Eggplant The handsome black man received worldwide recognition not only because of his high yield. Its advantages include unpretentiousness in care and resistance to most diseases, so even those who have never encountered agriculture can engage in its cultivation. We consider a detailed description of the variety in the article.
- Characteristic of the variety
- Description of the bush
- Features of the fruit
- Use and taste
- Method of growing seedlings
- Planting seeds
- Proper care
- Fighting diseases and pests
Characteristics of the variety
Variety Black handsome was bred in Russia in scientific Research Center Search. It was included in the State Register of the Russian Federation in 2006. The variety can be grown in the Central region of the country and the North Caucasus region.
Productivity is high: from 1 m2 you can collect up to 10 kg high-quality products.
Description of the bush
The bush is compact. Plant height does not exceed 70 cm. Spreading bush. There is a short distance between the nodes, which has a positive effect on crop productivity. The stems are covered with a small amount of pubescence. Their color is dark green, with a slight purple tint. Leaves are medium sized, green. At their edges there is a sawtooth coating. The surface of the sheet is covered with an average number of spikes.
Features of the fruit
Characteristics of fruits of the variety Black handsome:
- pear-shaped eggplants, at the base they are more elongated than at the end;
- rich purple hue;
- the flesh of a creamy hue, with a yellow tint;
- the surface of the fruit is glossy, pleasant to the touch;
- inside the fruit contains the minimum number of seeds;
- the average weight is 200 g;
- the length is about 20-23 cm.
Use and palatability
The taste is specific, but does not have bitterness. Eggplant varieties Black handsome is suitable for universal use: for preparing fresh salads or main dishes (vegetable stews, baked rolls or diet pilaf). Perfect for winter preservation.
It is recommended to grow the variety by the seedling method, this allows you to get early production. First you need to decide on a quality planting material. Hybrid seeds of category f1 are recommended. They are more resistant to negative environmental factors, diseases and parasites. Landing is carried out in mid-March. Before planting seeds, they should be treated with Epin growth stimulant to get early seedlings and yield.You need to soak the seeds in the Epina solution (2 mg per 1 liter of water) and insist for 20 minutes.
After that, you need to plant the seeds in a container at a distance of 5 cm from each other. Care should be taken to ensure that fertile soil is poured into the containers. You can use a mixture of black soil and sand in a ratio of 2: 1 or a purchased mixture for planting. The sowing depth is 1.3 cm. After this, the containers are covered with plastic wrap and placed in a warm and well-lit room. The best germination of seeds is observed at a temperature of 25 ° C. As soon as the first shoots appear, the film can be removed. After 20-30 days, when 2-3 pairs of leaves form on the seedlings, you can plant them in a permanent place.
Planting seedlings in open ground should only be done after the soil has warmed up to 15 ° C. The ideal time for landing is the beginning of May. A distance of 50 cm should be maintained between rows and a distance of 40 cm between holes. Planting depth about 4 cm.
You can grow crops and in the open ground. To do this, the seeds are also treated with Epin, which stimulates growth, or with a manganese solution (2 mg per 2 liters of water) for disinfection.
You can plant seeds in open ground only after warming the soil to a temperature of 14-17 ° C. The distance between the seeds should be 5 cm, and between the rows 40 cm.All rows should be covered with a film until the first shoots appear. Open the film every day for 1-3 hours to get oxygen inside. After emergence, the film can be removed. At this point, you need to thin out the planting area, leaving only large shoots. The optimal distance between seedlings is 20-30 cm.
Description of the eggplant variety Black Beauty indicates that it does not require special care. The whole procedure converges only to proper watering, regular loosening of the soil, high-quality top dressing and garter of the bush. You need to water the plants once every 3-4 days and only with warm water.
Fertilizing should be done several times during the whole growing process of the crop.
- Using organic fertilizers, it is carried out in 20- 26 days after planting in open ground. It is necessary to dilute in 10 l of water 2 kg of humus or mullein and pour 1.5 solution under each bush.
- 3 weeks after the first. It is necessary to dilute in 10 l of water 40 mg of superphosphate and 50 mg of potassium nitrate. 2 liters of solution are poured under each bush.
After watering, after 2-3 days, you need to loosen the soil and remove weeds. This will not only allow you to remove the top crust from the soil, but also ensure that oxygen and nutrients get into the roots. Garter the bush to the support as it grows. This will protect the plant from deformation under the influence of windy weather.
Pest and disease control
The characteristic shows that the variety is resistant to late blight, late blight and powdery mildew. There is a likelihood of root rot development – it is impossible to get rid of it. Have to remove the entire bush. To avoid this disease, you need to properly water the bushes and carry out regular loosening of the soil. Perhaps the development of viral spotting. You can get rid of it by spraying with colloidal salt (50 mg per 10 liters of water).
The main pests are bugs, aphids and fleas.
- You can fight against bugs and fleas by spraying with a manganese solution (3 mg per 10 liters of water). Processing is carried out every 10 days, until the parasites are completely exterminated.
- You can get rid of aphids using the copper-containing preparation Oksikhom, a solution from which spraying is also carried out. You need to dilute 30 mg of the preparation in 10 l of water and treat the area every 7-10 days to complete uni aphids.
Black handsome is considered one of the most popular varieties of eggplant. If you plant and care for all of these rules, you can harvest high quality. It is not difficult to grow both with seeds and seedlings.