Each gardener is engaged in growing potatoes. Vegetable is one of the main culinary products, which makes it popular. Planting potatoes with a motoblock is effective in medium-sized areas. The device speeds up the planting process, and is also used throughout the growing period and for harvesting.
- Using the motor block
- Preparation of seed
- Preparation of soil
- Planting rules
- Use of hiller
- Planting with a plow
- Using a potato planter
- Planting in the ridges
- Processing after planting
Using walking tractor
To plant potatoes using a motob OKA use the following brands of equipment:
- Belarus 09n;
Advantages of motoblocks:
- Versatility (the simplest and most universal are the Oka and Neva). Units are used for all types of work in the garden. They are suitable for tillage, planting crops and harvesting.
- Compactness (Oka). Motoblocks do not weigh as much as heavy types of equipment and do not take up much space.
- Economy. The motor of the unit does not require a lot of fuel. In 10 minutes, the unit consumes 100 ml.
- Accurate work with the soil during processing (Oka). The motoblock does not create strong pressure on the ground, such as tractors like MTZ-50 and MTZ-80.
- Easy to use (Neva). The unit is easy to manage and easy to maintain.
Preparing the seed
The first step is to cut the seed so that it is the same size. Only large tubers need to be cut, but it is better to use medium-sized potatoes. It gives a better crop than a small one.
The seed should be sprouted. For this, potatoes are placed in a warm and bright place for a month. When sorting tubers, those with dark spots are thrown away. This is a sign of a viral disease. Before planting, the potatoes are treated with a chemical solution against diseases.
Before planting potatoes with a walk-behind tractor, warm the soil to 8-10 ℃. For a better crop, mineral and organic fertilizers are added to the soil.
The soil should be plowed to a depth of 13-16 cm. To do this, a cutter is installed on the cultivator. Planting potatoes using a walk-behind tractor will be better done if you remove the wings on the unit and adjust the stroke. The next step is booking. The purpose of the procedure is the saturation of the soil with moisture and oxygen.
All operations are done by one unit, on which such modifiers are hung:
- milling cutter;
- card saw;
- wheel extensions;
Regardless of the method of planting potatoes using a walk-behind tractor, you should follow these tips:
- fertilize the soil before planting;
- make even furrows, which will facilitate care;
- row spacing in the region of 50-70 cm;
- distance between bushes 20-35 cm;
- planting depth 10-13 cm.
Distances It should be the same for all bushes. The width is uniform along the entire length of the row. To do this, tighten the reference ropes along the plot.
Use of the hiller
Planting potatoes with a motoblock with a hiller is used in small areas. The landing itself is manual, the walk-behind tractor cuts the furrows. When using the hiller, lugs are mounted on the walk-behind tractor.
After disembarking, the tool is changed to standard rubber wheels. This prevents damage to the potato during instillation.
For convenience, the spouts are additionally equipped with mounted planters. This reduces the cost of human labor.
The unit consists of the following set of devices:
- Conveyor. The mechanism works on the principle of a conveyor and feeds potatoes.
- Furrow maker. Slices a furrow.
- Distributor. Adjusts the speed of the potato.
- Disc. Used for hilling. Fills the furrows with soil after planting.
The advantage of planting potatoes using a walk-behind tractor with a plow is the simplicity of the operation. The disadvantage of this method is the need for manual laying of potatoes in a rut. The working body is the plow. They plant both single-row and double-row double.
The implementation technology consists in introducing the plow into the ground when the walk-behind tractor is moving. The working body digs the earth to a depth of 10-12 cm.
To plant potatoes with a plow is better for two people. The first works as an aggregate and monitors the row spacing, and the second puts the potatoes in the ground. A two-row plow is quicker to plant.
The advantage of the working body is its versatility. It is suitable for inter-row cultivation, hilling and other methods of working in the garden. The track from the plow is correct wide and even.
Using a potato planter
Advantages of planting potatoes with a potato planter:
- uniform landing;
- automation of the process;
- time saving;
- low need for human costs.
The method of planting potatoes with a potato planter allows you to plant and cultivate seeds simultaneously. There are also devices that fertilize at the same time as planting.
The disadvantage of working in the garden with a potato planter is the need for a properly calibrated seed. All tubers should be the same size, and shoots of medium length. If you plant incorrectly selected potatoes in this way, there is a risk of damage, which will reduce yield.
When planting, you need to carefully watch the row spacing and keep the track level. The method of using a potato planter is expensive compared to others. The motor block motor must be powerful to pull a heavy structure. Potato planters are common, so it’s possible to make a structure yourself, which will reduce the cost.
Landing in the combs
To plant potatoes in the garden in places where groundwater is located close to the surface, a method of forming rows in ridges is used. To do this, use a walk-behind tractor with special devices in the shape of paws.
The height of the ridges is 17-23 cm, depending on the working body. This method will protect the seed from excess water, which causes rot and disease. Sow in the ridges should only be in moist soil, otherwise the roots will not have enough nutrients.