Most gardeners grow garlic in the garden. This plant contains beneficial vitamins and minerals. Grow it with seeds, bulbs or cloves. Each method has its own nuances, so not everyone knows how to plant garlic with cloves.
- Choosing a landing place
- Preparing for growing
- Preparing the soil
- Preparing the cloves
- Processing ash solution
- Planting with grooves
- Garlic care
- The best varieties for planting for the winter
- Conclusion <
Onion the plant is traditionally planted 2-3 weeks before frosts. So winter garlic adaptir in the middle lane this is done between the beginning of September and the middle of October. In other places they focus on temperature. If it has dropped to 10 degrees at night, then it is time to plant the plant.
Choosing a place to plant
Soil with low or normal acidity is an ideal place for planting garlic in the winter. The bed should be located on the sunny side.
Before growing, you should pay attention to what earlier crops used to grow in the soil. Good predecessors for winter garlic are:
- early cabbage;
- legumes, etc.
It is allowed to plant an onion plant near garden crops (strawberries, strawberries). It is not recommended to grow garlic after potatoes and onions. Similar diseases can accumulate in the ground. Subsequently, they can have a negative effect on the yield of vegetables.
The basic rule is not to plant garlic in one place for more than 2 years in a row. Otherwise, the soil becomes infected with a stem nematode. Before planting another crop, it takes a long time to process.
Preparing for growing
Preparing is an important step in growing plants. Helps identify possible causes of garlic death in past years. Therefore, before planting, soil and teeth should be carefully examined.
It begins in late August. To begin with, the land is checked for pests and diseases. If they have been identified, soil fertilization is necessary. It will take 10 grams of humus, a glass of chalk and 300 grams of ash. This is enough for 1 m2.
Some gardeners add 2 tablespoons of potassium sulfate and 1 tablespoon of superphosphorus. All components are mixed and evenly distributed on the soil. After which the bed is dug up by 20-25 cm.
An important rule is to fertilize the soil with manure is not recommended. It will increase the acidity and amount of peat in the ground.This will negatively affect the germination of the vegetable. The soil is left for 15-20 days before planting. This is necessary so that the soil does not settle.
If you plant garlic immediately after digging, the yield will decrease. During the subsidence of the earth, the cloves also fall down. In spring, the germination time will increase by 1-2 weeks, the plant heads will be small.
Preparation of cloves
We divide the head of garlic into cloves without fail before planting. Each must be inspected and selected only healthy and large seed material. Flakes should not be damaged.
It is not recommended to use cloves with mold deposits and spots of rot. There should be no dents or scratches on the entire surface. Selected cloves require processing. A solution of potassium permanganate and copper sulfate is perfect. The seed is soaked for 10-12 hours.
Important note – the cloves must be dried. If they are wet, then the quality of the crop will be quite low.
Processing with a solution of ash
- you need 2 cups of wood ash;
- fill it with 2 liters of warm water;
- after 3-5 hours, the ash will dissolve in water;
- after the solution is stratified, use the bright part.
Some vegetable growers carry out saline treatment to prepare cloves. It will take 5 tablespoons of salt per bucket of water. Lower the cloves for 10-20 minutes. They are planted on the garden without washing.
First, form beds. The optimal sizes are 0.25 * 1 m. They make holes with a depth of 5 to 15 cm. If the planting time is 2 weeks before the first frost, then the depth does not exceed 5 cm. In the middle lane this is the period from September 23 to October 15. In regions with a warm climate – the beginning of November.
If the gardener intends to plant garlic for the winter in advance (late August – early autumn), then the depth is 10-15 cm. Thanks to this, the teeth will tolerate frost and take root.
Some gardeners use the rule – the planting depth is equal to the height of the clove multiplied by 2. That is, if the length of the clove is 5 cm, then it is planted to a depth of 10 cm.
The distance between the holes is 10 cm. This is necessary so that the teeth do not interfere with each other’s growth. The optimal distance between the rows is 25-30 cm. This will allow you to seamlessly carry out the main care procedures: loosening, weeding, fertilizing.
Remember that you do not need to press the teeth into the ground. This can damage the root system.
Landing with grooves
Another way of landing, which is that a layer of clean sand is poured onto the bottom. Thus, the teeth are protected from decay.
After planting, the soil is mulched.This is a mandatory anti-freeze procedure. But if the region has a warm climate, then mulching can not be done. As mulch, dry peat or sawdust is suitable. The mulch layer should not be less than 3 cm.
If there is no snow in winter, then it is necessary to cover the bed with plastic oilcloth. In the spring, it is cleaned after the retreat of frost. Harvested in the middle of summer – in late July or early August.
If you plant the garlic correctly, the care will be minimal. It consists of watering, fertilizing and pest control.
If the earth’s organic matter is poor, apply phosphoric fertilizers before planting. You need 1 tablespoon of superphosphate, 500 ml of wood ash and 2-3 tablespoons of potassium sulfate diluted in a bucket of water. Fertilizers are best applied by drip irrigation.
In the spring, when the frosts pass, the main remedy is urea. Dilute 1 tablespoon of urea in 1 bucket of water. Water the seedlings with a solution.
Watering is done every 7-10 days. The ground should not be too wet or dry. Be sure to clear the bed of weeds. They spoil the root system of the onion plant.
Best varieties for planting for the winter
When choosing a variety of garlic, every gardener focuses not only on personal preferences.
It takes into account soil quality, weather and climate conditions, planting time and precocity.
The most popular varieties of garlic, which are planted with cloves for the winter:
- Otradnensky. It is characterized by resistance to low temperatures and pests. It has a high yield (1.5 kg per 1 m2). It is medium late, the taste is sharp. Suitable for growing in Ukraine, Belarus, Russia.
- Gribovsky 60 – precocious, glassy. Head weight – about 50 gr. The number of cloves is from 6 to 12. The taste is excellent.
- Gribovsky anniversary. Ripening period is medium late. Suitable for growing in the middle lane. Resistant to drought, frost and waterlogging.
- Komsomolets. The growing season lasts no more than 110 days. It has a sharp taste. It gives a good harvest if all the requirements for planting have been taken into account.
- Danilovsky local. Recommended for cultivation in the middle lane. Bulb weight – about 45-50 gr. The taste is less pungent than in other varieties. Productivity – 1-1.2 kg / m2.
All varieties are suitable for conservation. They can be used raw. After drying, they are added to the spices.
Planting garlic with cloves is easy. The main thing is the proper preparation of soil and seed material. If there are suspicions of the quality of the soil or teeth, it is better to check and process them.
Winter garlic should be planted in mid-late autumn. It must take root. The main care operations are watering once a week, mulching for the winter, fertilizing in the fall and spring.If all the requirements are met, garlic will yield a crop of excellent quality.