Early vegetables are always on the market in price, so gardeners and gardeners seek to devote part of the land for early cultivation. The bullfinch potato gained popularity due to the fact that the first harvest can be harvested already in June (even in regions with relatively low average annual temperatures).
- Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
- Planting potatoes
- Soil preparation
- Planting potatoes
- Caring for potatoes
- Pest Control
- Conclusion <
Russian variety selection is listed in the State Register of the Russian Federation in 2001, recommended for buildings in the center and in the north of the European part of Russia, in Western Siberia, in the Urals. The name indicates that the culture is resistant to frost.
According to the characteristics of the variety Potato Bullfinch, a medium-tall plant, erect bush, intermediate type. Tops of bright green color with a large leaf, wavy edges of the leaf is absent. Red-lilac flowers are collected in large inflorescences.
Round-oval-shaped tubers, medium size, weighing 60-90 g, with small pink-lilac eyes. The color of root vegetables is red or pink. The skin is very thin. The pulp is milky white. Up to 15 tubers are tied under the bush. The starch content is slightly above average – about 16%. Medium digestibility.According to gardeners, potatoes have good taste and are suitable for preparing a variety of dishes.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
The potato variety Bullfinch has several advantages:
- friendly ripening;
- excellent keeping quality – about 95%;
- tastes great.
The crop has good yields: for early production – about 200 kg / ha, during the period of complete ripening – about 350 kg / ha. The only drawback of this variety is its susceptibility to certain diseases, for example, a nematode.
The rules for planting crops do not have significant features. Soil and planting material is prepared traditionally.
You can grow a crop on any soil, but loose, nutritious, well-aerated soils provide a higher yield. In order for the land to acquire such properties on the site, they dig it in the autumn to the depth of the shovel’s bayonet, without breaking the clods. This procedure not only contributes to the preservation of moisture, better air permeability, but also serves as a means of prevention against certain diseases, a method of pest control. During the autumn digging, humus or compost, wood ash and complex inorganic fertilizers are applied to the soil.
In the spring, beds for potatoes are loosened if the soil is light, or they are dug again half a piece if the ground is heavy, clay.Fertilizers are applied either during digging, or directly into the wells during planting.
A good harvest gives seed material of the superelite or elite category. This allows you to stock up on seeds for 3-5 years. If it is not possible to purchase tubers of this class or grow them yourself, you can use the first reproduction planting material, which is sold by agricultural companies at a lower price.
To prepare tubers for planting, you can do this:
- sort and discard seeds that are damaged , affected by rot, scab, etc .;
- 3-4 weeks before disembarkation, place boxes with planting material in a warm, well-lit place for germination oia and greening; the best characteristics of tubers for planting: the size of a chicken egg and small thick shoots 2-3 cm in size;
- immediately before planting in the soil, treat with agents that increase immunity, because Bullfinch has low resistance to certain types of diseases, and insecticides, for the prevention of pests.
Vegetable growers practice pre-planting dusting of tubers with gumatized preparations based on wood ash or add ash to the hole at the rate of 1 tbsp. on the bush.
The culture is planted according to the scheme 60 x 35 cm (the first value is the distance between the holes, the second – in a row between the bushes). Depth of embedding is 8-10 cm.
Care for potatoes
The rules for caring for potatoes Bullfinch require the following conditions: timely moistening of the soil, hilling, top dressing.
The variety tolerates short-term drought, but the yield will be higher if the crop receives enough moisture. At first, after planting, you do not need to water it: the tuber has enough water and nutrients. Excess moisture can adversely affect the quality of seedlings.
It is advisable to carry out the first watering 7-10 days after the appearance of overhead shoots. Further, the frequency of watering will depend on weather conditions. It is not recommended to allow drying of the soil during the formation of buds, flowering and tying of tubers. Watering will be effective after hilling, in the aisles. The best time is morning or evening.
For the first time young bushes are grown, reaching a height of 10-12 cm. The height of the ridge should be such that 4 true leaves remain on the ground. The second hilling is at a stem height of 15-20 cm. The quantity and quality of tubers depends on this procedure in many respects.
The first feeding is carried out after the first hilling. A complex of nitrogen, phosphorus and potash fertilizers is used.The variety responds well to fertilizer with mullein and bird droppings. It is advisable to feed the plants after watering.
Organics are usually used in a liquid state, infused for at least 24 hours. The proportions are:
- for mullein: for 1 part of manure 10 parts of water;
- for bird droppings: for 1 part of dry matter 15 parts of water.
Gardeners estimate the effectiveness of using organics at 30-50% yield growth.
According to the description, for the prevention of late blight and golden nematodes, it is necessary observe crop rotation, remove weeds in a timely manner, prevent moisture stagnation and provide good ventilation to the bushes. Home-made preparations with milk whey, iodine, garlic, wormwood, potassium permanganate, etc.
will also help. For the treatment of plants, complex fungicides are suitable. Bazudin, for example, helps against nematodes and wireworms. Ditan, Bravo, Revus are treated for late blight, alternariosis.
Summer residents and gardeners rated excellent palatability of potatoes Bullfinch. Since the first potato is dug up after 45 days, the variety is suitable for 2 crops per season.
Bullfinch’s tolerance to weather conditions allows it to be successfully cultivated in Siberia. The variety has been shown to be effective for small farms.