Popular varieties of eggplant

Popular varieties of eggplant

Eggplant is one of the most difficult vegetables to grow, which needs a lot of sunlight and heat. Most varieties are unstable to diseases and pests, but there are also hybrid eggplant varieties that adapt well to the Russian climate and produce stable crops from year to year.

Content
  1. Black Dragon F1
  2. The value of the hybrid
  3. Overseas whale
  4. The value of the hybrid
  5. Caliph
  6. The value of the hybrid
  7. Galich
  8. Value of the hybrid
  9. Fabina F1
  10. Value of the hybrid
  11. Black Opal
  12. Value of the hybrid
  13. Carlson
  14. Value of the hybrid
  15. Dream of the mushroom picker
  16. The value of the hybrid
  17. Kolobok
  18. Value of the hybrid
  19. Diamond F1
  20. Value of the hybrid
  21. Smu gloss
  22. Value of the hybrid
  23. Negus
  24. Value of the hybrid
  25. Other popular varieties
  26. Conclusion <

Популярные сорта баклажанов

Popular varieties of eggplant

Black Dragon F1

This hybrid belongs to the early ripening. It gives a crop 110 days after emergence. The height of the bush varies from 0.3 to 0.8 m. The weight of the ripened dark purple fruit is an average of 225 g. Yield per 1 square. m. – 4-5 kg. The peel covering a dense creamy white flesh has a glossy sheen.The length of the fruit reaches 13-15 cm, and its diameter is about 5 cm. There are practically no seeds inside the fruit.

The hybrid is suitable for growing in greenhouses. If the greenhouse is unheated, it should be made of polycarbonate, not film. In unheated greenhouses and in the open air the bushes are stunted, and in warmed ones they are tall and sprawling. In the open air, the hybrid can be grown only in regions with a warm climate and long summers.

The value of the hybrid

The black dragon F1 has a long fruiting period. All fruits ripen almost simultaneously. Eggplants have high taste, they do not lose their presentation during transportation.

Overseas whale

Overseas whale is a decoration of the garden. Early ripe bushes 1.15 m high bear fruit 110 days after emergence. The weight of a large fruit is on average 450 g. There are specimens weighing 0.8-0.9 kg. Greenish flesh of medium density is covered with a glossy peel painted in pink or light lilac color with white stripes that do not have clear boundaries. Eggplants grow in length to 13-15 cm. Their diameter is 8-10 cm. The shape of the fruits is ovoid.

The hybrid is suitable for growing under a film and in the open ground. Seeds germinate quickly, so the hybrid is grown in seedlings.

Hybrid value

Overseas whale gives a stable crop every year.The fruits have high taste, no bitterness. This early eggplant is used for caviar and preservation: it improves the taste of mixed vegetables. It also makes an amazing eggplant paste.

Caliph

Caliph is an unpretentious mid-season eggplant variety. It tolerates temperature differences of 5 ° C-7 ° C. Fruits ripen 117 days after emergence. The height of the semi-spreading bush is 0.7 m. Ripe, slightly curved, club-shaped fruits weigh 200-250 g each. They reach a length of 20 cm with a diameter of 5-6 cm. The whitish flesh is covered with a dark purple glossy skin.

Caliph is intended for growing under film cover or in open ground.

After harvest, the Caliph hybrid is stored for no more than 3 days. Vegetable culture is grown in seedlings.

The value of the hybrid

This variety of eggplants has average taste, but it perfectly complements the taste of other vegetables. It is used in the preparation of vegetable stew and pickled with carrots, cucumbers and tomatoes.

Galich

Mid-season eggplant variety Galich gives a harvest 120-140 days after emergence. The height of the compact bush is 0.65-0.7 m. The weight of ripened cylindrical fruits 17-19 cm long varies from 150 to 200 g. Diameter – from 5 to 7 cm.

With an average fruit size with 1 sq. m harvest 9-10 kg of the crop.Sometimes the yield reaches 13 kg with 1 square. m. White juicy pulp is covered with a glossy dark purple peel. A small amount of seeds is located inside the fruit.

In regions with a warm climate, seeds are planted in open ground at the beginning of March. The bushes are tolerant of insufficient sunlight, which allows you to plant the plant in shaded areas of the garden.

Hybrid value

Galich is appreciated for its high productivity and unpretentiousness. Ripe fruits are suitable for long-term storage and do not lose their presentation during transportation.

