When growing vegetables with seeds, it is necessary to take into account the vegetative process from beginning to end. However, many farmers ignore the minimum requirements, which leads to sad consequences. Let’s see how the Beijing cabbage is planted for seedlings.
- Culture Description
- Sowing dates
- Preparation of raw materials
- Planting <
- Transplanting into the ground
- Site preparation
- Transplant <
- Care <
- Conclusion <
Description of the crop
Petsay or lettuce is a two-year-old plant grown as an annual. delicate leaves, each of which is covered with ba Depending on the variety, the color of the product varies from pale yellow to bright green.
Culture is a favorite dish of the national cuisines of China, Korea and Japan. The vegetable came to Europe in the early 70s of the last century, however, it gained popularity only in the last few years. In addition to its excellent taste, the plant contains many useful substances such as:
- ascorbic acid;
- B vitamins (1, 2 and 6);
Due to the complex chemical composition, petsai are consumed both in fresh and processed form. In Europe, the culture has taken root in salads, although good taste characteristics allow it to be used in soups, side dishes and pickles.By the way, the plant is a relative of radish, daikon and broccoli.
To sow Beijing cabbage for seedlings, you need to choose the right time. The fact is that the vegetable is demanding on the heat and duration of the day. If daylight hours are more than 13 hours, then heads of cabbage are not formed. The plant develops at a temperature not lower than 14 and not higher than 25 C. In both cases, the culture shoots an arrow to the detriment of the outlet.
Unlike lettuce and cabbage, in our climatic conditions petsai can be grown 2 times a year – in spring and in the fall (mid-July). In the first case, seedlings have time to develop before the onset of heat, and in the second, a diminishing daylight hours protects against flowering. Without problems, the plant is cultivated in Siberia and Altai.
Almost all varieties of Peking cabbage have a short vegetative period – up to 60 days.
Planting seedlings of Peking cabbage for an early harvest spend a month before landing in the main place of growth. The most suitable dates for the Midland are the end of March and the beginning of April. In cooler regions, the optimal time is postponed to May or early June. The vegetable can withstand night frosts to -4 ° C without problems, however, the consequences of stress will be darting to the detriment of the head of the cabbage.
The most favorable time for sowing seeds is the phase of the growing moon. During this period, the grains hatch faster and take root without any problems.It is not recommended to engage in agricultural work on the new moon and full moon.
Preparation of raw materials
Professional hybrids are already processed, so any soaking will wash off the protective and nourishing layer. When sowing your seed material, it is necessary to carry out preventive measures. Before planting, carefully sort the seeds, leaving specimens larger than 1.5 mm.
The first step will be quenching in warm and cold water. Initially, the seed is placed for two minutes in a liquid with a temperature of 50 degrees, after which it is transferred to ice water at the same time. In conclusion, all the components are laid out on a napkin for drying.
In order to grow Beijing cabbage seedlings without problems, you need to disinfect the grains. For these purposes, solutions of Fitosporin-M or Maxim cottager, diluted according to the instructions, are suitable. After processing, the raw materials are soaked for a day in an accessible growth regulator – Epine or Zircon.
We plant any Peking cabbage for seedlings in properly selected soil. The plant prefers to develop in a mixture of coconut substrate, peat and sod land. The loose soil provides natural aeration of the roots, which prevents decay of the lower parts and the appearance of fungal diseases.Since the petsai does not like transplanting, it is better to choose special disposable pots or tablets as the container.
Having chosen the optimal time for sowing, a hole is made in the soil with a finger, the depth of which is not more than 1 cm. Three are put in each hole a grain, then sprinkled with earth. Gently moisturize, draining the remaining moisture. Unlike seedlings of other cultures, lettuce is left in a dark place at a temperature of 20-22 C. If the procedure was correct, the first shoots appear after 3 days.
After 3 adult leaves grow on the seedlings, weak sprouts gently pinch. When the seedlings release five plates, then you can proceed to planting at a constant place of growth. Remember that Petsai painfully undergoes manipulations with the roots, so we do not recommend diving the crop.
In the greenhouse, the vegetable must be planted directly in the ground. In this case, it is necessary to provide control over the level of humidity and heat. Lowering the temperature causes the shooter to start, and fungi and viruses are activated in wet soil.
Transplanting into the ground
It is important to observe that the cabbage bloomed all growing requirements.
The plant prefers to grow in well-drained fertile soil at maximum light. Vegetables have the same diseases and pests, so you should adhere to the rules of crop rotation.You can not grow cabbage after tomatoes and beets
The best predecessors:
All work on the preparation of the site is carried out in advance – in spring or autumn. Carefully dig up the soil, removing plant debris from previous crops. For the winter, humus and compost can be added. Before planting seedlings, make holes, adding to each tablespoon:
- wood ash.
Seedlings can be planted at a constant place of growth at suitable times. In order to grow large heads of cabbage, plant seedlings according to the 30×25 cm pattern, since the plant needs a large space. To grow lettuce leaves, the holes are placed closer to each other.
25 days after the seeds are hardened, they begin the main work. Remember that seedlings are very delicate and fragile, therefore, all actions are carried out carefully. Slowly lower the pot into the finished hole, sprinkle it with earth and slowly pour it under the root with warm water.
In the first two weeks of planting at night, protect it from frost with a film. By the way, artificially reducing daylight hours will help form a good head of cabbage. It is important not to forget to remove the material in the morning.
Seedlings of Beijing cabbage develop without problems in open ground. The optimum temperature should not be lower than 13 C and not higher than 25 C.To protect the plant from heat and cold, industrial technology involves shelter with lutrasil. The canvas not only protects against adverse climatic conditions, but also prevents the penetration of the cruciferous flea.
14 days after planting at a constant place of growth, the beds are mulched. The procedure retains moisture in the soil and prevents weeds from growing. natural aeration of the roots.
Plantation is irrigated once a week. In order to grow healthy petsai from seeds and seedlings, you must not flood the planting. Before any event, the land must have time to dry. Every 14 days, watering with fertilizers are forbidden for half a month before harvesting.
If you want to plant Chinese cabbage seedlings for seedlings, you should carefully consider the requirements of the culture. Knowing the timing and characteristics of sowing and care, you can easily avoid common mistakes.