One of the most popular vegetable crops is garlic. On the one hand, a healthy and indispensable vegetable for health. On the other – the most popular culinary spice, which is used in the preparation of various dishes. Of course, every summer resident, planting it on his site, wants to grow and harvest a good harvest. To do this, the main thing is to organize the fertilizer of the garden bed correctly. So, how to feed garlic for the winter and is it necessary to fertilize it at all?
- Why fertilize
- Fertilizer before winter
- Winter variety
- Spring variety
- Fertilizer after winter
- Spring variety
- Winter variety
- Nutrition for seedlings
- How to fertilize the vegetable
- Features of foliar feeding
- Conclusion <
Before performing the procedure top dressing, you need to understand why it is needed at all. If you are going to grow winter garlic, then fertilizers must be applied immediately in the process of planting seedlings, that is, in autumn. The fact is that this variety needs nutrients in order to gain strength during the winter, and after the onset of good weather to actively grow.
If you prefer spring garlic (planted in spring), note that fertilizing the soil in the fall will help to enrich it with useful substances, and spring – will be a good stimulation of growth. Thus, fertilizers will help the vegetable crop to obtain the necessary boost of energy. In addition, garlic needs to be fed in the summer.It helps the plant to become stronger, as a result of which it will not be afraid of temperature changes, diseases or pests.
Fertilizer before winter
It’s important to correctly determine the place on which the vegetable will be grown. Do not forget that garlic is picky enough in relation to the soil. Since it does not tolerate acidic soils, it must be planted in neutral soil. To grow a good crop, you need to prepare the site in advance from the fall: peel it of leaves and wilted plants, dig the soil deep.
Autumn top dressing will help you grow an excellent crop. Fertilizing can be done, as in the process of planting a winter variety, and as a preparation of the soil for cultivation in spring. Most often, various organic and inorganic substances are used as fertilizers during this period, which today can be easily found in any specialized store or on the market.
Note that the use of nitrogen fertilizers is contraindicated for winter garlic. Since they activate the intensive growth of leaves, and for the formation of large cloves, a strong root system is needed.
Winter garlic, as a rule, begins to be planted in the twentieth of September, so that by the time of the first frosts he has managed to take root, therefore, preparatory work must begin to be carried out a few weeks before.
To begin with, in the area selected for planting the vegetable, it is necessary to form grooves, and then fertilize the soil with useful substances. As a top dressing, you can use the usual humus. Any superphosphate (based on a tablespoon per one manure bucket) will serve as an excellent nutritional supplement.
In order for the planted vegetable to take root, it survived the winter well and began to actively grow, universal fertilizers, which you can buy in any specialized store, will be quite enough.
Note that autumn top dressing is required if you are going to grow a spring variety that is planted in the ground end of winter.
Fertilizer after winter
ry important to fertilize the soil before planting in his teeth. This will guarantee that in the spring you will collect an excellent harvest. Do not forget that the soil must be treated with copper sulfate before planting in order to disinfect it from harmful diseases and microorganisms, and then digged well.
Other nutrients are also used in preparing the soil. As a fertilizer for garlic, slurry is often used for the winter. Get it is not difficult. Manure must be diluted with ordinary water in a ratio of 1 to 6. During the growing season, you need to carry out 2-3 procedures for such feeding.You can also use wood ash to give this fertilizer to many gardeners.
With the onset of warm sunny weather, the plant is especially in need of nutrients and nutrients. In spring, spring and winter varieties are fed without fail. Gardeners have developed a special schedule for these purposes.
Fertilizers must be applied with a difference of 2 weeks after the first procedure. For this, use at least 3 liters of the substance diluted with water with a nitrofoam per 1 m2 of soil.
Winter variety is fed for the first time immediately after good weather will set, and the last snow will melt. Spring garlic is only after the plant releases the first few leaves. In this case, it is best to use urea (urea solution) in the calculation of 1 tbsp. l on a bucket of water, repeat after two weeks.
The last time mineral substances should be applied at the end of the growing season, somewhere in late June. Use superphosphate (at least 5 liters per 1 sq. M of land) as a fertilizer.
At the end of the winter, it is very important to arrange seedlings feeding. In this case, it is imperative to comply with the above terms.Since, if you miss at least one procedure, this can negatively affect the future harvest. The first and second feeding depends on how quickly the plant will rise, so the duration of their implementation can vary significantly. But the last feeding should be organized exactly at the indicated time. Otherwise, all the forces of the plant can be spent on growing arrows, not bulbs.
How to fertilize the vegetable
If you decide to use inorganic substances, you can easily pick them up in a specialty store. The main thing before using them is to carefully study the instructions in order not to err in the proportions, and not harm the future crop. Phosphoric and potash fertilizers are best applied after good soil moisture. A mixture of fertilizers must be scattered around the plants at the rate of 10 g per 1 sq. m. You can also dilute this mixture in water and water it abundantly (at the rate of 3 liters of water per 1 sq. m).
The following combinations of fertilizers are no less effective:
- 3 kg of humus;
- 1 tbsp. l superphosphate and nitrophosphate;
- 1 tbsp. l wood ash.
Or this option: 4 kg of humus, 20 g of superphosphate and 15 g of potassium. As organic substances, manure and ash are suitable. In no case should you use fresh humus, as it instantly burns your seedlings. For these purposes, settled manure, which has already managed to overdo it, is suitable.Water your garden beds with this solution, being careful not to get on the green leaves of the plant.
Great salt is also a good fertilizer. Its solution will not only accelerate the growth of the plant, but also will not allow the leaves to dry and turn yellow during hot weather. If salt is poured with water, it will serve as an excellent disinfectant that will prevent many pathogens from spreading.
Features of foliar feeding
Experienced gardeners often use in their practice, this type of fertilizing, as the application of fertilizers in a non-root way. During it, substances are sprayed onto the leaves and stem, which contributes to a more rapid absorption of beneficial trace elements. This feeding method is used if the plant needs emergency assistance.
Note that in this case, fertilizers should be less concentrated. The feeding procedure should be carried out late in the evening after the heat subsides and the sun sets. Foliar top dressing can not be carried out more than twice a season and it can in no way serve as a substitute for the basic fertilizer procedure.
More and more often, green manure plants are planted in the garden next to garlic to supply the soil with useful substances. They not only nourish the soil, but also normalize the level of its acidity. Legumes and cereals are best suited for these purposes.In order for this method to work and give a positive effect, siderat plants must be cut off when they only begin to gain strength. A few weeks before planting garlic, they must be distributed on a land plot specifically designated for this purpose. They decay and thus fertilize the earth with useful substances.
Fertilizing garlic in the autumn period and also after the end of winter is an important and necessary measure.This procedure must be carried out without fail, otherwise you will not be able to grow b and gather a bountiful harvest.
When fertilizing the plant during planting, do not forget to observe the proportions of the substances to be combined. It is necessary to take into account the composition of the soil and the variety of vegetables being grown (winter or spring) .If you use the tips, as well as If you follow the established deadlines for feeding, you will definitely get an excellent harvest. The main thing to remember is that you need to fertilize garlic.