Fabin F1

Ultra-early hybrid gives the crop 60 days after the appearance of the first seedlings. The height of the spreading bush is 0.6 m. The ripened blue fruits of a cylindrical shape weigh 220-250 g each. Productivity from 1 sq. m – 3-4 kg. With a diameter of 6 cm, their length is 20 cm. The whitish-green flesh is covered with a purple glossy skin. Mushroom notes are present in taste.

Seeds are planted in open ground from mid-May to early July. If the nights are cold, landings are protected by a cover of film or glass. When planting is thickened, the yield decreases significantly.

Hybrid value

Fabina F1 is an unpretentious plant that is resistant to many diseases. It is practically not attacked by a spider mite.There is no need to tie it up or build supports.

Black Opal

The black opal ripens 130 days after the appearance of the first shoots. The height of the spreading bushes varies from 0.5 to 0.7 m. Ripened eggplant of cylindrical shape, 0.2 m long and 0.07 m in diameter weighs about 170 g. Yield per 1 sq. Km. m is 6 kg. The color of the glossy skin covering the delicate white pulp of excellent taste is as close to black as possible.

Black opal requires a garter. In regions with a warm climate, it is grown outdoors, and in regions with a cold climate under film cover.

Hybrid value

Black opal is resistant to tomato mosaic and column . It tolerates minor temperature differences. Its fruits are harvested right up to the onset of the first frost.

Carlson

It takes 75-78 days from the appearance of the first seedlings to the harvest. The height of the early hybrid is 0.6 m. A blue heart-shaped pear weighs 300-350 g. Productivity from 1 square. m is 6-8 kg. The dense yellowish-white flesh is covered with a purple glossy peel, ribbing is present. The diameter of eggplants reaches 15 cm, and their length varies from 10 to 12 cm. Round eggplants are used for making rolls, stuffing and harvesting for the winter.

Vegetable culture is grown both under the cover and in seedlings in the open the ground. Seeds are planted on seedlings in early spring.

The value of the hybrid

The early ripe Carlson hybrid is valued for its high yield and delicate taste. The crop is well stored and does not lose its presentation during transportation.

Dream of mushroom picker

White eggplant of the variety Dream mushroom picker ripens in 90-95 days. The height of compact bushes does not exceed 0.7 m. The weight of oval-shaped fruits varies between 200-250 g. Productivity from 1 sq. M. m is 4-6 kg. Juicy tender flesh of white color is covered with snow-white skin. There are practically no seeds inside the fruit.

The dream of a mushroom picker is planted in the seedling method. Landing in the open ground is carried out after the threat of spring frost has passed. When grown in greenhouses, mature plants are planted in mid-May. They poorly tolerate the lack of light, heat and moisture.

The value of the hybrid

White eggplants are unpretentious in maintenance, suitable for long-term storage and are resistant to diseases affecting nightshade crops. The mushroom picker’s dream is appreciated for its spicy taste, which has pronounced mushroom notes.

Gingerbread man

The spherical hybrid Kolobok ripens in 110-120 days and is characterized by large-fruited. The height of the compact bush does not exceed 0.6 m. Ripened eggplants of almost regular round shape weigh about 650 g.Productivity from 1 sq. m reaches 8 kg. White flesh of medium density is covered with dark purple glossy peel. During frying, a pronounced mushroom taste appears.

Hybrid Gingerbread Man is not suitable for cultivation in open ground. He is thermophilic and demanding on the fertility of the soil, needs a lot of light. In the first weeks after planting, he needs frequent watering.

The value of the hybrid

The gingerbread man is appreciated for its large-fruited and palatable qualities. Eggplant has a long storage period.

Diamond F1

Hybrid Diamond F1 belongs to the early ripening varieties. It ripens in 105 days. The height of the semi-spreading bush is 0.6-0.7 m. The weight of the elongated cylindrical fruit varies from 150 to 200 g. Its length with a diameter of 40-50 mm varies from 150 to 200 mm. White-green dense pulp is covered with glossy peel of dark purple color. Productivity from 1 sq. m is 5-7 kg.

Grade Diamond F1 is suitable for cultivation in open ground and under cover, but is not cold-resistant. In regions with a cold climate, it is better to use the second option. In greenhouse cultivation of self-pollinated eggplant, the yield is higher.

Hybrid value

Diamond F1 has good taste. It is also appreciated for its high yield and friendly fruiting.

