Caring for peppers in open ground requires certain recommendations to be followed. Following them helps to strengthen the plant and achieve a high yield.
- Temperature mode
- Watering <
- Loosening and hilling
- Loosening <
- Mulching <
- Steping and bush formation
- Feeding <
- Diseases and pests
- Conclusion <
Pepper is a heat-loving culture. It will not develop and grow properly at low temperatures. Opti Indicators from 20 ° C to 25 ° C are considered to be primary.
At a temperature below 14 ° C, the plants stop growing. In cool weather (13 ° C), the bushes are covered with plastic wrap. lilac color indicates inappropriate temperature conditions.
After planting the plants in a permanent place, the earth is moistened every 2-3 days, bringing in 1-2 liters of water. This contributes to their good survival. Further watering is done in this way:
- before flowering – once every 7 days, in heat – 2 times;
- during flowering and fruiting – 2-3 times in 7 days .
In the first case, the water flow should be 12 liters per 1 sq. km. m., in the second – 14 liters per 1 sq. km. mAfter the ripening of the fruits takes a break. When the flowers reappear, watering is resumed. The amount of water is adjusted, depending on the type of soil: for heavy land, its lower consumption is required, for light – more. The culture needs moisture in the soil when all parts of the plant darken.
Water is applied only under the root so that it does not fall on the leaves and stems. The temperature of the liquid must match the temperature of the soil. Keep track of its quantity. Sweet pepper does not like excess or lack of water, therefore, in rainy weather, watering is reduced or stopped altogether. On hot days, the leaves of the bushes fade, but this is not a sign of the need for water.
Do not let the earth dry for a long time.
When the nights are cold, plants are watered only in the morning. If they are warm, you can add water in the morning and evening. Watering is done from different sides of the row, alternating.
Loosening and hilling
After planting on a permanent place, bell pepper stops growth for 2 weeks. The culture adapts to new conditions and increases the root system. Do not loosen at this time so as not to damage weakened plants.
Loosening is recommended after 2 weeks after transplanting. The depth of land incorporation should not exceed 5-10 cm in order to avoid damage to the surface root system of the culture.For soil with a heavy structure, loosening to a greater depth, this will help to well ventilate and warm the ground.
The soil is loosened after each irrigation and rain. At the same time, wait until it dries a little. Dry crusting must not be allowed.
Plant care includes regular weed removal so that they do not suppress peppers. Bushes spud to lignification of the stem. The procedure helps to enhance the growth of culture, increase oxygen access to the root system, prevents the development of pathologies. Such actions provide a good harvest.
Mulching helps retain moisture in the soil. Weeds do not develop under the mulch. But this can be done only after warming up the soil.
Pasynkovanie and the formation of a bush
In Bulgarian pepper, the lower shoots are removed (the exception is non-deserted varieties). The procedure is performed during the summer using scissors. Better cut off stepsons in hot weather for quick healing of wounds. You can lubricate them with charcoal.
When most fruits are tied, pinch the top of the plant and remove the inflorescences. Vegetables from them will not have time to ripen, they will only take on themselves part of the food.
Compact sotra peppers do not require forming. Care must be taken to monitor growth for highly branched varieties. They remove extra shoots and those that grow inside the bush. Pruning is carried out for the purpose of additional lighting, since thickening does not contribute to a high yield. Large varieties require garter to pegs in order to prevent plant breakdown.
Compliance with the rules for caring for sweet pepper when grown in open ground provides for its stimulation. During the growing season, the culture is fed 3 times:
- The first fertilizer is applied 2 weeks after planting in open ground. For this purpose, use a solution of slurry, which is prepared in a ratio of 1: 5. Instead, you can use a solution of bird droppings in a ratio of 1:10. Such fertilizer is also used: 1 tbsp. l carbamide, 1 tbsp. l superphosphate, 10 l of water. 1 liter of product is poured under each bush.
- The second time they are fed during mass flowering. Such fertilizer is used: 40-60 g of superphosphate, 150-200 g of wood ash, 10 l of water. Consumption – 1 liter per plant.
- The third time top dressing is applied during the period of mass formation of fruits. To do this, use a solution of mullein or bird droppings. You can prepare mineral fertilizer: 2 tsp. potassium salt, 2 tsp. superphosphate, 10 l of water. Pour 1 liter of liquid under 1 bush.
Diseases and pests
The process of caring for sweet pepper includes the prevention and control of disease. Most often, the culture is affected:
- black leg;
- bacterial, verticillus, fusarium wilt.
To prevent them, crop rotation must be observed, buy quality seeds, do weeding on time. When infected, diseased plants are removed.
The main pests of the vegetable include:
- spider mites;
To combat aphids, a solution is prepared: 200-250 g of wood ash is poured with 10 l of hot water (50 ° C).
The following infusion helps against mites: 200 g of chopped garlic or onion 200 g of dandelion leaves per 1 bucket of water. Liquids in both cases insist a day, filter. Apply at different periods of plant development.
Slugs will not harm the culture if you regularly loosen the soil. A good way to combat slugs is to sprinkle with ground pepper or dry mustard (1 tsp. Per 1 sq. M.).
for sweet pepper is necessary, considering all the recommendations. Failure to do so may harm plants. The culture responds well to feeding, but their excess affects it badly (you can burn the roots). It is also worth monitoring the amount of water introduced and the depth of the soil when loosening.