For tomatoes use many fertilizers. Their use during planting and growth is very important for this crop. The effectiveness of the growing process depends on it. Chicken manure for feeding tomatoes is one of the most effective organic products. Therefore, many gardeners choose it.
- Benefits of chicken litter
- Availability <
- Usefulness <
- Organizationality <
- Long validity period
- Efficiency <
- Universality <
- When to fertilize
- How to fertilize
- Dry top dressing
- Granular droppings
- Liquid top dressing
- Some features
- Conclusion <
Benefits of chicken droppings
Among the advantages of this tool are:
Most gardeners have this top dressing available, because almost every farmer has hens, they are bred in dachas. Therefore, fertilizer is usually readily available and free.
Chicken litter has a valuable composition. The main beneficial substances are nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus and magnesium. Their concentration in the litter is three times higher than that of other organic substances. For example, in cow dung. In addition, it is worth noting such components as boron, zinc, copper, cobalt.
Feeding with chicken droppings contributes to the rapid growth of green mass of tomatoes, the formation of large ovaries, healthy fruiting. Bioactive components of auxins provide good growth.
Regulates soil acidity, restores microflora.
If it is unacceptable for the gardener the use of chemicals, they can be replaced by chicken excrement. When used, they are almost not compromised by complex mineral preparations.
Soil that has been fertilized with bird droppings will contain beneficial substances for up to two years. After all, they are slowly released from this fertilizer. Therefore, next year it can not be used, and the soil will be fertile.
After feeding, its effect will be noticeable after 1-2 weeks.
With this tool you can fertilize not only tomatoes, but also a variety of plant species.
When to fertilize
before planting in the ground Feeding tomatoes with chicken droppings is done before planting and during the growing season.
Vysad from seedlings produced in the pre-prepared soil. This can begin to be done in the fall after harvest.And you can fertilize in the spring about two weeks before planting. In this case, top dressing is used in a dry form.
Liquid fertilizers are used to feed tomatoes during the period of growth and fruiting. They are used 2-3 times per season. The first time – three weeks after planting seedlings, when it is well already strong. The second time – in a month. You can feed a third time, if the plants need it. Indeed, under adverse conditions, tomatoes can develop poorly. And the livelihood of chickens will be very useful to them during this period.
We must be careful and observe the behavior of tomato bushes. If the use of chicken droppings leads to the fact that the tomatoes began to build up too much green mass (leaves and stems became thicker), it is worth stopping it. Otherwise, it will not bring benefits – the crop will not be plentiful. And the next portion of the product can be applied after 10 days, but not with mineral preparations. To establish the correct metabolism, you can use the ash infusion.
How to fertilize
The funds are applied in different ways – in the form of dry and liquid fertilizers.
Dry top dressing
If you want to fertilize the soil in the fall, you can use dry chicken droppings. It is necessary to moisten it slightly, evenly distribute it on the bed and level it. On 5 sq.m. 3-5 kg are taken. Experienced gardeners recommend adding more sand or wood ash. The bed in this form is left until the spring digging.
In order to saturate the soil with useful substances, bird manure is scattered in the spring in the bed. After that, the soil is dug, introducing top dressing in depth. Use dry compost or granular chicken droppings.
To make compost, chicken droppings are placed on the litter from the remains of garden plants, leaves and grass. Due to the fact that methane is released from bird excrement, the heap temperature will be high and the processing process in it will go very quickly. It is necessary to lay a bunch in the fall. Then, urea will come out of it before spring, since ammonia will evaporate. On 1 sq.m. they take 3.5 kg of such a remedy.
You can alternate the compost layers with horse manure, then the pile will not dry for a long time. Fertilizer ripens in 1.5 months, if it is not very compacted. Otherwise, it will take about 6 months.
Not all gardeners have a litter of these feathered houses. But it can be purchased in the form of dry granules.This remedy has certain advantages, namely:
- there is no unpleasant odor;
- does not contain weed seeds;
- there are no helminth eggs;
- nitrogen is not lost during storage;
- take up little space (swell when in contact with the liquid);
- contribute to a 2-fold increase in yield;
- in dry weather give away moisture to the soil;
- long shelf life;
- suitable for all plants.
The granules are applied to the soil dry (100-300 g per 1 sq. .m.) or soaked in water. They are scattered on the soil, and then lightly sprinkled with it. In the future, you must ensure that neither seeds nor seedlings come into contact with fertilizing.
This fertilizer is also suitable during the growing season of the plant.
Fertilizers from the litter can be prepared by fermentation, infusion and soaking.
Recently, special substances have been sold that accelerate the fermentation process. They became available to the average person, because before that this method was used only by large poultry farms. Therefore, the process of preparing dressings from chicken manure has been greatly simplified. Its essence is that pallets are placed under cages with birds. Excrement is collected in them, which is periodically sprinkled with sawdust treated with the fermentation accelerator. The resulting mixture is piled up until its height is 1-1.5 m.Then again watered with an accelerator and left in the fresh air. In the summer, they stand a mash for a month, and in the winter – up to two. After that, dried top dressing can be applied immediately.
To prepare the infusion, rotted litter in the amount of 0.5 kg is poured into 10 liters of water and left for 2-3 days. Its color should have a hue of weakly saturated tea. If it is darker, then it should be diluted to the desired color. This tool is easy to prepare. Aisle is watered with it. The feeding will be noticeable in a few days.
One of the ways to get rid of urea in bird droppings is to soak it. Excrement is poured with water, it is drained after two days, then fresh is poured. The procedure is repeated. times. The product becomes not so concentrated and the toxins disappear.
For one plant, the flow rate is 0.5 l of liquid.
The solution should be applied after rain or watering the tomato in such a way that it doesn’t fall on the leaves. If a certain amount does fall, wash it off.
- After top dressing, let the soil dry and then loosen it.
- Fresh chicken droppings cannot be used so as not to damage the roots of plants.
Fertilizers prepared on the basis of the livelihood of chickens are marked by high value that many gardeners have noted. After all, this readily available remedy gives great benefits when growing tomatoes. As a result of its use, tomatoes form large and tasty fruits. This is the goal that gardeners set.