Today, there are about 30 breeds of turkeys, one of them is a breed of Victoria turkeys. This is a hybrid breed. Victoria turkeys were bred specifically so that they could be started on small-scale farms. Sometimes they are kept in rooms that are specially equipped at the poultry farm.
- How did the breed appear?
- Indicators of meat and fat
- External characteristics of the breed
- How to maintain it?
- Feeding Victoria Turkeys
How did the breed appear?
The Victoria turkey breed life, thanks to two lines. Their ancestral birds are distinguished by a massive physique and an enviable speed in development. Also, the ancestors of the Victoria breed gave the breed the opportunity to actively increase weight even at a young age. Broad-chested turkeys were selected to obtain this hybrid. Females were taken by those that showed the highest rates of egg laying .
Breeders specially worked to ensure that the breed of Victoria turkeys felt normal at the cage, although it is obvious that they feel even better in free conditions . Turkey turkeys, their characteristic is that the birds are even more viable than their ancestors, respectively, and the benefits of breeding it are greater.
Indicators of meat and fat
2014 , thanks to specialists who worked on raising Victoria turkeys, it became clear what qualities of meat and fat are characteristic of this breed. We examined Victoria turkeys, who were 100 days old.
Samples of white and red meat (from the calf muscle) were made.The following indicators were monitored in the laboratory:
- moisture level;
- amount of fat;
- amount of total nitrogen;
- proteins of the connective and muscle nature;
- the level of toxicity of the product.
The result of the study was the conclusion that the product has high biological value regarding the muscle mass of this cross. It turned out that the product has a high proportion of fatty unsaturated acids, which also shows the high quality of the product. The fat contained in the turkey is easily absorbed. The toxicity level is normal.
External characteristics of the breed
Victoria turkey breed was bred specifically to breed them in small areas. They are suitable for a small poultry farm or for home breeding.
Description of the breed. An adult weighs 13 kg, if it is a turkey, a turkey weighs about 9 kg. An adult turkey is 13 kilograms one that turned 20-22 weeks old. The physique of this cross-country is harmonious, characterized by compactness. The muscular system is very well developed. These birds are white and wide-chested, seen in the photo and video.
In seven days, Victoria turkeys can please the owner with 4-5 eggs, that is, all her reproductive time, she will bring about 85 eggs. At the same time, 97% of the eggs will be fertilized. The weight of one egg is 87 grams.
This cross survives well too. Up to sixteen weeks, survival is 94%.It is important to note that the remaining 6% die, as a rule, not from the disease, but due to injury.
In addition to these high rates, a high level of stress resistance of turkeys can be noted. They feel great in different conditions of detention, are not picky about feed. But, of course, it’s still important to consider some recommendations for nutrition and maintenance if you want to get healthy turkeys.
In general, adult individuals are able to live in unheated places, while they feel normal. They like to walk in almost any weather conditions. They have strong immunity, which perfectly protects them from any infections .
How to properly contain it?
Despite the fact that the cross is unpretentious to the conditions in which it is contained, it is important to know that the better conditions you provide them with, the more healthy the bird you get in the end.
An ordinary turkey turkey is suitable for life of Victoria turkeys. There is absolutely no need to equip it so that it is possible to set different temperatures, if we are not talking about chicks. But important conditions for such a room are its dryness, normal access to light and the absence of drafts.
Hay or straw can be used as bedding, of course, they need to be replaced from time to time.
In order for turkeys’ defenses not to weaken, and so that they do not have excess weight, they need regular walking. The location where the birds will walk can be fenced with a relatively high fence, and take care of the awning from rainy weather.
To keep the turkeys high egg production, you need to make them comfortable in the place where the eggs hatch. One such nest should not have more than five turkeys. A roof will be needed above this place, it’s good if it is of a sloping nature so that the birds can’t hatch on it. The place where this nest will stand must be quiet and dark.
There will be no fights in turkey poultry if each bird has at least 20 cm of personal space near the place where they receive food. The same goes for drinkers. Water in drinking bowls should always be, of course, it is important to monitor its cleanliness.
In the house you will need a box that will be filled with sand and ash. At this point, birds can clean their feathers. So they independently fight against parasites.
In the house you will need perches , on which birds usually spend the night.
Feeding Victoria Turkeys
Track Feeding turkeys for Victoria, famous Russian frosts, and in the first eight weeks after the birth of turkeys should be protected from the cold. During this period, they quickly gain weight and need a lot of energy.
The first ten days of turkey poults should receive food every couple of hours, then the amount of food becomes less. Victoria turkeys, their reviews are good, raising Victoria breed turkeys is beneficial for enterprises.