Potatoes are one of the most popular crops. His landing is done both for sale and for personal needs. The Neva motor-block for potatoes is an effective apparatus that facilitates planting, care and harvesting.
- Benefits of working with Neva
- Description of the Neva motor-block
- Engine characteristics
- Use of the Neva in growing potatoes
- Planting potatoes
- Caring for potatoes
Benefits of working with the Neva
Working with the Neva walk-behind tractor has several advantages:
- Cost reduction in The motoblock speeds up the process several times compared to the manual planting of potatoes.
- Reduces the need for human strength. To control the motoblock, 1 person guides the machine. In the absence of an automatic potato plant, another 1 plant seedlings in the ground.
- Profitability. Motoblock Neva consumes less fuel than heavy agricultural machinery.
- Versatility. A motor cultivator is used to perform all work in the garden.
- Easy to use and maintain.
Description of the Neva motoblock
Technical characteristics of the Neva motoblock:
- dimensions – 1700 x 650 x 1300;
- track width – 320 mm (extended – 500 mm);
- ground clearance – 150 mm;
- turning radius – 800-1000 mm;
- weight – 87 kg;
- working speed – 8 km / h;
- cutter radius – 180 mm;
- maximum processing depth – 20 cm;
- maximum working width – 1.2 m;
- fuel tank volume – 3.6 l;
- flow rate during operation – 1 l / h.
When planting potatoes with a walk-behind tractor, an important factor I The motor characteristic is displayed. When processing the soil, the machine must withstand a lot of resistance.
The Neva walk-behind tractor is equipped with a DM-1 4-stroke engine. Motor power – 6 hp Soft and smooth operation provides ball bearings in the props. The sleeve is made of cast iron, which increases its service life.
The upper arrangement of the valves provides low fuel consumption and low noise during operation. The dual-element air filter guarantees trouble-free operation.
Using the Neva for growing potatoes
Growing potatoes by the Neva Walk-road tractor includes the following operations:
The first step is to prepare the soil for growing potatoes. Plowing allows you to loosen the upper ball of soil, which saturates it with oxygen and moisture. Also at an early stage of development it is possible to get rid of weeds. For plowing, a working body is added to the walk-behind tractor in the form of a plow or disk cutter.
For proper conduct, adjust the capture and angle of attack. This allows the equipment to move smoothly and efficiently till the soil. The depth of plowing for potatoes is 18-20 cm.
The next stage is harrowing. Its purpose is to allow potato tubers to sprout unhindered. The walk-behind tractor is equipped with a special harrow.
To plant potatoes on the Neva walk-behind tractor, the following working bodies are installed:
- potato planter.
When using an okuchnik and a plow, the working body only cuts the furrow. Potatoes are laid separately.
The advantage is the speed and simplicity of the design.If the rows are nervous or not deep enough, it is possible to go back and cut them again.
To automate the process, the walk-behind tractor is equipped with a potato planter. It is mounted and in the form of a trailer. The device is equipped with a plow that cuts the furrow and a mechanism that simultaneously puts potatoes into the ground. There is the possibility of adjusting the speed and step.
The disadvantage is the higher cost and high fuel costs for working with the unit. Also, the seed must be perfectly calibrated, otherwise there is a risk of damage.
Care for potatoes
Neva is used for hilling, removing weeds and fertilizing. They begin to spud when the first shoots appear. To do this, establish a hiller. There are both single working bodies, and double, accelerating row-spacing.
Fertilizers are applied during the hilling process, equipping the equipment with a special nozzle. Minerals are also added during planting if the potato planter is equipped with a special device.
Before you start digging to process the rows on the walk-behind tractor they’ll cut the bushes. To harvest the leaves from the garden, they also use special rakes.
It’s possible to dig potatoes using a simple plow. The fan potato digger is more effective, allowing you to dig out the vegetable without damage. The sharp part of the organ cuts the soil under the roots, and the fruits cling to the arrows that pull them out. The advantage of the organ is the ability to dig on all types of soil.
An analogue is the KKM-1 vibrating potato digger. The principle of its operation is in a vibrating housing. The plowshares cut the soil, and the potatoes fall onto a vibrating grid.The soil during shaking is removed through the holes, only the fruits remain. The disadvantage of this method is the complexity of the design and the possibility of damage to the dug potatoes during vibration.
The conveyor mechanism allows you to dig potatoes on a similar principle. The difference is soil removal using a conveyor, not vibration. The disadvantage of the mechanism is poor work in heavy soil. Digging in this way is more gentle to the fruits.
When planting and caring for potatoes, the Neva motoblock should follow all the rules for caring for the crop. Planting in very wet soil requires the formation of ridges.
Weeding is carried out regularly: young weeds are easier to eliminate. If you do not perform inter-row processing, the pests attack the potato.