Eggplant varieties Prince Black or Fairytale (different names for one variety) are popular in the modern market. Many gardeners grow this species, because it is characterized by high productivity, excellent transportability and high quality products.
- Characteristic of the variety
- Description of the bush
- Description of the fruit
- Taste and application
- Planting the variety
- Into the open ground
- Planting seedlings in the greenhouse
- Caring for plants
- Watering <
- Feeding <
- Soil loosening and garter
- Diseases and parasites
- Conclusion <
Eggplant Prince Black (Fairytale) was introduced in Russia in 1968. It was already included in the State Register of the country already in 1970. The characteristic indicates that it is suitable for cultivation in all areas of the country. Depending on the climate, it can be grown in open ground (Center and South of the country) or in a greenhouse (East and North).
The growing season, from the moment the first seedlings appear, lasts only 100-110 days. Productivity is excellent: from 1 m2 you can collect about 25-30 kg of high-quality products.
Description of the bush
Bushes are compact, up to 70 cm high. Between nodes a small distance is formed. The branches are down. Leaves broadly oval in shape and deep green.The stem is a purple hue.
Description of the fruit
Eggplant Black Prince has the following characteristics of the fruit:
- fruits are saturated in black and purple as at the time technical maturity, as well as biological;
- dense pulp of light green color;
- the average diameter of the fruit is 10 cm;
- length about 20 cm;
- the weight of an individual fruit is about 200-250 g;
Taste and application
Taste unusual fruit, a small amount of bitterness is felt, but you can get rid of it with yu salt. You just need to cut the fruit into small rings and fill it with salt: after 20-40 minutes, bitterness will come out with the juice of the vegetable.
This variety is considered universal. From it you can cook not only the main dishes (stews, casseroles or rolls). The Black Prince variety is suitable for salads.
Planting the variety
In the open ground
The Black Prince eggplant variety is grown in the open soil only in the central and southern regions of the country, where climatic conditions allow it. For cultivation, you should choose only well-lit areas with fertile soil. The acid-base balance of the earth should be no more than 6%.
Before planting, you should thoroughly loosen the earth and add organic fertilizer to it. For every 1 m2 there should be 2-3 kg of compost or mullein.Planting seeds of eggplant Black Prince is allowed only in early or mid-May. At this point, the soil has time to warm up to a temperature of 15 ° C. Planting material does not require any preparation or processing. Seeds should be planted at a distance of 50 cm from each other. The distance between the rows should be 30 cm.
Planting seedlings in the greenhouse
Seedlings are grown for planting in the greenhouse. It is best to land in early March. To do this, the seeds are placed in a container (at a distance of 5 cm from each other) or individual cups. The sowing depth is 1-1.5 cm. After this, the containers for planting must be covered with plastic wrap and put in a warm and well-lit place. As soon as the first shoots appear, the film can be removed, but you need to remove the plants from direct sunlight.
20 days after the appearance of the first shoots, you can plant in the greenhouse. To do this, the earth in it is fertilized with humus (3 kg per 1 m2) and carefully digged. Plant black seedlings of Black Prince varieties in a greenhouse in early or mid-April. The sowing depth is about 4 cm.
Description of the Black Prince eggplant variety indicates that it is unpretentious in maintenance.It all comes down to standard procedures:
- loosening the soil;
- garter plants;
- top dressing.
Watering should be carried out with an interval of 3-4 days. Abundantly water the seedlings should not be, because this can lead to root rot. The best option is 1-1.5 liters for each bush.
Use only warm water for irrigation, because it improves the adhesion of the roots to the soil.
Fertilizing is carried out several times during the entire growing season.
- Using organic fertilizers, is carried out 20 days after planting in a permanent place. You can dilute in 10 liters of water 2 kg of humus or 1 kg of mullein. 1 liter of the drug is poured under each bush.
- 2 weeks after the first. At this point, phosphorus fertilizers should be used (20 mg of superphosphate per 10 liters of water). 1.5 l of solution is poured into each bush.
Loosening the soil and garter
It is necessary to loosen the soil after each watering. This will provide protection against crust and pests. Weeding the beds improves the delivery of oxygen and nutrients to the root system of the plant.
Every week, remove weeds so as not to provoke the appearance of pests. Since the Black Prince eggplant is large, you should tie the bushes to the support to reduce the risk of stem deformation from the wind.
Diseases and parasites
The variety is resistant to powdery mildew, late blight, phytoplasmosis and the tobacco mosaic virus. The problem can only occur in root rot. If you properly water and regularly loosen the soil, you can avoid such a disease.
Of the parasites that can destroy Black Prince eggplant, aphids, beetles, and fleas should be isolated. You can get rid of aphids using Bordeaux fluid (2 mg per 10 liters of water). This solution is used to spray the beds every 10 days. You can fight against beetles by spraying with a solution of wood ash (200 g per 10 liters of water). An effective anti-flea remedy is spraying with colloidal salt (40 mg per 10 liters of water).
If you follow all the recommendations for planting and care, you will simply grow high-quality products that can be used for cooking preservation or main courses. The Black Prince is also grown for the purpose of eyshey sale. This culture is not demanding to leave, and, therefore, deal with its growing might even beginners in the field of agriculture.