduces the risk of an epidemic of infectious diseases. Systematically need to disinfect the premises. And if there was an epidemic on the farm, then after its completion, they absolutely disinfect all the premises.
There are breeds that are resistant to disease. These include Karmaly, Hampshire pigs, Semirennaya breed, Vietnamese Whiskers. Many mistakenly believe that Vietnamese pigs are resistant to various diseases. They really have a fairly strong immunity, but vaccinations to Vietnam piglets from dangerous diseases still need to be done. But the Hungarian Mangalits do not need vaccination, only helminths and lice are a danger to them. But pigs of this breed are expensive, and it is difficult to get them because of the small population.
Piglets that have already been vaccinated should not be in the same room with unvaccinated young animals.
We figured out what vaccinations pigs are given from birth and which need to be given to mature pigs.Buy vaccines for pigs must be in specialized stores. It is extremely important to pay attention to the date of manufacture before buying. No need to buy medicines whose validity has already expired.
When choosing a vaccine, among other things, it is important to pay attention to the manufacturer. The Spanish company hipra has established itself in the market. Her medicines are more expensive than domestic, but they are much more effective.