- How to choose a grade for open ground
- Ripening time
- Structure and height of the bush
- Resistance to adverse conditions and diseases
- Early ripening
- Asti Yellow
- Toreador red and yellow
- White-eye <
- Present of Moldova
- California Miracle
- The best hybrids for open ground
- Gemini F1
- Claudio F1
- Samander F1
- Hot peppers for I’m open ground
- Conclusion <
How to choose a variety for open ground
When choosing a variety pay attention to a number of qualities:
- ripening time;
- structure and height of the bush;
- resistance to drought, changes and temperature drops;
- disease resistance.
For cultivation in the northern regions with sharply continental climate (Ural, Siberia) itelno choose ultrarannie and early-maturing varieties, which ripen through 95-120 days.For regions with a milder climate (Moscow region, Central regions), in addition to early ripening varieties, mid-ripening ones that ripen in 125-140 days are suitable.
Structure and height of the bush
Best suitable for growing on open beds varieties of the determinant type with bushes up to 80 cm, highly developed stems and a powerful root system. During periods of bad weather, the occurrence of wind and heavy rains, undersized varieties are less susceptible to mechanical damage. Also, small bushes spend less energy on building green mass, and energy is used for tying and fruit formation.
Tall varieties require additional care: garters for supports, formation and pinching.
Resistance to adverse conditions and diseases
In open ground, plants are more susceptible to atmospheric effects: cold rains, temperature changes. They negatively affect the process of nutrition, growth and maturation.
Resistance to various diseases is also very important: this increases the chances of growing healthy plants without resorting to radical methods of protection.
Unpretentious in care and disease-resistant varieties, as well as modern hybrids bred specifically for open ground, are suitable for cultivation.
To early ripening are varieties that ripen in 95-120 days. They manage to ripen in the conditions of a short cool summer before the mass defeat of late blight.
Early bell peppers intended for cultivation on open beds are necessarily sown for seedlings. The best time to sow the seeds is mid-March to early April.
Among the early ones, the following are particularly popular:
- Asti Yellow;
- Toreodor red;
- Toreodor yellow;
They are easy to care for and unpretentious to the place of cultivation, they are high and stable Productivity.
Aisti Yellow is an orange high-yielding sweet pepper of an early type of ripening Italian selection. Bushes are powerful, up to 55 cm, with a strong central stem and medium branching. The first ripened fruits are harvested already 80-90 days after planting the seedlings.
Peppers grow large, weighing 210-300 g, with juicy walls 0.7-1 cm. Their shape is four-section, cubic. Harvest begins at the stage of technical ripeness, when the pepper has already gained mass and has acquired a green or light yellow color.
Asti Yellow has a sweet taste and crisp flesh.
The variety is resistant to nightshade diseases and easily adapts to short-term drought and temperature drops.
A large-fruited early ripening variety ripens at 75-85 day after landing in the ground. Plants are sparse – up to 0.6 m. The root system is highly developed. The fruits are large, weighing up to 300 g. The walls are fleshy, up to 10 mm. The shape is cubic with 4 clear cameras. The fruits turn red when fully ripened.
When the temperature drops, the variety does not take off its flowers and ovary. Among the shortcomings, the need to tie the bushes to the support is highlighted.
Toreador red and yellow
Early bell pepper, ripening begins on day 95-105. Bushes undersized 35-55 cm with strong side stems. High-yielding, 14-17 peppers with a weight of 120-150 g are tied on the bush. The walls are dense, medium thickness (0.6-0.7 cm).
According to the description, Toreodor has a spherical, slightly ribbed shape. The fruits are well preserved, do not lose their elasticity, rarely suffer from rot and late blight.
Belozerka is a popular ultra-early (90-100 days) variety of sweet peppers, it is not one year are grown both on individual household plots, and on farmlands for industrial purposes. It is unpretentious to the place of cultivation, resistant to pathogens and pests.
Bushes erect, 0.6 m in height. The fruits are conical, weighing 60-90 g.About 4 kg of pale yellow fruits are collected from one bush. The pulp is crispy, 5-7 mm. Belozerka is a universal variety, fruits are widely used for industrial processing and freezing.
These are peppers that ripen in 120-140 days. If you sow seeds for seedlings on March 5-10, mid-season peppers ripen only a few days later than early-ripening ones. Mid-season fruits are distinguished by large fruits with thick walls.
