Pig breed Roaster is characterized by high productivity and interesting appearance: curly pigs look quite attractive. The breed is undemanding in content and perfectly adapts to any climate. Mangal pig was selected for the production of meat with a minimum fat content.
- Home Information
- Growing Features
- Where to store
- Feeding Features
- Pros and cons of the breed
- Pigsty requirements
- Conclusion <
Mangal pigs appeared in 1833 as a result of crossing wild representatives with the Carpathian brazier.
Mangal pigs have several advantages. Since, unlike relatives, a pig of the Mangal breed is rapidly gaining weight, an adult boar can weigh about 300 kg.These pigs are classified as elite herbivorous species. Large pig farms or experienced breeders have been working with artiodactyls for more than a year. Mangal piglets are extremely popular, and their cost is relatively high.
Mangal pigs are divided into 4 subspecies depending on the coat color. Mostly pigs of the Mangal breed are white, this color is characteristic of 80% of the representatives. The remaining 20% is accounted for by individuals of the Mangal red pig breed (see photo), mixed and black.Unfortunately, all these representatives, except for the whites, are now on the verge of extinction.
After birth, piglets have striped hair. In the first month of life, it gradually disappears. Even newborn piglets are distinguished by good immunity and resistance to cold, therefore in winter they can safely be in a wooden room without additional heating.
Description of external characteristics:
- medium-sized ears;
- curly thick hair;
- maximum weight – 300 kg;
- the body is strong;
- good muscle mass with a minimum of fat;
- strong, thin limbs.
Features of growing
To improve the quality of meat, males are neutered. During puberty, a powerful release of estrogens and endogenes occurs, as a result of which a characteristic unpleasant odor appears in the meat. It is recommended to carry out the resection of the gonads at the age of one month. This procedure also promotes accelerated growth, so sometimes females are sterilized.
Mangals pigs reach puberty in six months. The sow hatches the offspring 120 days. If farrow is not the first, then in one pregnancy, a pig can tolerate more than 12 babies. After 5 days, the piglet is able to eat liquid talkers. At the age of one month, root crops and greens can already be introduced into the diet.
In order for pigs to feel normal in the cold season, it is necessary to provide them with a balanced diet. The diet should include such products:
- root crops and hay – 70%;
- chestnuts, acorns – 30%;
- liquid vitamins and minerals.
It is very important that pigs receive a sufficient amount of feed, but in no case should they be overfed. An excess of feed, as well as a deficiency, is harmful to animal health: they can even die from overeating. Piglets are weaned when they reach 4 weeks of age. To increase productivity, mating is carried out on the 5-7th day after weaning.
Piglets of the Mangal breed have good immunity, so they can not be vaccinated. Braziers are friendly to other inhabitants of the farmyard, as well as to people.
Where to keep
Pigs of the Brazier breed are large in size, respectively, they need a place for keeping and walking a lot of. Mangal piglets are kept in a fenced area. Walking is organized in places with dense vegetation, so that pigs can regale themselves with greens when they feel like it.
A separate canopy must be installed on the territory of the walk so that the pigs can hide from rain and heat. For winter maintenance it is necessary to build a barn. Litter of straw or hay is placed on the floor of the barn. No additional heating is required.
A pig shed is best built from wood.The pigsty needs to be equipped with a ventilation system. An important point in the maintenance of pigs is to maintain an optimal microclimate in the room, it is also important to prevent unsanitary conditions. Litter must be changed regularly.
Barbecues are omnivores. Contrary to stereotypes, these representatives do not need a lot of food at all. The basis of the pig carcass is muscle mass. Under good conditions, Mangalians gain 600 g per day.
If there is no way to walk pigs, you need to prepare food for them yourself. Mumps need enough greens, so you have to mow grass for them. Also, the diet should have a sufficient amount of vegetables:
Braziers can consume almost all vegetation, including not only vegetables, but also fruits. The only prohibition is apricots: their bones cause poisoning in pets. All vegetable crops and fruits must be grated and only then given to pigs. In order for piglets to grow faster, they introduce cereals into the diet.
When a pet reaches a weight of 150 kg, you need to diversify the diet and monitor its balance: with a lack of nutrients, growth can stop completely. In order for pigs to learn to get their own fodder, they must be accustomed to this at an early age.The ideal option is when the pigs go for a walk with their mother.
Pros and cons of the breed
Reviews of those who contain pigs of the Mangal breed are mostly positive. Breeders are pleased with the simplicity of the maintenance and care of these pigs. The main advantages are the good adaptability of the representatives of this breed to any climatic conditions and cost-effectiveness in terms of feeding.
Breeders note that the meat of Mangals is much more tender than that of other pigs and practically does not have fat. The cons include the high price of purebred individuals. In addition, they are very difficult to get. Such a pig can cost more than 12,000 rubles. It all depends on the pedigree.
Nevertheless, even at a relatively high price, representatives of the Brazier variety are quite in demand. If you fork out once and purchase several individuals, then in the future they can be bred without any problems on their own. Another disadvantage is the requirements for the area for keeping: for large-sized pigs, large areas for walking are needed.
A large room is required for keeping pigs of the Mangal breed. The area will depend on the number of livestock. For a comfortable stay one individual needs 5 square meters. Many people say that Mangalov can be kept on the street, even in winter, but animals still need to hide from frost, especially if they are small pigs.
Particular attention should be paid to laying the floor. For a small number of pigs, you can make an earthen mound and lay it on top of the board. For large livestock, the best option is a concrete crevice coating. It is not recommended to choose a porous material for flooring: it will absorb animal waste products, which will aggravate the smell. When laying the floor, you need to build gutters for the feces of urine and urine.
It is very important to organize good ventilation of the room. Mainly used supply and exhaust structures. Illumination also plays an important role: in overly lit rooms, pigs become restless. The number of windows will directly depend on the floor area.
In the pigsty you need to organize the supply of water. This is necessary to ensure hygiene standards and will greatly simplify cleaning, especially if you make the floor under a slight slope. The air temperature in winter should not fall below zero. Braziers are distinguished by good immunity, therefore, the installation of heating equipment is not required.
You can learn more detailed information from the video – the breed of pigs braziers.
Such pigs have huge advantages over other species. Their breeding does not require special expenses, because even with large dimensions of the feed they consume much less in comparison with other varieties. Mangal pigs are quick in weight gain. The adult boar reaches 300 kg.
When breeding pigs Mangal for meat, it is necessary to carry out the resection of the sex glands. This procedure significantly accelerates weight gain and improves meat quality. Dimensional animals need large areas for walking.
Buying a purebred piglet of the Mangal breed is quite problematic. Unfortunately, individuals of red, mixed and black colors were on the verge of extinction. Mostly they grow them on large pig farms. The cost of piglets of this species is very high.