Correct fit and care for crops in the greenhouse can increase the amount of yield. Arrangement of a place for planting tomatoes saves a person time and resources. Unpretentious varieties of tomatoes grow rapidly in the greenhouse and need special care: if you tie the tomatoes in the greenhouse in a timely manner, you can avoid diseases and spoilage of fruits during ripening.
- Why do we need a garter of the bushes
- Features of the garter
- Tomato growth without garter
- What is used for the garter
- Preparation for the procedure
- Stakes and metal supports
- Horizontal garter method
- Wireframe and grid
Why do we need a garter bushes
Experienced gardeners know that tying up the culture in pa rnike doubles the quantity of the crop and improves its quality: all tomato varieties that are planted in greenhouse conditions need decoration. Garter of tall varieties is especially important: under the weight of ripening fruits, the green lashes break and begin to rot.
If tying in open ground bushes is optional, then for greenhouses such a measure is simply necessary. Low-growing varieties grow well without additional support and even in cramped conditions they give a stable crop, but for them they reduce the space in the greenhouse with the help of supports. Cucumbers to improve fruiting without additional fertilizer and irrigation of the soil are attached to the supports. Step-by-step tying requires further care of the plant: cleaning and trimming of extra lashes is mandatory.
Features of the garter
Tying bushes makes it easier to care for: it becomes easier to water and fertilize the root system (in tomatoes, the rhizome is in the upper layers of the soil). The vertical arrangement of the lashes allows you to save space.
To lash the lashes use:
- high-quality materials;
- peeled and sanitized stakes and rods;
Wire and rope are not used because they can harm the stem and cause the plant to die.
After the stepsons (cucumbers or tomatoes grow in the greenhouse), the bush grows naturally, and the lashes form fruits . Zelentsy rarely ripen, but at the same time they draw juices from the stem.
Depletion of the root system with minimal watering affects the quality and size of the fruit on the main stem. Pasynkovka is carried out only on a tied plant – an integrated approach to the design of lashes allows you to get a better crop.
Tomato growth without garter
If you do not tie up cucumbers and tomatoes, the fruits formed on lower surface lashes ripen unevenly and in most cases rot. Vegetables in the shadow side have a non-commodity appearance and are not used for the preparation of marinades or spins. Due to overgrown lashes, root rot appears. It is dangerous for neighboring healthy crops.
Because of the growing lower lashes during irrigation, the fruits become contaminated: irregular watering of the plant leads to decay of green fruits.
Danger to lying on the ground tomatoes are slugs and pests. Unformed lashes are susceptible to tomato disease – late blight: fungal spores fall on the fruit directly from the soil.
What is used for garter
The garter of tomatoes depends on the conditions in which seedlings are planted: in a polycarbonate greenhouse, the same methods of plant decoration are used as in open ground.
How to tie tomatoes in a polycarbonate greenhouse:
- using a cord or tape;
- fiber thread;
- with a thin braid.
The choice of materials for the garter depends on the time Meni when the bush is formed. A young plant can not be pulled by wire, otherwise deformed tomatoes of a non-commercial appearance will appear on the damaged lashes. Shreds of fabric to tie up the lashes should not rot, so only high-quality materials are selected. Synthetics show good strength, but without stretching threads. In order not to bring fungal spores or infection onto the stem, before the garter procedure, the patches are boiled or soaked in a disinfectant solution.
Properly tie up tomatoes in the greenhouse help purchased clamps. These are ready-made ribbons of durable material that do not lose their characteristics within 2-3 months. Tomatoes are tied neatly, without unnecessary pressure and bending the main stem. Tie up the tomatoes in a greenhouse made of durable polycarbonate after one stalk is formed and the ovaries appear.
Preparation for the procedure
To properly attach the stalk, prepare a strong support. This is the main way to attach the lashes during the ripening of the crop. Without support, they make a temporary mount for a growing plant that has neither flowering nor greenery. Only high-quality, durable materials are used to fix the lower lashes and the main stem.
How to tie tomatoes in a greenhouse? For these purposes, use:
- stakes made of wood;
- metal rods;
- twine to fix the lashes;
- metal mesh or durable plastic.
For all crops, one type of fixing material is selected. If the support is reused, it is treated and disinfected. Without performing such actions, it will not be possible to avoid the infection of greenhouse crops.
Metal parts are cleaned of rust and soil residues.Correctly clean the supports of microbes and pathogenic microorganisms helps a solution of chlorine. Before the garter, all parts are washed with purified running water.
Purchased clips relieve the gardener of the hassle of finding suitable materials. Plastic parts are used to garter brushes with and without fruits. You can re-attach bushes using clips: purchased parts are used several times.
Stakes and metal supports
A growing bush can be supported using the simplest support – stakes. For these purposes, a rail or a thick metal rod is used. The plant is tied with stakes immediately after the first inflorescences appear.
How to properly tie the tomatoes in the greenhouse onto the slats:
- a rod is driven into the ground near each plant – the distance to the stem is 10 cm ( if you put the stakes closer you can damage the root);
- tomatoes (lashes and stems) are neatly attached to the rail with a strong twine;
- the rope is located near the crown of the bush;
- tie the stalk and rail several times with a cord or rope;
- the ends of the rope are tied.
With stakes tie up stunted bushes with long basal lashes. As the bush grows, the rope moves. To tie up the tomatoes, pick up rods 70 cm longer than the estimated height of the plant.
In greenhouses, rods are installed before seedlings are planted: beds are formed based on the location of stakes. The main thing is to tie up the main stem, and then the side lashes and brushes.
The horizontal way to garter
One of the most reliable ways to tie up tall tomato bushes, – using horizontal support. For mounting, trellises are used, which are located at a distance of 1.5-2 m from each other. Tomatoes are tied in the greenhouse in stages:
- high stakes drive along the entire perimeter of the greenhouse;
- the mount is tamped and covered with soil (trellis should not stagger or move);
- at a height of 40 cm from the soil level, between the fasteners stretch the treated twine.
As the bushes grow, the branches are attached to the stretched thread and gently fixed. For convenience, several ropes are stretched between the trellises in order to fix the bushes from different sides as best as possible.
How to tie tomatoes properly in the greenhouse using trellis? To preserve green fruits, special hooks are used.They do not allow the brushes to weight the stem, but they do not stop the flow of nutrients from the stem to the fruits.
Frame and net
How to tie tomatoes in the greenhouse and what fasteners are the most reliable? Linear methods for garter bushes include a hedge of mesh. The scourges are tied with a rope to the upper wire, which is held on fixed rods. From above, the bush is fixed to the wire, and from below – to the rods. Using this method, it is convenient to tie bushes in which both the upper and lower lashes grow strongly.
On both sides of the garden where the tomatoes are planted, they stretch the net, which is stole by stakes located at the same distance from each other. With this method, you can tie bushes from all sides and at any height. You can tie lashes to the net with twine or pieces of fabric.
An advanced method of gartering the culture is based on the construction of a single frame. Convenient construction consists entirely of metal or wood. Each frame is located around the plant, so the garter is carried out at any level and height.