Gift of Moldova
Gift of Moldova is the most popular and famous variety that is cultivated in many regions. According to the description, its shtambovy type bushes, 45-65 cm high, with strong stems. On a plant 8-12 fruits are tied. Productivity is regular and stable, which allows you to collect an average of 5 kg per 1 sq. Km. m.
Ripened fruits are painted in bright red color with a glossy sheen. The fruit mass is 150-200 g, the shape is conical, gradually narrowed towards the end. The gift of Moldova is used in its raw form, as well as for preparing lecho, adjika and other dishes.
The variety is not prone to defeat by fusarium, and copes well with negative factors during worsening weather conditions.
Veronica is a productive high-yielding variety.On a medium-sized strong bush (60-70 cm), 12-15 fruits weighing 300-400 g are tied.
Maturation occurs in 130-145 days from the appearance of seedlings. The fruits are juicy, thick-walled, with a uniform crunchy and sweet flesh, have a rich cherry color. They are designed for both fresh consumption and processing.
Among the advantages are:
- high productivity;
- stress resistance;
- good transportability;
- ease of care;
- lack of exactingness for the garter.
Veronica grows well and bears fruit even with a thickened planting, So, on 1 sq. m plant up to 7 bushes.
This famous variety has not lost its leadership position for many years, and many gardeners prefer the California Miracle to modern hybrids. As simple as possible in agricultural technology, the variety is perfectly cultivated in unprotected soil in the middle zone, has a high yield, stable fruiting even under adverse conditions.
Strong bush, with a height of 50 cm, does not require garter even when reaching a height of 1 m On the bush, from 10 fruits are formed in the form of a cube with 4 chambers. The fruits are uniform, medium in size, weighing 100-150 g. The color of ripened fruits depends on the variety and varies from bright yellow to deep red. The peel has a beautiful smooth surface with a glossy sheen. The structure of the pulp is homogeneous, crisp.The California miracle is close in characteristics to hybrids.
The best hybrids for open ground
Many hybrids of modern breeding are adapted for cultivation in open ground and greenhouses.
Among the most famous and popular varieties, the following are distinguished:
- Gemini F1;
- Claudio F1;
- Samander F1.
These are early ripe high-yielding varieties, the fruits of which are large in size and have excellent taste. m The only drawback of hybrids is the need to purchase seeds every year, because it is not always possible to get the same maternal yield from seeds obtained from grown fruits.
Early high-yielding Bayer Nunhems hybrid Gemini F1 is designed for open ground. It has compact upright bushes up to 0.6 m high, well leafy, which protects the crop from sunburn. Up to 10 peppers of bright yellow color, weighing 350-400 g, are formed on the stem. Fruits, elongated, cubic in shape, large in size, reach 18 cm in length and about 9 cm in diameter.
The fruits ripen through 70-75 days from the time of planting of young bushes in open ground.
When stored, if the temperature regime is observed (2-5 ° C), the variety does not lose characteristics for about 30 days.
The bushes are resistant to drought, heat, and also to a short-term sharp drop in temperature.
The hybrid variety is intended for cultivation on an open bed and in greenhouses, it is famous for productivity and is one of the most thick-walled sweet peppers. On the bushes 10-12 fruits are tied. They begin to ripen in 75-80 days from the moment of planting the seedlings.
The fruits have an elongated cuboid shape, four-chamber, bright red. Their average weight is from 200 g, wall thickness – up to 15 mm. The fruit grows in length about 14 cm.
The variety is resistant to a number of diseases:
- to the mosaic;
- to the potato virus;
- to tobacco mosaic.
It tolerates long-term transportation and storage.
The very early high-yielding hybrid Samander F1 was successfully cultivated in unprotected soil. It is distinguished by record-breaking rapid ripening, in the state of technical maturity, the fruit is removed 50-65 days after transplanting.
A feature of the variety is its ability to tie up to 20 fruits weighing even under adverse conditions (drought, temperature below 22 ° C) 140-200 g on a bush.
Samander fruits are distinguished by an elongated-conical shape. Fully ripened peppers become rich red. In length they grow up to 20 cm. This hybrid is transportable and well stored, grown for industrial purposes.