A country house and farm is an excellent option for starting your own farming business. For example, you can do breeding poultry. Most often, geese are selected for breeding: they require the least expenses for their maintenance, are unpretentious in care and show high production results. Goose farm is by far the most common type of private enterprise among start-up businessmen in livestock business.So what really should be a farm for breeding quality geese? Let’s take a look below.
- What gives goose production
- How to organize the work
- How to care for the livestock and build a house
- How to properly increase the growth of livestock
- How to feed the birds
- How to calculate profitable is your case?
What gives goose production
Goose farm – non-waste f economy, if you use it as a business promotion. What can I get from a goose farm?
- meat products;
- organic fertilizers.
The life expectancy of geese in comparison with other species of poultry is much longer. And although this criterion is not very important in the setting of poultry farms, it significantly affects the production of eggs. An adult, mature goose 2-3 years old will carry eggs better than young animals. The cost of goose meat in small farms is lower than veal, but higher than pork, which makes it a rather profitable product.The goose farming business has another major advantage: even a beginner poultry farmer can handle it. The main thing is to thoroughly prepare and prepare a plan for a goose farm.
So, the business of breeding geese involves two ways of conducting:
- to breed geese in a tribe;
- to grow geese in order to get meat.
The second way is most often chosen by small-scale beginner farms, which eventually move to the first method. To grow livestock with the aim of obtaining meat does not require special investments, and the profitability is quite high. Most of the moderately developed ones combine both ways of doing business, which significantly increases income.
It is a mistake to think that raising and rearing geese on a goose farm does not require any preparation or miscalculations. To successfully conduct any business, you must first draw up a plan. You need to evaluate the profitability of the business in your area, evaluate competitors, calculate how much equipment, poultry, feeding and building houses will cost.
How to organize the work
so that the goose farm starts to function, you must acquire a herd of at least 500 goals. First of all, you should think about which breed you plan to breed. Here you have to rely only on your instinct, because the opinions of experts in this matter differ very much. Below we consider the most popular breeds.
- Kuban geese are considered one of the most profitable breeds for egg productivity. They are classified as light type, the maximum weight of the male is 6 kg.
- Edmen geese are large, well-fed representatives, the maximum weight of males is 10 kg, the females are 8 kg.
- Arzamas representatives of the family goose – the most stable species. Such individuals rarely get sick and tolerate frosts.
- Italian white geese are characterized by rapid growth and good weight (about 9 kg), rather high fecundity (up to 50 eggs).
- Toulouse geese include to hepatic breeds. Their characteristic feature is a sedentary lifestyle, high weight and fat content. The maximum weight of the gander is 12 kg.
- The Gorky geese belong to the meat-egg breeds.
- The Kholmogory geese are distinguished by their large size and rather high egg laying.
- Large gray geese are popular, due to its meat-like qualities.
- Danish legart is a species of geese that are the most profitable in keeping and breeding. This breed is rapidly gaining weight, already in 2 months the goslings weigh up to 6 kg.
For beginners, the Danish legart breed is most likely the best option, but in the future, you can dilute the livestock with other breeds . To improve the quality of egg production, it is recommended to take any of the breeds presented and just cross it with a goose of Chinese color, so you can increase the existing figure by almost 2 times.Having opened a goose farm, it is important to select the number of geese not only depending on the breed qualities, but also to focus on the climatic conditions of your area.
How to care for the livestock and build a house
In order for the goose farm to function properly and generate income, it is necessary to familiarize yourself with the conditions of maintenance and care, choose the right equipment. To live, birds need a house equipped with nests, drinking bowls, feeders. Ideally, the thickness of the walls of the shed for birds should be from 3 cm. For the winter, it is necessary to insulate the shed, lay the litter of wood sawdust on the floor. The geese spend most of the day outside.
An important point is to equip the nearby poultry house with a large bathhouse, as well as a place for walking that cannot be reached by wild and domestic animals. The size of the housing for maintenance will directly depend on the number of goals. For each goose, there must be at least 1 square meter. m.
As for the conditions of detention, the barn should be dry. If the litter is wet, you can change it partially or add more sawdust. Especially in winter, it is important to ensure that under the paws of the poultry there is a lining with a thickness of at least 30 cm. There should not be a draft in the barn. The two weakest places in the goose are the legs and beak, so you should always take care of their dryness and cleanliness.
