The main product on the Ural table is onions. Many agricultural producers grow this plant, and the owners of their own plots work on vegetables in their gardens. Onions are an unusually viable plant, but in different regions it needs different care, so planting onions in the Urals has its own characteristics and its own nuances. If the planting rules are not followed, the crop will be small and poor.
This vegetable is quite hardy, it is not always bred in an area with a warm climate th area, but also in a cold environment. For some gardeners in the Urals, onion planting is a family tradition.
Onion varieties for the Urals
In the Urals, it is optimal to grow onions. The situation for him is not distinguished by the subtlety of the bio-climate. Spring comes late, and autumn is too premature. When choosing onions for the Urals, it is necessary to consider early ripening varieties.
The visceral time for cozy onion growth is selected individually, but the local people manage to grow a very good crop of medicinal fruit.
Before deciding when to plant the onions in the Urals, you need to take time to choose a variety that is suitable for the conditions.To choose the right type of culture, you should carefully consider the following varieties of onions for such a region. Usually planted in the Urals:
- Siberian annual;
- Studtgarden Riesen;
Of course, this is just part of the onion varieties. Each greengrocer of the Urals makes his own choice about materials and planting. When selecting, they are guided by the seed and sowing of a plant adapted to the agricultural climate. For a short summer, it is better to pay attention to early and mid-season varieties of onions.
Planting onion sets in the Urals: rules
Onion sets for planting in the Urals can be obtained different ways. Some owners find it possible to grow turnips – plant seed in the winter. Better turnip takes root in the spring. But the fact when planting onion sets in the Urals will primarily depend on the soil features and climatic conditions of the region.
Not all methods are good for the Urals. When and how to plant onion sets in the Urals?
- The best way to plant seeds is in a barn or urn for a certain period before planting in the open ground.
- It is definitely necessary to plant a set of seeds in the ground early spring.
- The best choice is planting a seed. With this planting, a quality product is obtained in 2 years.
A great way is growing onion sets for the harsh Urals in the area near the house or in the country. Good hosts achieve the desired result in one season. Proper care of the plant is also important. Seedlings before planting in the ground should be 20-40 days old. Land for growing turnip varieties should be prolific. You can add ammonium nitrate or ash from firewood. You can not use the soil from the areas where the varietal onion sets in the Urals or garlic were planted. The soil is poured with good boiling water. You can add potassium permanganate in order to get rid of the fungus.
There are no special secrets when breeding sprouts of the family variety.
Chernushka without activation can be in the soil for a long time, and time its germination will change significantly. To stir the seeds, they are kept in not very cold water for a couple of hours.
March is a convenient time for planting in the Urals. Grains are planted in the ground in a row at a distance of not less than 1.5 cm. Between the rows there should be a distance of 5 cm. The soil layer on top should not exceed 1 cm. Then the soil is tapped with a palm to ensure the weaving of seeds and earth, then watered and covered package. You can put the plant in a fairly warm place.
The rapid growth of the seed will ensure proper soil care and a temperature of 19 to 21 ° C. When it becomes clear that the sprouts begin to appear on the surface, the bag can be removed and the temperature reduced to 16 ° C.It is important to provide the plant with light so that the sprouts do not gird.
Care for onion sprouts in difficult conditions
Polishing for onion seedlings is not absolutely necessary if the planting of the seeds was not too thick . Looking after the sprouts does not reveal a lot of difficulties. Onions are watered only when the soil is slightly dry. Drying the seeds is also not recommended, otherwise there is a risk of losing a good piece of vegetable.
According to the rules, they plant onions when the sun has already warmed the ground well. April is just such a month. Onions do not particularly need warm earth, and a temperature of 8-10 ° C is very optimal. Why then should bulbs be planted at such times? The reason lies in the fact that onions are affected by the parasite – the onion fly. In early spring, this insect is not as noticeable as in summer. While it is not there, the plant can perfectly master in the ground.
When planting, it is better to choose a cloudy day. If it is very hot in the afternoon, evening is a good time to work.
A vessel with a vegetable should be filled with water: it will be more convenient to sort the seedlings. A separate sprout needs preparation before planting:
- Trim the roots to 2 cm.
- Shorten the top by 3 cm.
- Defuse the sprout in a clay mash or manure.
Substitute the plant at a slight angle, sprinkle with earth only the roots. Spread the roots so that they are directed downward in the pit. Plant onions must be at a distance of 6-7 cm.
You can plant plants in hollows and wilds, if the goal is a green feather, in order to eat it. When all the onions have already been planted in the garden, it must be watered. While the onion has not consolidated in the ground, seedlings are regularly watered.
Planting chernushka in the regions of the Urals
You can grow individual varieties of onion in the Urals from chernushka directly in the ground. Exclusively in this situation, you need to choose the seed of a quick-onion variety. The cost of sowing will exceed the method of planting seedlings.
Prepare chernushka, as well as seedlings. Sow seeds on flat beds.
- Measure distances under 25-40 cm.
- Plant seeds 1 cm from each other.
- For a better view of the seed dust it from the hole with chalk.
- Mulch the earth to preserve moisture. The formation of bark on top of plants on the soil must not be allowed.
Frequent frost frosts damage the bulbs at night. In order to hatch the seed more vividly, the beds are covered with whatever material you like, but not from dense fabric.
Appearing sprouts are systematically watered, poking between the rows of earth. Older seedlings are cleaned a couple of times from weeds to form a distance of more than 20 cm. Planted onions in the ground require fertilizer. You can use special feed or manure.
Of course, it is possible to grow turnip from sevka not only in the Urals, but also in other places, only here onions ripen faster than in other regions.The main thing is the proper care and care of the plant.
In order to get rid of a future disease, turnips are prepared in advance. Dates must be calculated, because not all varieties of onions will grow in the Urals, since a month after neutralization, everything needs to be planted in the ground.Somewhere in the month of April, it is important to provide the heat set. A more convenient place for this is the kitchen. You can put the plant in a cupboard, and fill the desired material with a layer in a drawer.
Onions before planting gradients. This means that before planting the seed material, onions are selected in size. They look most at the diameter of the vegetable, crop growth and yield depend on it:
- Bulbs less than 1 cm – for early planting.
- The best option for getting onions is 1 head in size -2 cm.
- The largest set is given the name sample. It is undesirable for use, since all this will give only a feather and no crop.
After all, soak the seeds in a mixture of ash, add fertilizer: so the onion absorbs moisture better. It is likely that various pests and parasites winter on the winter. To remove them, a mixture of potassium permanganate is put into operation. After two hours of neutralization, the plant is washed with water.
There is still a good solution of birch tar. With 1 liter of water, mix 2 tbsp. l this material. This is a wonderful onion fly protection. After application, you can not rinse with water.
How to prepare beds for planting onions
It is not recommended to plant onions in old places, it is allowed to do this only after a year or two. It is best to plant after potatoes, beans, cabbage, cucumbers or carrots.
Most hosts grow this vegetable next to carrots.
Dig beds between plants more widely, do this to eliminate the onion fly, since it does not tolerate the smell of carrots. For several days everyone is covered with a thin white cloth or cellophane.
For residents of the Urals, growing onions with different methods is not only the extraction of a tasty and healthy vegetable, but also very fascinating occupation. It is very useful to get a clean product, and this is possible when you spend all the work at home in the garden.
It is important to harvest the crop on time so that it does not dry out in the sun. For onions, a special storage room and conditions for cultivation to be productive are important. The main thing is to dry and peel the heads well. It is stored for a long time, this makes onions a unique product for consumption.