Dark-skinned

Eggplant variety Smuglyanka ripens 115 days after the appearance of the first seedlings.The height of the compact plant does not exceed 0.65 m. The fruits of a cylindrical shape after ripening have a weight of 230 g. The size of the eggplant is average. The light green delicate flesh is covered with a thin skin. It is important to harvest in a timely manner. There are few seeds inside, but when overripe, they become like little bones.

Hybrid value

Dark-skinned is characterized by abundant and long-lasting fruiting. The hybrid forms an ovary even in adverse weather conditions.

Negus

Сорт отличается длительным плодоношением

The variety is characterized by long-term fruiting

The fruits of the Negus hybrid ripen 80 days after the appearance of the first seedlings. Under favorable conditions, the crop is harvested already 65-70 days after emergence. Compact bush does not exceed 50 cm in height. The weight of ripened rounded fruits varies between 130-190 g. Average yield per 1 sq. Km. m is 3-4 kg. The juicy white flesh is covered with dark purple skin.

Hybrid Negus is intended for growing under cover. In regions with a warm climate, after the plant has become stronger, the cover is removed. Strong plants adapt well to the environment and tolerate small temperature differences.

Hybrid value

The Negus hybrid has a long fruiting period. New fruits are formed within a week after harvest.

Other popular varieties

Every day, breeders from all countries work on the development of new hybrids. Each eggplant variety has its own advantages.

  • Eggplant varieties Albatross, Epik, Black Beauty, Marzipan, Alekseevsky, Bourgeois, Sophia, Bull Heart, Lilac Fog, Flamingo are suitable for open ground. The peel of the fruits of the Lilac Mist and Flamingo variety is painted in an unusual pink color.
  • White eggplant Icicle, Pelican, White Swan, Snowball, White Night, Thai White Ribbed have high tastes. Especially popular are white eggplants of the Swan and Tender F1 variety. Swans are valued for their high productivity, which reaches 18 kg per 1 sq. Km. m. And the Tender F1 – for the excellent taste of juicy pulp. Blue hybrids have excellent taste Eggplant for barbecue F1, Bagira F1, Fat gentleman, Frigate.
  • Hybrid hybrids Bull forehead, Ilya Muromets, Caviar F1, Barbecue F1, Bomb truck, Black Raven F1, Nutcracker (up to 19 kg with 1 sq. M), Long Pop F1.
  • For indoor use, hybrids Bernard, Farama F1, Arap, Maksik F1, Destan, Boss-master, Yatagan F1, Chernomor, Marquis F1 are most suitable , Sailor, Galina, Mushroom pleasure.
  • Cold-resistant hybrids are Orient Express, King of the North, Bibo, Dwarf early 921, Early 148, Balagu , Bataysky, Orion the F1, Black Diamond, Dream gardener. For the Altai Territory, diamond and Dialog hybrids are most suitable.
  • Popular early-ripening varieties are Emerald, Ultra-Early F1, Karatay F1, Anet F1, Korean dwarf, Vakula, Dervish F1, Maria, Northern Blues, Sharapova F1, Boyarin, Mirval F1.
  • Disease-resistant hybrids are Astrakom, Mowgli, Generalsky, Ural precocious, Hippo F1, Black Beauty, Gardener’s Dream, Avan F1.
  • Popular green varieties are Zelenenky, Kermit, Chinese green, Louisiana Long Green, Cambodia Green Jain.
  • For hybrids suitable hybrids Don Quixote, Madonna F1 and Ping-Pong F1.

Growing It should be varieties that are cultivated in a particular region. They are adapted to climatic conditions and less susceptible to diseases common in a particular area.

It is impossible to describe the characteristics of each variety. Hybrid of carpal type Samurai F1, Murzik and Drakosha varieties have average productivity, but are resistant to stresses. Large-fruited eggplants give hybrid varieties Giselle F1 and Diamond. Hybrid Russian F1 is distinguished by heat resistance, and Epik F1 is a high energy of growth.

Thai eggplant containing a huge amount of useful substances will become a highlight in the summer cottage. But it is difficult to care for, and in regions with a cold climate it is grown only under cover. The absence of this leads to an early death of the plant.

Conclusion

Eggplant care is simplified by that it is a self-pollinating culture. When growing in seedling methods, plants should be dived. High-quality seeds germinate quickly.

Among domestic producers, Zedek and Aelita Agro have established themselves well in the market. Among foreign agricultural firms, Dutch companies Bayer Nunhems, Seminis, Syngenta, which appeared on the domestic market not so long ago, are popular.

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Anna Evans

Author ✓ Farmer

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