Cultivation of geese of different ages, especially just hatched, and aggressive individuals should occur in separate rooms. To do this, the main room is divided into several parts. The nests for the geese should stand separately during hatching, and it is best that they be fenced so that the winged can not see each other.
How to properly increase the growth of the population
A goose farm will be a successful investment only if it is wise to approach the cultivation of geese. To do this, you need to choose the right pair. It is not recommended to reduce individuals with closely related relationships, this will reduce the survival rate of the livestock and reduce production performance. In order not to be mistaken, you need to buy birds from several breeders.
A successful breeding gander will contribute to successful breeding. It is very important to examine the bird from all sides in order to determine its quality. An excellent fighting male is considered excellent for breeding. The gander is heavier than the goose, and at the ends of the wings it should have a kind of scissors, these are 2 small feathers. On the wings of a quality bird, 20 fly feathers of two orders are observed, and on the tails there should be an equal number of upper and lower tail feathers.
The male is able to maintain the profitability of the goose farm for 8- 10 years. Each male has 4-5 geese. Every year it is necessary to replenish the livestock with young individuals, in the percentage ratio their number in the herd should be 20-30%. Oviposition lasts from February to March. Each egg should be placed in a dry place at an air temperature of 7-13 ° C.
If the female lays many eggs, but she does not sit on them, she does not need to be discarded immediately.Eggs can be placed under another, less prolific goose. It is best to lay eggs in the nests in the evening. On day 10-27, all eggs need to be examined under an ovoscope, rejected. After 28 days from the beginning of the incubation, you need to spray the testicles with water. The offspring will hatch on day 30.
How to feed the birds
A housekeeping plan involves a specific diet for the birds, depending on what the breeder expects as a result breeding. It is recommended to start feeding and watering the chicks after they are dry. Newborns are fed every couple of hours during the first 5 days.
In the diet of goslings, hard-boiled eggs, cottage cheese, fish oil, and baker’s yeast must be present. A clear control of the cleanliness of food and drink should be made all the time. When the chicks turn 10 days old, you can add a little potassium permanganate to the water. Water for birds should be freely available and in sufficient quantity, because they not only drink it, but also wash their beaks with it.
It is important to properly organize a feeding place. Trays with low sides are suitable for kids, and already on the third day they can put small wooden troughs so that they do not trample the food. Already at the age of one month, goslings can eat freely from adult dishes.For a period of up to 2.5 months, a rather large amount of feed will go away:
- greens about 30 kg;
- cereals about 12 kg;
- combined feeds 3 kg .
In the summer, geese must be grazed. If there is no possibility to do this, it is necessary to ensure a sufficient supply of greenery. In winter, in the diet, you need to replace greens with 30% coarse foods rich in fiber, introduce more root crops.
How to calculate if your business is profitable?
Do it yourself will cost many times cheaper than hiring workers and stuff. In any case, do not skimp on materials for the house, it is better to immediately prepare a quality tree so that the bird does not freeze in winter and does not hurt. This will be in the region of 150,000 rubles. It is best to buy a livestock in a geese farm in bulk and immediately about 50 o units. Firstly, buying in bulk will be cheaper, and secondly, it is not known what survival rate the birds bought.
Another nuance that the plan should take into account is the purchase of different breeds, even if it will cost more, but then you can Know exactly which one is more profitable to keep. You will also need to buy grain, purchase an incubator and an ovoscope, although, of course, it is more profitable at times to breed by the natural method. To protect your mini-project, it is better to fork out and vaccinate each individual in the livestock, because if one bird gets sick, the rest will die.
It is also necessary to draw up all papers and permits for the sale of birds. The goose population gains marketable weight within 3-4 months, so if the project is drawn up correctly, there is a chance to recoup your investments in a year and build a successful business.
The market segment for breeding geese has not yet been fully mastered, so even a novice poultry farmer will be able to show healthy competitiveness in other farms, which are not so many, which is why all investments, if you approach this matter wisely, will be more than paid off 12 months. If the concept is not fully understood, you can watch the video: goose farm, which details how to establish your own farm.
If the area allows you and you have experience in doing business, then this business is for you. The most important thing is to correctly prepare a business plan in order to calculate the likely risks and really assess your prospects in this market. Most farmers who have been breeding geese for marketing for a long time say that it’s a profitable business and repels the money invested with interest.
So, the question of what should be a farm for growing healthy geese is open, now you can proceed its implementation.