To increase the volume harvest, you need to know how to properly organize the irrigation of garlic in the open field. Due to the poorly developed root system, the planting of garlic crops is carried out to a shallow depth, so during the development period the plant needs moderate watering. Let’s find out how often to water the garlic in the open.
- Watering frequency
- Watering methods
- Sprinkling <
- Drip method
- Garlic irrigation rules
- During the growing season
- During the ripening period
- During the harvesting period
- Measurement of soil moisture
Frequency watering garlic crops is directly dependent on weather conditions. abundant watering of the soil, approximately 12-15 liters per square meter.In normal weather conditions, the water volume for watering garlic crops can be reduced by three times.With prolonged rainy weather, the crop does not need additional moistening.To quickly drain the soil, gardeners make grooves for wastewater.
Moisture deficiency appears on the tops with a bluish-white tint. The drying of the tips on the leaves of garlic indicates the need to increase the frequency of watering. From excess moisture, garlic leaves turn pale green.
There are three methods for irrigating the shoots of onion fruits. The most common – manual, less used – sprinkling and drip irrigation.
Garlic is a moisture-loving plant, but excess moisture also negatively affects the quality of the grown product. Dry soil entails deformation and a decrease in the size of the root crop. To increase the yield of garlic crops, it is necessary to choose the appropriate irrigation method.
This method assumes an even distribution of moisture over the entire surface of the soil and regulates the irrigation rate. But due to the abundant evaporation of moisture, this method can contribute to the spread of some diseases of this vegetable crop. An increase in irrigation norms leads to an increase in the salt balance of the soil and a decrease in the quality of the cultivated product.
The most effective technique for watering garlic is drip irrigation. With this method of watering, moisture not only directly reaches the root crop, but is evenly distributed on the leaves of the plant.
The disadvantage of this method is expensive equipment. It is necessary to correctly calculate the cultivation schemes in order to recoup all the costs.
At present, craftsmen themselves make such equipment from plastic bottles.
Garlic irrigation rules
In order to grow a quality crop of garlic crops, several rules should be remembered:
1) At an average daily air temperature below 13 °, watering cannot be done to avoid decay plants.
2) Water heated in the sun above 18 ° is used for irrigation.
3) For irrigation, rain or artesian water is preferable, it is less rigid than tap water.
4) The optimal time of day for irrigated time after sunrise and sunset
5) After watering it is necessary to loosen the soil to a depth of two centimeters.
During the growing season
At the beginning of the growing season garlic crops need sufficient moisture. Spend it once a week at least 30 centimeters in depth. After watering, make a hole with a depth of 20-30 cm and put your hand, the soil cut should be moist. In the first days of May, watering is carried out with the addition of organic fertilizers.
During the ripening period
In July, with the active growth of root crops, the irrigation frequency decreases to 5-7 times, and by the beginning of August it stops completely. Excess fluid stops the growth of heads, reduces the amount of nutrients in them and shortens the shelf life.
During the harvest period
For long-term storage of crops, experienced vegetable growers advise to stop watering three weeks before harvesting, for canning for 7 days.
Measurement of soil moisture
You can determine the soil moisture level using a moisture meter. Garlic crops require watering if its readings are below 70%. To do this, use the traditional method.From a hole, a depth of 10 cm, they pick up a handful of earthy hands, squeeze it, then unclench it and check the result. If a lump forms, but then breaks up, the humidity is 70-75%, the ball does not form – humidity 60% (watering is required), from the formed lump the palm becomes wet 80%.
To obtain a high and high-quality garlic crop, it is necessary take into account not only the variety, growing region and soil characteristics, weather conditions, but also irrigation methods at different ripening periods of vegetable garlic crops.