Potatoes Lubava is a popular varietal variety of solanaceous crops among summer residents who grow vegetables in household plots. By following all the recommendations and rules for plant care, you can get a high yield.
- Features of the
- Advantages and disadvantages
- Soil preparation
- Pest Control
Description of varietal characteristics of Lyubava potatoes will help to properly care for the plant and get a good harvest potato variety Lyubava is of medium height, bushes of intermediate type growth, semi-upright stems. Red-violet corollas are medium in size. The leaves are small, open in shape.
Lyubava potatoes ripen early. Period from germination of the first sprouts to technical maturity ranges from 70 to 75 days. The tubers have a medium density red peel. A characteristic feature of the potato is its oval-round shape and shallow eye. By average, Lyubava potatoes have a mass of tubers from 110 to 215 g. Pulp contains up to 16.9% starch.
Advantages and disadvantages
Characteristics of the Lyubava variety a large number of quality indicators.This proves that this potato has some superiority over other potato varieties.
Lubava seed potatoes have the following advantages:
- excellent taste;
- large fruits;
- varietal marketability is up to 98%;
- the simultaneous formation of tuber groups;
- by average indicators in tubers contains 1.5% more starch than in standard cultivars of the nightshade genus;
- resistance to the development of tuber cancer cells;
- high tolerance to drought.
Disadvantages of this culture include low resistance to certain diseases. During the cultivation of the Lyubava variety, potato tops should be processed. This varietal variety is susceptible to the golden nematode and often the bushes are affected by late blight.
The plant belongs to the group of early varietal varieties that are grown to obtain double yield from one planting site . To obtain the earliest possible harvest, tubers should be sprouted 1.5 months before planting in the soil.
In order for the plant to develop well and bear fruit, proper conditions must be provided.In autumn, you need to decide on what area the potatoes will be grown next year in order to properly prepare the soil.
Features of soil preparation:
- The place for planting is dry and protected from the negative influence of cold northerly winds.
- The soil for planting is light sandy or loamy type.
- The predecessors for growing crops are different types of root crops, cucumbers.
- About 300 are filled in tubers before planting tubers humus and 25 g of wood ash.
On the site in the autumn, the soil is not recommended nduetsya break into smaller lumps. Large soil fractions freeze better in winter, and with them the remains of weed seeds, as well as pest eggs. The best time is mid-April, at this time the soil warms up well to 12 cm. In adverse weather conditions, frosts, planting is recommended to be postponed for some time.
Seed potatoes are planted in this way:
- The depth of planting potato tubers is 10-12 cm.
- The distance between the holes is at least 40 cm.
- The distance between the rows is about 90 cm.
- B rotted manure or compost substrate is filled in the hole.
- The tubers are placed in the holes and are covered with fertile soil.
P follows planting should be carried out watering plants.Each well requires 500 ml of water.
Description of agricultural technical measures for crop care: timely hilling, loosening of the soil, removal of weed grasses, fertilizing and watering. This varietal variety is resistant to adverse climatic conditions.
An important stage in the initial stage of the growing season is hilling, which acts as a protective measure against possible frost during early planting. In the southern regions, the first stage of hilling is carried out when the potato tops reach about 25 cm. (10 liters per bush). This will moisten the soil to a depth of half a meter.
Water the bushes directly under the root, not on the leaves. This method of irrigation prevents soil waterlogging and the development of late blight. The first watering is recommended after the appearance of flowers. You can also water the beds two to three times for the entire period of tuber ripening. Watering stops 7 days before digging.
For a good crop, fertilizer should be applied. As the first top dressing, a solution is used:
- 10 l of water;
- 0.5 l of mullein;
- 17 g of urea.
Under one bush, the solution is applied in the amount of half a rub. The second phase of fertilizer application falls on the period of budding. To do this, use a solution with a small amount of wood ash.
Lyubava potatoes need to be treated for a number of diseases and pests.
Various means of chemical (insecticides) and natural origin (wood ash) are used to combat diseases.
Mostly the bushes are affected Colorado potato beetle. Many gardeners manually collect these insects and their larvae. This method of struggle is by far the most effective, as the Colorado potato beetle quickly adapts to the effects of various chemicals and subsequently affects potato bushes.
Description of cultivation agricultural technology and care features for plants of this varietal variety, a high yield of tasty and healthy vegetables will be achieved. Potatoes are used for cooking first and second courses, as well as raw materials for fries and chips.